In the end, I will conclude that the decision of Plessy v. Ferguson is a pernicious decision. A general interpretation of the Equal Protection of Laws clause would mean that every individual must be treated in the same manner as others in similar conditions and circumstances. A breach of this clause would take place if the individual is forbidden from entering a certain area only because he/she belongs to a particular race etc. However, the US Supreme Courts have interpreted this clause in a different way. The equal protection clause was interpreted as an equal application of all laws.
Reservation policy used as an instrument of protective discrimination sets quotas of seats in educational institutions, public employment and legislature for the backward classes of citizens. Thus protective discrimination aims at proportionate representation to the underprivileged classes in all the spheres of life to pre-vent concentration of power in the hands of the upper castes or classes as absolute concentration of power, corrupts
Discrimination can occur in many different forms such as beliefs, customs, cultures, and traditions which exist in countless countries across the globe, and even in those where discrimination is generally shunned and is a taboo. There are many different kinds of discrimination which includes but are not limited to ageism or age discrimination, racism or racial discrimination, sexism or sexual discrimination, ableism or discrimination towards the disabled, and discriminating those of a different nationality. Ageism or age discrimination is the discrimination and biasness based only or mostly on the basis of a person’s age group. It is a set of practices, customs, and traditions which are used to support their reason for discrimination based on a person 's age. Ageism is very commonly directed towards the elderly, teenagers, or young
The Human Rights Act 1998 ‘The Human Rights Act 1998 is integrated and implemented into UK in 2000’. It confirms the responsibility of the public servants such as police, hospitals, public schools, and so on to complete all the public functions within the set parameters. ‘These parameters or code of behavior promises the security of social rights and essential individualities of the people’. Further, this act guarantees the everybody has right to practice public services and ‘they should have right to be treated equally with much needed dignity regardless whether they are young or old, rich or poor, progenies or elderly, male or female’. ‘The rights, the Human Rights Act 1998 protects are, right and defend to life, the prevention of inhuman behavior, servitude and force labor, liberty and self-determination, non-discriminatory hearing, confidentiality and matrimonial matters, thoughts, religion, conviction, discrimination,
Accordingly, I will argue that racism remains to be an issue that exists in our contemporary world. It is important to examine the issue that surrounds the discrimination and inequality faced by not just black people, but also people of colour because it involves the state’s obligation
1.0 What is racism? Racism is the belief that characteristics and abilities can be attributed to people simply on the basis of their race and that some racial groups are superior to others. It involves not only making distinctions and grouping people but also denigration. 2.0 What is wrong with racism? 2.1 Principle of equality Equality is a claim that we should treat and respect all people equally, regardless race, sex, religion, culture …The interest and well-being of people is equally important.
looks at how it ultimately affects society and targeted groups. There are a myriad of arguments for and against the allowance of hate speech. Some citing Democracy and the first amendment others stem from the fear of eroded freedoms of expression and have valid points, but ultimately, it corrodes society’s human rights and freedoms. The two fold issue being intolerance of the freedom of self-determination and the fact that some are born a color or culture and have no choice. Therefore, hate speech is anti-social and damaging to society as a whole.
Constitution of India The Constitution of India prohibits any kind of discrimination on the basis of caste, sex, religion, race or place of birth. It is the institution which lays down the roots of equality of all. Fundamental Rights under Article 14-24 provide for equality of rights for every individual and on the other hand Article 25-30 advocates for protection of
First and foremost, rule of law is one of the branch of Constitutionalism. Rule of law encompasses the basic principles of equal treatment of all people before the law which guarantees basic human rights. ("The rule of law explained", 2018) The rule of law implies that the supremacy of law which includes all the laws must conform with a certain minimum of standards for an instance, protection of civil liberties. Professor A.V Dicey developed concept of rule of law that comprises three concepts of principles. Firstly, no one should be punished except for a conduct which represents a clear breach of law.
The 14th Amendment of the U.S. Constitution protects any person within their jurisdiction of their due process and equal protection. The Equal Protection Clause under the 14th Amendment requires the states to apply their laws equally to any person within their jurisdiction. The equal protection clause aims to provide equal application of the law. It is also crucial to the protection of civil rights. There should be no discrimination in its application.
EEOC is the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission and their job is to enforce the illegal discrimination of an employee based on race, color, religion, national origin and sex. Several acts fall under the EEOC such as the Pregnancy Discrimination Act, Equal Pay Act, The Age Discrimination Act and the TITLE I of the Americans with Disabilities Act ("Laws Enforced by EEOC," n.d.). Affirmative Action is policies designed to protect individuals that are part of a disadvantaged group, the program is supposed to breakdown barriers so everyone starts on a level playing field ("Affirmative Action," n.d.). Diversity is having a group of people that come from all different backgrounds and beliefs such as age, race, ethnic origin, religion and sexual
King and Hansberry presented the racial tensions between the influence and the authority mainstream to expose the limits of an unequal and racist American society. It is proven in both texts that inequality and discrimination that African Americans face, negatively impacts their thoughts, feelings, and domestic relationships with one another. Finally, King and Hansberry reveal that it is human to dream. The influences that the African American community struggle with daily, such racial discrimination, hinders the ability to fulfill their dreams. In response to that he, Mr. King, expresses his desire for all people to be to be seen as individuals and how that individual conducts himself.
The concept of oppression examines the “isim’s); racism, sexism, heterosexism, and class privilege as interlocking systems of oppression that ensues advantages for some and diminished opportunities for others; (p. 02/03). In the story of (Sharon Kowalski and Karen Thompson); there were three modes of oppression; ableism, heterosexism, and sexism. However, the oppression experienced in this instance would be systematic; (p. 476). Ableism is displaying a type of discrimination against someone with a disability (physical, mental, or medical). In the case of (Sharon Kowalski) this type of behavior is perfectly displayed, by those around her.
Advocating and striving to end racism and discrimination in recruitment, hiring, retention, and promotion in employment of members of racial ethnic groups in all levels of the criminal justice system will definitely cause conflict. However, DeRosa states that conflict is often defined as negative but when channeled appropriately it is a force that can propel one forward. The final C of the 5 C’s of Change is (co-creating) Community. Community means working collectively and collaboratively with others toward a shared vision that acknowledges, values, and affirms human diversity as essential to the individual as well as to the whole (DeRosa, 2002). DeRosa goes on to say that a support system is an essential element of