Examples Of Demographic Transition

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The Demographic Transition is indicated by population changes of demographic patterns which are the birth rate, death rate and growth rates as a nation undergoes development from a pre-industrial to an industrialized economic state. Each phase is characterized by a specific relationship between birth rate ( number of live births per one thousand population in an area) and mortality rate (number of annual deaths per one thousand people). The changing of the rates has an essential impact on the total population of a nation. Each country will experience a transition from one phase to the next in accordance with the country 's social and economic development. Based on demographer point of view, there are four stages of classical demographic transition, as follows:
1. Stage 1, pre-transition, refers to a high birth rate and a high death rate. These conditions resulted in no significant changes in the total population where population growth is very low. For most of human
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First, in the 1950s were rapidly declining mortality caused a rapid change in the number, composition, and growth of the Indonesian population. At that time the population increased rapidly because fertility did not immediately follow the decline in mortality. Second, in the late 1970s, it was characterized by a relatively rapid decline in fertility rate. This second demographic transition is still ongoing, with the impact seen from the decline in population growth rates from the 1980s-1990s. Third, it began in the 1990s that changed the regional composition of the population in Indonesia. The demographic transition is characterized by the reduction of birth rates, and declining mortality. One indicator of the decreasing in the birth rate is the performance of Indonesia government in family planning programs and the accessible of contraceptives. This would suggest that living conditions and standards of health and public safety were

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