Conversely, counterproductive work behavior (CWB) represents behavior that harms other employees, the organization as a whole, or organizational stakeholders. To truly understand how such a prestigious organization that has produced great military leaders like Eisenhower, MacArthur, and Patton faced the potential of expelling nearly 117 underclassmen for cheating and approximately 200 others who had knowledge of it, we must dissect how a civilian is transformed into a commissioned officer and prepared to give his life in defense of their
Dunn caused an increase of political positioning between CEO and the HP board. Plus, board members became further divided with unethical leaks of classified company information, and Mrs. Dunn’s approach and investigation to discover the source of the leaks. Similar to her predecessor, Dunn was influenced by low self-monitors, with an internal locus of control, and a keen interest in the organization. An illustration of these behaviors is described with her actions trying to control her environment by hiring an investigating firm to spy on board members. Further, Patricia ignored requests from board member Tom Perkins to deal with the unethical leaks internally, creating a perception of illegitimate political actions.
Another central issue in the Vinson case was the question of employer liability for the action of supervisors. Specifically, the issue has focused on the conditions under which an employer can be held liable for the harassing conduct of its individual supervisors (Meritor Savings Bank v. Vinson, 1986). At one extreme, the argument held that an employer is always liable for the actions of supervisors because the supervisor is acting as the agent of the employer. At the other extreme, the argument held that, unless the act of sexually harassing employees was part of the supervisor’s job, the employer should be liable only if the employer was negligent. Negligence in this context has come to be defined as “the employer knew or should have known
Due to its pervasive negative effects on the organisation, current trends in industrial and organisational psychology suggest a continuing increase in the study of counterproductive work behaviours (Levy & Tziner, 2011). According to Spector, Bauer and Fox (2010), the term counterproductive work behaviour is seen as a volitional behaviour that harms or intends to harm organisations or people in organisations. Chang and Smithikrai (2010) on their part define counterproductive workplace behaviour as a class of behaviour that acts against the interests of the organisation, which individuals, usually, consciously choose to engage in. Hafidz, Hoesni and Fatimah (2012) observe that counterproductive work behaviours affect not just the organisation, but also influence other employees, customers and suppliers. Gruys and Sackett (2003) classified these behaviours into eleven main dimensions of theft and other related behaviours; destruction of property; misuse of information; misuse of time and resources; unsafe behaviour; poor attendance; poor quality work; alcohol use; drug use; inappropriate verbal actions; and inappropriate physical
The corporation was presented by the media over demonstrating the circumstances below which the factories of Nike were working in in several countries and the insignificant standards that had to be achieved by the workers. The goal of the company was only to abuse its workforces so as to make monetary gain. The detection of the company’s misconducts directed to constant attacks & firmly approvals had to be established so as to recover the immoral situation. With the media emphasizing the difficulties in how Nike is working in underdeveloped countries, the Nike had to modify its working strategies. It was compulsory to start enduring by the severe guidelines and to be more worried in how the factories in overseas were contracted for the production of goods & the type of individuals to be employed.
Francisco d’Anconia’s justice-oriented actions involve retribution against those who they think can rely on his business judgments. When the looters hear about Francisco’s San Sebastián Mines, they invest in them. The San Sebastián Mines are revealed to be worthless and a fraud. Francisco
(BS-2) Therefore, the author includes affects that the materials have on people. (BS-3) However, the society also has rebelled with an exception to the people who aren’t obsessed with the objects. (TS) Ray Bradbury creates a society of materialistic people, obsessed with having too much, all the while warning the reader about the dangers of greed, through the example of a few characters. (MIP-1)
The definition of theft, as explained by Merriam-Webster is, “the felonious taking and removing of personal property with intent to deprive the rightful owner of it, and an unlawful taking (as by embezzlement or burglary) of property.” Therefore, theft can be observed as being both morally (by deception) and legally a crime, both inside and out of the workplace. However, is providing a superior or larger discount to a customer through means of your position, in exchange for an undisclosed monetary bonus on the side, the same case? This is a scenario that I have experienced first hand in the organization I am currently employed with. One of my superiors was conducting business operations through his position, as a manager, in this way, eventually
The whistle blower is the voluntary act that done by a person who have bad feelings towards the organization done such illegal or improper conduct. According to Mathieu (2007) the act of disclosing unethical or illegal behavior of organization the top management even to external parties or public. The person who blows the whistle can be either existing or even previous employee, stated by Rusniah Ahmad (2006). 1.1 Prosocial behavior theory The whistle blower act have similarities towards the prosocial behavior. Elliot.
Micro – level crimes explain the reasons in individual level. Strain theory emphasizes the presence in person’s life negative aspects and stimuli that cause anger. In this case, people commit the white collar crimes due to the inability to achieve their goals and the fear of losing social status. Additionally, routine activities theory explains why corporate people commit such kind of crimes. According to this theory, three conditions conducive the realization of the crime, including “a target, a motivated offender, and lack of capable Guardians” (Lugo).