Murphy lacks mobility and sensation in his lower body other than the feeling of occasional muscle spasms, and has limited movement in his upper body below the neck including his arms. Murphy writes the story as it recounts events throughout his entire life, from childhood onwards. He was sixty-two when he wrote the novel. The story provides Murphy’s anthropological commentary on the life of a person with a disability and how society views and treats people with disabilities (Murphy, 1990). Murphy’s performance patterns both support and inhibit his occupational engagement.
Disabled People in the Victorian Era Societies have a strong tendency to group individuals into different “categories” based on their personal characteristics, thus determining several important aspects of their lives. When regarding the disabled people of nineteenth century Europe, this was absolutely true. Living as a disabled person in nineteenth century Europe brought on many difficult roadblocks, but also occasionally produced unique benefits. As a result of the different degrees and types of disabilities a person may have, those with them were each subject to distinctive factors, such as life in asylums or workhouses. Furthermore, as time progressed, they saw a change in the ways in which they were perceived and treated with the numerous
Firstly within the poems, both Owen and Harrison present the horrific images of war through use of visual imagery. “And leaped of purple spurted his thigh” is stated. Owen describes the immediate action of presenting the truth of war as horrific and terrifying . The phrase “purple spurted” represents the odd color of the blood which was shedded as the boulder from the bomb smashed his leg in a matter of seconds. The readers
The second stanza introduces the reader to the memories that the young men must suffer time and time, every day. Through the use of personification in “memory fingers in their hair of murders”, Owen communicates on a personal level to the reader, painting the visual image of an old man anxiously pushing his fingers through his hair. The soldiers are being tormented by their memories of the death they had witnessed and are resulting in pulling their own hair out to distract their minds from their memories. They cannot be still. They cannot be calm.
The novel Flowers for Algernon written by Daniel Keyes effectively explores the complex human experiences of disability and the impact that it has on individuals and society through its three major themes; Self-realisation , Alienation and loneliness and treatment of the mentally disabled by society. Through these themes this response will highlight the difficulties experienced by people with disabilities and the people in their lives. The first theme in Flowers for Algernon is self-realisation. Charlie’s new found knowledge has allowed him to have the ability to voice his needs and wants for understanding, acceptance, and love.
A heroic couplet structure within the poem provides a degree of clarity while still asserting the chaos and cruelness of war. Once again, it can be inferred that Owen himself serves as the speaker. However, this time his audience is more focused on young soldiers and families rather than plainly the public in general. In contrast to the previous work, this poem is set primarily in a World War I training camp, signifying the process young soldiers go through prior to deployment to the front line. The tone of this poem is more foreboding and condemnatory, not only describing the training soldiers but outright degrading their forced involvement as morally wrong.
Owen uses creative yet powerful diction to portray war and its gruesome brutality. He talks about “the incurable sores on innocent tongues” and the “blood-shod” boots from the awful conditions in the war. Owen’s use of “incurable” explains to the reader that the effects of war
The two poems “Out, Out” and “Disabled” share similar points of view but have completely different structures. The poem “Disabled” was written in 1917 by a young man called Wilfred Owen. It expresses the bitter thoughts of a teenaged veteran who lost his legs in World War I. It describes the horrible effects of the brutal war and the hardships of disability. On the other hand, the poem “Out, Out” was written in 1916 by Robert Frost.
Mairs opens her writing by saying “I am a cripple.” which instantaneously creates a serious tone. Mairs continues with her serious tone which keeps the reader engaged. Mairs supports her tone by addressing her issues with terms kin to cripple from simple ones such as: “handicapped” and “disabled” to the more uncommon yet euphemistic terms such as: “differently
Through both of his poems, Dulce Et Decorum Est and Disabled, Owen clearly illustrates his feeling about war. Both of them convey the same meaning that war destroyed people’s lives. For Dulce Et, Decorum Est, it mainly illustrates soldier’s life during war, the dreadfulness of war, whereas, Disabled illustrates how war have damaged soldier’s life. Also, the saying that said that war it is lovely and honorable to die for your country is completely against his point of view. Owen conveys his idea through graphically describing his horrible experiences in war.
Society perceives disable people as unable of doing the daily duty’s that a normal person could do. But in fact, they are wrong. Nancy Mairs describes how she was able to teach writing courses and teach medical students on how to give neurological examinations, making reader able to see that although , she was a “cripple” , she was able to perform some of the work of a professional person in the work- field. According to Mairs’essay “with only one usable hand, I have to select my clothing with care not so much for style as for ease of ingress and egress, and even so, dressing can be laborious”(3). Making it almost impossible for Mairs to dress up, she was to put on the necessary clothes that she needed to be covered by a piece of fabric clothing.
In Flowers for Algernon by Daniel Keyes, there is a thirty-two year old, intellectually disabled man, Charlie Gordon who undergoes an operation to increase his intelligence. Charlie works at Donner’s bakery and before the operation, Charlie is not treated very nicely by his peers at his job and even his family throughout his childhood. After the operation, he is able to realize how he was treated and what the situation looks like to “normal” people. Daniel Keyes wants to argue the treatment of disabled people compared to the “normal” people in society.
The Religion of Disability: How Flannery O’Connor Uses the Concept of Disability in “The Lame Shall Enter First” In her short story, “The Lame Shall Enter First” Flannery O’Connor shares the tale of a self-righteous reformatory counselor, Sheppard, who forgoes the raising of his own son to embark on a quest to improve the life of a young miscreant, Rufus Johnson, who has a clubbed foot. Eventually after devoting all his time and effort to the saving of this young boy, Sheppard realizes the selfish nature of his actions, but it is too late to save to save his own son. O’Connor employs disability perceptions through the contrasting ideas of confinement and freedom as well as the idea of moral superiority.