This has resulted in a reduced quality of life for Canada 's indigenous population, as well as adverse health problems, and prejudicial perceptions that we still see the impact of today. The documentary series, 8th fire, by Dando and Ingles (2012) supports this claim. The Indigenous peoples ' have long felt betrayed by the government that they had signed a treaty with, so why would an Indigenous person seek health services from this establishment? The mistrust between the Indigenous peoples and the Government of Canada is the result of colonization, specifically the Indian Act, and it undoubtedly impacts Indigenous peoples and their faith in, and ability to get proper care from, the healthcare system. The Indian Act, first introduced in 1876, was primarily a way for Canada to exercise complete control over the Indigenous population, limiting their rights and dissolving their identity.
The inequality amongst Aboriginal people and the rest of Canadians has been a pressing issue for many years without resolution. Currently, they inequalities exist within health cares, employment and education institutions. The Aboriginal people of Canada have suffered many hardships since the European settlers had first came to the country. The colonizers exploited and assimilated the Aboriginals by the colonialism, treaties, the residential schools they established and the 60’s scoop. These situations may explain why there were inequalities in the past; however, those days have past, and society is still faced with reoccurring imbalances.
A.S.M Anwarullah Bhuiyan in “A Critical Response to Will Kymlicka’s View of Multiculturalism” mentions that national minorities deserve fair treatment by the state, but the Indigenous have lost their societal culture due to an unjust societal system. As a result of the critiques findings, a culture is not a synonym with a nation. It is difficult to identify unique cultures and to determine if each unique culture should receive special rights. In Canada, the Aboriginals have unique rights but the smaller groups identify they have unique cultural characteristics the harder it is to give rights to the defined
The deviance from Western society on a personal or communal level can lead to the social marginalization (the movement of person or persons to the periphery of society whether institutionalized or individualized) of the individual or community leading to their exclusion through social stratification. In the context of Jaspreet Sidhu 's thesis work on the criminality and identity of (male) Punjabi Sikh youth (2012), "an interplay of parental, cultural, institutional, and societal processes impacted participants’ identities and subsequent action[s]" (iv) emphasized the tension between mainstream Canadian culture and practices, tradition and identities deviant from that of the dominant culture. Dukelow sees this as being codified through our institutions, which are often headed by those with the most power who
She tries to gain all kinds of information through different sources like books and comes to a conclusion, “But in fact it was really our own who had attacked us” (Satrapi 39). The circumstances of surroundings are different for Tayo and Marji. Tayo who has returned from the war does not agree with the opinions of Native Americans. Tayo wonders why Native Americans blame themselves for Europeans taking land and changing the culture. This leads Tayo to build up a certain hatred towards Europeans because Tayo thought when he was working in the army, many Europeans would show gratitude
Although their numbers were small, they got negative attention from inordinate Canadians. This was prompted by cultural, racial, prejudice and labor fears of economic competition (Johnston,Komagata Maru). There were already Anti-Asian lobbies in Canada who opposed Chinese and Japanese immigrants and they started to dislike on the Punjabi and South Asians. As a result, Canada placed a law on immigrants from India in 1908 with regulations which had to be followed when coming to Canada. Ali Kazimi, who wrote a documentary on the Komagata Maru told the Toronto Star, “that Canada for the first 100 years of its existence had what was effectively a ‘white man's’ policy” ( Tharoor, Trudeau's apology).
Bob Scriver sold his collection of Blackfeet artifacts to a Canadian Museum in 1989. The Blackfeet in Montana and Canada were both shocked by the insensitivity of his actions. They felt it was a huge loss to their cultural identity as well as their trust in Bob Scriver. Bob Scriver was a man who was once considered an honorary member of the tribe. While cultural artifacts are important I do not feel that they are the most important aspect of a culture to preserve.
Over the course of many decades, Canadian Immigration experiences have changed dramatically. Two differences being that discrimination has decreased tremendously, refugees are now accepted, and one similarity being that there are job opportunities. Firstly, in the early 1900s there was a lot of discrimination towards other ethnicities besides the white. For example, in the residential schools, First Nation children had been stripped from their families and forcefully put into schools. They tried to assimilate anything resembling First Nations.
Few of these cases have been vigorously investigated by police or given attention by the media (nwac.org). This is a form of structural violence, because the government of Canada gave little or no attention to finding these missing women or investigating the cause of their deaths. The most dangerous aspect of this situation (not investigating or no records of missing Aboriginal women) is that serial killers and violent offenders are also aware of the built in limitations of Canadian justice systems which makes the Aboriginal women more vulnerable to violence (Indigenous politics,
Aboriginal people continue to be victimized and incarcerated at much higher rates than non-Aboriginal people. The overrepresentation of Canadian Aboriginal people in the criminal justice system is a question that has not yet been answered. This research paper will focus on the risk factors experienced by many Aboriginal people, residential school experiences, and institutional racism, and their roles in the overrepresentation of Canadian Aboriginal people in the criminal justice system. The Canadian government system has tried to deal with this issue, but looking at the high rates of overrepresentation, there approach has not been successful. Aboriginal people have a long history of traditions, but many of these traditions were altered or
Viola’s case became headline of black newspapers and journalist across Nova Scotia and Halifax where many people were outraged by this audacious disregard for Canada’s constitution. King vs Desmond, arose civil rights injustice in Canada that has been “swept under the rug” now the government and the legislative bodies now had to address this issue of segregation and unwritten rules that some provinces still practise (Thomson, Colin A. 1986). Viola case went all the way to the supreme court event thought was turn down, this case left a massive impact on the citizens of Canada because blacks were now paying attention and united under one cause (Thomson, Colin A. (1986).
One way that the Indigenous studies requirement would aid in combating racism is through diminishing harmful stereotypes that surround Indigenous peoples. According to Maclean’s, “one in three prairie residents believe that many racial stereotypes are accurate” and that 52% of prairie residents also agree that “Aboriginals’ economic problems are mainly their fault” (Macdonald, 2015) in a poll conducted by the Canadian Institute for Identities and Migration. Canada has had a long history of racism against and the dehumanization of Indigenous peoples, including but not limited to the residential school system and the more recent issue of the high rates of Indigenous children in Child and Family Services (CFS). It is estimated that 150,000 Indigenous children were placed into residential schools from 1874 to 1996 (Fee, 2012) and it is believed 6,000 of these children died while attending, although this number is difficult to determine due to the government ceasing recordings of deaths in residential schools around 1920. Indigenous children were taken from their homes, from their parents and from their way of life to be put into schools that were meant to rid them of their Indigenous culture and assimilate
They were always looked down upon for the inability to speak the language there. Many businesses owned by Japanese people were vandalised, making it increasingly difficult for Japanese people to live in Canada. However, the Japanese Canadians posed no military threat at all, protecting them from any higher level of racism. After the Empire of Japanese decided to attacked Pearl Harbor, everything made a turn for the worse. Now, in addition with the moderate level of racism the Japanese were experiencing, the Canadian people thought they posed a threat as terrorists; making life exponentially harder for them.
I believe that the Canadian government is guilty of genocide against the aboriginal people of Canada because of the residential schools, the creation of the Indian act and the enfranchisement of first nations people. The first reason I think the Canadian government is guilty of genocide is the residential schools. The schools were government sponsored religious schools established to assimilate aboriginal children into the dominant Canadian culture. Their policy was to remove children from the influence of their families, cultures and traditions. By doing this it eliminated all aspects of aboriginal culture.