Conflict Conflict is the disagreement among different persons or individuals featured by hostility and antagonism. It is motivated by one party opposing another with an aim to perform a different opinion from the other party. The conflict elements contain different sets of principles as well as values, therefore, causing the conflict, (David et al., 2017). Intergroup conflict The type of conflict occurs due to misunderstanding among different groups within an organization. The conflict is experienced in different departments in an organization’s setting due to differences in their goal settings and interests, (Barney & Ouchi, 2015) The groups or teams may also experience the conflict due to the competition among them in addition to rivalry in resources and boundaries initiated by the specific groups to show their personal identities.
Conflict Resolution and Negotiation Conflict is a clash of interests, values, actions, views or directions. Conflict refers to the existence of that clash. Conflict is initiated the instant clash occurs. Generally, there are diverse interests and contrary views behind a conflict, which are revealed when people look at a problem from their viewpoint alone. Conflict is an outcome of organizational intricacies, interactions and disagreements.
Interpersonal Conflict Conflict can lead to a serious problem in any organization. It might not lead to the firm’s failure but it certainly can hurt an organization’s performance as well as lead to the loss of many good employees. Organizational conflict is a state of discord caused by the actual or perceived opposition of needs, values and interests between people working together. Conflict takes many forms in organizations, such as, interpersonal conflict, intragroup conflict, intergroup conflict and interorganisational conflict. In this discussion, we will mainly focus on interpersonal conflict.
Hence, in this chapter conflict in The Foreigner is analysed through socio-cultural factors that actually gave birth to conflict in the novel. Conflicts in The Foreigner The title of the novel, The Foreigner, itself suggests some kind of prevailing tension in the novel. Human beings often perceive 'foreign ' as strange from their surroundings and circumstances. Foreign also is that phenomenon that humans fail to comprehend to suit their spatial surroundings. As a result, from times immemorial societies consider that is something strange to them and often in conflict with them as that of 'foreign.
Johansen (2012), described conflict as a perceived threat to a person’s “needs, interests, or concerns” (pg. 50), but in the workplace, it may become more complex. The complexity of conflict is due to the mixture of different emotions and
The groups or individuals involved then comes into conflict to attain the most of these resources, which brings forth hostile behaviors among all those actively involved in the conflict. • Value conflict is concerned with the varied preferences and ideologies that people have as their principles, these can be very different depending upon the background of each individual and the kind of environment on has been prone to. • Power conflict occurs when the individuals involved intends to maximize the influence they have on the other groups or the society as a whole. Power Conflict is a major contributor in interpersonal conflict and can happen between any 2 individuals, groups or even between 2 nations when they share some common interests. In other types of conflict, power is also evident as it involves an asserting of influence to another.
Perspective and perceptive differences are created by the combination of conflicting personal characteristics and interactional difficulties subject to each individual's interpretation (Borkowski, 2016, p. 309). Stressful events exacerbate interpersonal conflict and, if not managed, the aftermath will be harmed relationships, poor morale and risk of lawsuits due to a hostile workplace claim (Mckenzie, 2015). Cindy and Dr. Jones are impacted by all elements of interpersonal
The word “conflict” comes from the Latin word conflictus, which means collision or clash. Nevertheless, considerable disagreement exists over how to define conflict. Many attempts to define conflict in a way that best sums up its major aspects have been made. People who work in the field continue to work on developing definitions of conflicts according to their various features. For example, definitions exist based on the major causes of conflict, such as material resources, power, values or feelings.
The unfairness that is happening in Mindanao is graft and corruption, human rights abuse, land conflicts and many more. According to Encyclopedia of Genocide and Crimes against Humanity (2005) pointed out that “abuses perpetrated against indigenous peoples represent perhaps the largest number of historical injustices” (par.4). From this, it is apparent that historical injustices in Mindanao were mostly derived from discrimination of a certain group of people. The same also happened in Mindanao, wherein there was a conflict of interest of different parties involved in the negotiation of BBL. The existence of the conflict of interest came from the movement for freedom of the Moros (Quevedo, n.d.).
A multicultural country like Malaysia has a majority population of Muslims also known as “bumiputera” (“Son of soil”). There are also many other smaller ethnic groups like Iban, Bidayuhs, Kadazans, Sea Dayaks, Land Dayaks, Kadayans, Orang Asli (the Malay term for indigenious people in Malaysia) which consists and many more that are indigenous to Sarawak. (IWGIA, 2015) According to statistics, there are about 31.7 million people now in Malaysia. The populace for Ethnic Bumiputera holds the highest percentage with 68.9%, then Chinese, Indian and others with 23.4%, 7.0% and 1.0% respectively amidst in Malaysian citizens (Department of Statistics Malaysia, 2016). The minorities would be the Indians and the Chinese as these two groups occupy a larger population than the other ethnic groups but still minor in comparison to the Muslim population in the country.