Throughout the twentieth century, many authors wrote their perspectives on the world’s future. Novels such as Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury and Brave New World by Aldous Huxley told of realities in which governments took extreme approaches to take control of its citizens’ lives, but a particularly alarming publication was George Orwell’s 1984. Written near the start of the Cold War in 1949, which saw the massive proliferation of nuclear arms and expansion of governments that polarized the globe into an East and a West, Orwell depicts what could happen if citizens allowed their governments to continue this power grab unchecked (Bossche). He uses rhetoric to recreate abstract concepts in the world’s dysfunctional political system as tangible entities in the plot.
In the book 1984 the idea of doublethink is for a person to believe in two very different idea and to think that both of the the ideas are true. The Party has created the idea of doublethink so that they would be able to control Oceania. Doublethink is essential to the Party because it control the citizens of Oceania. The Party use doublethink to brainwash all the citizens and to make them believe in all the information that they what that citizen to believe instead of information in reality “doublethink the mutability of the past and denial of objective reality and to use Newspeak words”(page 196). The Party has also given the people of Oceania information that might have become useful for things the Party are trying to do, but when the Party
In George Orwell's dystopian novel, 1984, the author uses cacophonous and anaphora diction with rhetorical and imperative syntax to convey the fragility and selfish state of human nature; the author further portrays the immense suffering guided by abused power at the hands of a totalitarian government. An analytical and commentary writing on society, 1984 discusses topics such as the exploitation of and total control in the absolutist manner of tyrannic leadership. Written through the perspective of Winston Smith and his conflict between reality and illusion in a deceptive society, Orwell intentionally warns the future society of these topics. While forcefully observing himself in a mirror, Winston notices that “a…skeleton-like thing was coming towards him… [with] a bald scalp, a crooked nose, and battered-looking cheekbones” and under the layer of dirt, “the red scars of wounds, and… the scraggy neck seemed to be bending double under the weight of the skull” (296-297).
To begin with, “doublethink” is an important concept in this book. “Doublethink” is a word in Newspeak, which is a language invented by the government to limit people’s freedom and thoughts, that refers to the “ability of holding and accepting two contradictory beliefs in one’s mind simultaneously” . People are forced to believe the contradictions of the government, such as “War is Peace”, “Freedom is Slavery” and “Ignorance is Strength”. For instance, Winston believes that “2+2=5” after the torture in the Ministry of Love. “Doublethink” severely affects people’s critical thinking, and eventually caused them to lose their own minds and individuality.
The main character, Winston, sees the problems and lies the government has and with his determination to stop Big Brother, the government will see him as a threat and will set out and destroy what makes him human. The Orwell wrote the book in 1948 and it was published in 1949 and wanted to warn us on how much power we should give to our government. In 2017 people are seeing a connection with today and 1984 with Doublethink. People are fearing that because with a power that can destroy free thinking will make Orwell's dystonia into a reality. With doublethink it provides parties the power to influence their agenda and beliefs to people and makes it difficult for them to freely think for themselves.
1984 depicts the circle of submission a citizen, or “comrade,” of a totalitarian government experiences. From Orwell’s numerous rhetorical devises, themes and plot outline it is clear the purpose of 1984 is to enlighten the reader to the dangers of a totalitarian government. Orwell was known to detest the notion of totalitarian governments and even assisted in wars to prevent them. From a minor amount of background information on Orwell combined with a basic understanding of rhetorical devises the reader can infer that Orwell is most likely addressing the rising existence of totalitarian governments of his era. Throughout the later sections of 1984 Orwell alludes to the Soviet empire and Nazi Germany.
Winston does not even question this he just gets out of bed to put on clothes. This shows how he does not even think about this control the society has placed on him but just accepts it. 1984 uses a term called doublethink this is believing in two completely contrary beliefs and accepting both of them as fact. Doublethink using logic to dismiss logic and allows for acceptance of both ideas.
In the world of George Orwell’s dystopian novel 1984, the totalitarian regime of one of the three superstates, Oceania, was known as “The Party” . In order for “The Party” to constantly maintain complete control of the minds of the party members, they instituted principles such as “doublethink” (as described in this quotation). The principle of “doublethink” is instilled in the minds of party members since birth. In essence “doublethink” allows for two opposing thoughts to reside in one’s mind while both are taken as the absolute truth. By instituting this principle “The Party” is able to control the minds of the masses simply by stating a fact because party members are taught that every word spoken by “The Party” is truth.
Although the society illustrated in George Orwell’s novel seems implausible, Orwell aimed to reflect certain aspects of the time period in which he lived and warn readers of the impending future he foresaw. The rise of tyrannical governments during the 1940s, such as Hitler in Germany
Context and thesis: In the novel 1984, there is an overarching theme of censorship, uniformity and corruption. Winston, the protagonist of the novel, lives in this heavily oppressed society – the government inhibits free thought, drastically limits vocabulary, and watches citizen’s each and every movement. All the privacy that one may expect is forbidden. Seeking private moments or conversations is illegal in the eyes of the party, thus resulting in severe consequences for the individual. In spite of this knowledge, Winston continuously rebels against the party by engaging in thoughtcrime, thereby establishing his nonconformist and individualistic disposition.
Orwell writes 1984 as a parallel to the Soviet Union with its perversion of communism. The Party’s constitution does not have a singular application as it can be seen in contemporary society. Although 1984 was published in the late 40s, the message of the
George Orwell’s famous book 1984 is a dystopian novel written in the year 1949. This dystopian novel describes a world much different than our world today. In 1984, there are a few unorthodox characters that perform some unconventional actions. Some of these characters even try to rebel against the government and the celebrated leader, Big brother. Winston is the main character that works in the newspaper department changing facts and stories into ones that are approved by the government.
By limiting the vocabulary, Newspeak is essentially “unintelligible” and hence controls the people’s understanding of the real world. Orwell emphasises that language is of utmost importance as it structures and limits the ideas individuals are capable of formulating and expressing. In 1984, language is used as a ‘mind control tool’. The party slogan, “war is peace, freedom is
Living through the first half of the twentieth century, George Orwell watched the rise of totalitarian regimes in Germany, Italy, Spain, and the Soviet Union. Fighting in Spain, he witnessed the brutalities of the fascists and Stalinists first hand. His experiences awakened him to the evils of a totalitarian government. In his novel 1984, Orwell paints a dark and pessimistic vision of the future where society is completely controlled by a totalitarian government. He uses symbolism and the character’s developments to show the nature of total power in a government and the extremes it will go through to retain that power by repressing individual freedom and the truth.