The inclusion of evidence, ethos, pathos, and a strong claim, but it can also be strengthened by what is not included. In the essay “Why I am Black, Not African American” the author John McWhorter made the decision to omit an opposition statement. This was a risky decision, because not acknowledging the other side of the argument can make the reader perceive the author as closed minded and shallow. However, the lack of opposition in this essay was not seen in that light. The lack of an opposition statement provided the essay with a stronger flow.
MISS R.A Masuluke 201428880 UBUNTU:AUTHENTICALLY BEING-WITH OTHERS. Honours Research Project RENEILWE MASULUKE 201428880 HONOURS STUDENT HEIDEGGER FIRST DRAFT RESEARCH PROJECT Introduction In this essay I will argue that, contrary to appearances, Heidegger’s notion of authenticity with its emphasis on individuality and Ubuntu with its emphasis on community are compatible and, in fact, mutually add to each other. The paper will consist of three sections, whereby in the first section I give an exposition of some parts of Heidegger’s Being and Time, particularly highlighting the difference between authenticity and inauthenticity. In the second section I will be discussing the notion of Ubuntu in depth, with reference to various writers’
Person-centered therapy developed in the 1930’s by psychologist Dr Carl Rogers (1902-1987), person-centered therapy divided from the formal role of the therapist highlighted in psychoanalysis. Carl Rogers emphasised the humanistic perspective as well as ensuring therapeutic relationships with clients promote self-esteem, authenticity and actualisation in their life, and help them to use their strengths (Seligman, 2006). He propelled a way to deal with psychotherapy and guiding that, at the time (1940s – 1960s), was considered greatly radical if not progressive. In the late 1960s, person-centered therapy got to be connected with the human potential development. This development, going back to the mid 1900s, mirrored a modified point of view
Dreier, in his article “Moral Relativism and Moral Nihilism,” examines a similar argument to the one provided by Shafer-Landau, and additionally rests on the internalist premise. Shafer-Landau’s objection to this premise utilizes the amoralist, an individual who makes sincere moral judgments, but is unmoved by them (336-337). He admits that the amoralist is an unusual individual, but still plausible. Dreier is able to evade this counter argument altogether through subscribing to a weaker form of internalism. He proposes the example of an isolated culture of English-speaking individuals with an entirely different vocabulary of moral language (257).
As we have learned from our previous discussions, John Locke believed that personal identity was a matter of psychological continuity. He believed that the “self”, or personal identity was not founded on substance of body, or soul, but rather consciousness. Schechtman agrees with Locke’s perspective with regards to the notion that a person’s identity is not that of physical substance, but sameness of consciousness. Not only are we human beings, but persons as well. However, Schechtman feels the understanding of persistence is unsatisfactory.
is the second necessary condition of a just procedure. The existences of such procedures are a matter of historical contingency. (Hampshire, 2000, p.17, p.27). All humans are subject to the same moral restrictions and that only one conception of the good is finally acceptable. Fairness and justice in procedures are only virtues that can reasonably be considered as setting norms to be universally respected.
The one of common categories enlighted upon for these purposes are substance and property, referring one substance dualism and other property dualism. There is, however, an important third category, called as predicate dualism. Predicate Dualism: Predicate dualism is about the theory that psychological predicates are: (a) Important for a complete identification of the real world, and (b) are not defined further to physicalistic predicates. The mental predicate to be defined in sub categories, there would be some laws which connect different psychological states to physical states carried no information will not bring any information of mental predicate whenever used which could be defined in presence of it. An example of what we believe to be a true type redefined outside psychology if we consider the mere only of water, where we know that water is H2O: something is water if and only if it is H2O.
The purpose of this paper is to compare and contrast Nate Silver’s (2015) book about methods of prediction, The Signal and the Noise, to Malcolm Gladwell’s (2005) book about the power of thinking without thinking, Blink. First, it discusses the similarities of both books regarding predictions, and presents examples of their relation. Secondly, this paper highlights the differences between the authors in their philosophy for their methods. Lastly, it posits that Malcolm Gladwell’s book, though different from Nate Silver’s book, is helpful and accurate in understanding statistics. Additionally, this paper provides context to support this assertion through examining case studies featured in Gladwell’s work.
The method I used to explore my research question is Metaphor criticism, which is employed by scholars to analyze texts by locating metaphors with texts and evaluating those metaphors in effort to better understand ways in which authors appeal to their audiences (Gerianne Merrigan, 2004). Metaphor is a primary means by which phenomena in the world become objects of reality or knowledge for us. It’s also a way of thinking, offering the listeners and the readers fresh ways of examining ideas and viewing the world (FOss, 2004). A number of theories describe metaphor through different aspects. In the book Rhetorical criticism: Exploration & practice, Foss (2004) mentioned that metaphors are nonliteral comparisons in which a world or phrase form
Moral identity has been used as a useful construct in social , developmental, and organizational psychology for clearing up many aspects of moral functioning (Aquino, Freeman, Reed, Lim, &Felps, 2009; Aquino, Reed, Stewart, & Shapiro, 2005; Detert, Trevino, & Sweitzer, 2008; Hardy, Bhattacharjee, Reed, & Aquino, 2010; Lapsley&Lasky, 2001; Reynolds &Ceranic, 2007; Skarlicki, Van Jaarsveld, & Walker, 2008; Weaver, 2006). Several writers (Aquino & Freeman, 2009; Aquino & Reed, 2002; Lapsley&Lasky, 2001) have argued that moral identity is a reliable cause of moral behavior. Moral identity is one of various possible identities that a person can use as a basis for self-definition (Aquino & Reed, 2002). There is large evidence that particularly plays a key role in moral functioning in the way that manipulating how people respond and interpret to situations like moral judgment and choice (Shao et al.,