She shows this through women not being allowed to take part of the jury, people being judged on their social class or their different lifestyle but the most prominent is racism since the jury convicts Tom for a crime he didn't commit just because he was black. A powerful quote said by Atticus to Jem was the following: “[s]o far nothing in your life has interfered with your reasoning process.” (295). I think this shows that anyone was once innocent as a child, but as one becomes older and aware of the evil, they get influenced to do evil as well. However, they are still good people. Scout and her brother start at the beginning of the novel innocent.
Through this, Scout learns firsthand about hatred. The experience with Bob Ewell also causes her to learn that innocence and youth are no protection against the evils of the world. If Scout were to be exposed to this in the beginning of the book, she wouldn’t have an understanding of what is going on. When she would find out Boo Radley brought her brother home, she would’ve been terrified of him like earlier in the book. Through these examples, Harper Lee shows that it is required for a child to lose their innocence when going through life, as it is part of their development as a person.
The final way that shows how labels can affect people is negativity. There is so much negativity in this book, like when the book mentioned how the Ewells were not liked. “ The Ewells have been the disgrace of maycomb for three generations.”(Lee 30) This is true and nobody in Maycomb likes the Ewells. The only reason that people were on their side for the trial was because Tom was black and the people were racist that stood against him, They didn 't stand by the Ewells because they liked them. This book shows how labels can affect almost everyone and shows how you can be judged on almost anything.
(Ch.16, Pg.168) Mr. Raymond acted as if he was drunk so he that he wouldn't need to explain to anyone his love for a black woman. The alcohol, he said, gave the community of Maycomb a reason to say, he didn't realize what he was doing. These kind of relations were completely unheard of during this time. Aunt Alexandra demonstrates discrimination, even against her own race, when she refused to allow Scout to have Walter Cunningham over for
Even through all of the trouble that still did not slow them down. Instead of fighting with a fist, African American and several people of different races had boycotts and marches to show that it was time for a change. They felt it was time to say “No justice no peace”. No more would they have to look down or look away when a white person is coming down the street. No more, would they have to explain to a broken hearted child that they cannot spend the night or go over their white friend house because their parents would not allow that.
Jem gets in trouble by Mrs. Dubose and is forced to read to her as a consequence; Scout understands her brother’s begrudging behaviour and tries to help by withstanding the punishment with him even though she’s afraid of the old lady, “You don’t have to go with Jem, you know” (Lee 143). Scout understands why Jem was angered by Mrs. Dubose after she insulted their father since she was upset as well and decided to join her brother through his retribution. During the trial, Scout comes to realize how lonely and sad Mayella must be since she has no friends and has not future because of her father’s ways, “...it came to me that Mayella Ewell must have been the loneliest person in the world.” (256). After thinking about how isolated Mayella must be despite having a sizeable family, Scout compares the alcoholic’s daughter to the utmost introverted neighbour, Boo Radley. After an unsafe circumstance, Scout leads Boo to his house after he saving her and her brother; she stands on his porch and recounts the past 3 years from his perspective, “It was summertime, and two children scampered down the sidewalk toward a man approaching in the distance.” (374).
It is obvious to any person who has read the novel To Kill a Mockingbird, that the legitimacy of Tom Robinson’s trial is questionable. Tom is tried against a bias jury, with no intentions for considering his innocence. And he was given a death sentence that was unrelenting. The trial demanded a jury without bias or hate towards Tom, but for men like Tom Robinson their innocence was irrelevant to their future. Life is full of prejudice and discriminations, but it shouldn’t happen in the determination of someone 's
Although some of the subjects agreed to be participants, they never knew or had not been informed of what the study was about. The government agency deliberately withheld life-saving medications to the subjects when such medication became available (Grove et al., 2015). The disturbing part was that the government agency continued their research knowing that it was unjust and inhumane, and even published results of the study for people to read. Americans condemned the acts of the Nazi Germans to the Jews, yet they committed this experiment to the unknowing African Americans. The African American men used for the syphilis study were considered vulnerable because these men were susceptible to attack or physical harm due to their race.
It encourages them. You know how they talk among themselves, everything that happens in this town’s out to the quarters before sundown.” (157) This shows that people in Maycomb chose to not say certain things with a colored person present because they believe that all colored people like gossiping amongst each other and anything you say in front of them will be known by all of them. This is also another example of how the race of those on around them affect what the characters say and this is a terrible mindset. You shouldn’t make assumptions about people, especially because of their race. A lawyer called Mr. Gilmer asked Tom Robinson during his trial,”Had your eye on her [Mayella] a long time, hadn 't you boy?” “No suh I never looked at her.” … “Why were you so anxious to do that woman 's chores?” Tom Robinson hesitated, searching for an answer.
They were jealous and always suspected that the other people were trying to take things that were not theirs. The witch hunt could only escalate as it did because the people of Salem did not trust each other in the beginning and it just kept on getting worse because they made false accusations. If we talk about an unstable community, we of course have to talk about its people. No one is innocent, many of them are not trustworthy. Two characters in the play take it to an extreme.
But that doesn’t seem like a good enough reason to change a big part of the novel. Taking out the “n-word” would not only be taking out some of the history but also some meaning and significance of the novel. Many readers see To Kill a Mockingbird as a racist book because it shows the whole truth about that time period. The “n-word” was just part of everyone’s vocabulary back then it was used many times even in the same few sentences like when Atticus’ daughter Scout asks: “Do you defend niggers, Atticus?” (pg 77). But no one really tries to look at the situation from any other perspective.
People acted out of anger and displeasure in the moment so they fought and fought, One race was tired of being mistreated so they tried to make a difference, the other race didn’t want anything to change and wanted them to stay in their miserable place. I’ve read online many events where a black person and a white person did the same crime but there’s this thing called white privilege which let’s them get away or won’t suffer as much. I think this is very much sad because it’s been almost a century since the Race Riots have started and almost nothing changed except African-American getting the equal amount of rights. That’s sure an improvement but people are still immature and uneducated enough to learn how to not be racist, I see nothing wrong with black people but there are people who still do. Seeing how today’s society is still unchanged in some areas, I still personally think the Chicago Race Riots would still have started even without Eugene William’s death but at a much later
Atticus told Jem one day “Shoot all the bluejays you want, if you can hit 'em but remember it’s a sin to kill a mockingbird”(103). The bluejays were referring to people that harm others without any reason, basically the bullies in Maycomb. The mockingbirds refer to the people who did not do anything bad so why get them into problems without them doing anything bad. This can be better said with Jem and Scout discussing, “Why couldn’t I mash him?’ I asked. ‘Because they don’t bother you,’ Jem answered in the darkness” (273).
It also states that Scout “sneered at him”(Lee 18). This conveys the idea that Scout is try to egg Jem on with her actions and pressure him into doing something much out of Jem’s comfort zone. 2. The supposed accident that suggests Boo Radley has an underlying notion of brutality involves harming his own father. The incident seems to come out of nowhere, on a day where Boo is simply just cutting things out of the newspaper.
Scout explains how “A jury never looks at the defendant if it has convicted, and when this jury came in, not one of them looked at Tom Robinson… Judge Taylor was polling the jury; ‘Guilty...Guilty...Guilty’”(211) When Scout and Jem hear the verdict, they are distraught. As they were walking home, “It was Jem’s turn to cry.. ‘It’s not right, Atticus’”(212) It is at this moment that Jem and Scout realize that as much as they want the world to be fair, it is never going to be in favor of them. The morals in Maycomb, no matter how unfair and biased they may be, will not change as the racism and prejudice present in the novel have been in Maycomb for as long as the people living there can remember. This incident is another example of a lesson learned for both Jem and Scout as they see that life is not always perfect, but they have to make out of it what they