Examples Of Crime Prevention

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Crime prevention is an attempt in the reduction and deterrence of criminal activities and criminal behavior. Prevention of crime is applied specifically to the efforts made by governments and the communities to reduce crime, enforce laws, and maintain justice. The first crime prevention division formed In the United States was in Berkley, California in 1925. It was the first of its kind in police history. In the last thirty (30) years the prison population in the United States has increased more than seven-fold (Western 2007). Disproportionate numbers of minorities are currently being filtered through our prison systems in hopes that they will be deterred from further committing crimes. Deterrence is a theory focused on preventing
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Little is known about how the fear or threat of sanctions affects the decision-making process among adolescent offenders. Adolescents are an important focus of research attention. Focusing on youth rehabilitation and intermediate care once they are released from the criminal justice system may help rehabilitate and prevent future delinquency. Rehabilitation has proven to potentially build on positive social bonds, boundaries and what acceptable social behavior. Research has documented the magnitude of youth violence and the trends over time, and the rate of recidivism are very…show more content…
By definition, therefore, included as crime prevention are programs in the courts and corrections that focus on reducing the criminal activities of known offenders. For policy purposes, recent interventions for reducing crime through the courts and corrections can be classified into six categories: Incapacitation, deterrence, community restraints, structure discipline and challenge, rehabilitation and a combination of rehabilitation and restraint.
Incapacitation or depriving the offender of the capacity to commit crimes, usually through detention in prison or capital punishment; Deterrence or punishment that is so repugnant that neither the punished offender (specific deterrence) nor others (general deterrence) will commit the crime in the future; Community restraints or the surveillance and supervision of offenders in the community in order to reduce their capacity and/or opportunity for criminal activities; Structure, discipline and challenge programs that use physically and/or mentally stressful experiences to change the offenders in a positive way (rehabilitation) or deter them from later crime (specific deterrence); Rehabilitation or treatment directed toward changing the offender and thereby preventing future criminal behavior of the treated individual; Combining rehabilitation and restraint in order to insure that offenders make changes that are associated
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