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Experiential Learning Theory (ELT)

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Experiential Learning Theory (ELT) pertains to the learning process by which people undergo. This theory focuses on how people learn, grow and develop. In addition, it gives emphasize on the importance of experience in learning process. According to Kolb D. A. (1984) cited by Kolb A. Y. and Kolb D. A. (2008), that ELT is the method by which knowledge where gathered through various experience. And knowledge came from the product of grasping and experiences. Figure 1: Experiential Learning Cycle The said theory follows a sequence of stage where people gather their knowledge from the experiences, namely: Concrete Experience, Reflective Observation, Abstract Conceptualization and Active Experimentation.  Concrete Experience- According to…show more content…
The theory explains how an individual gathered knowledge from the experiences he/she encounters and how these experiences transform into knowledge. This theory gives emphasize that different experiences of people can create different knowledge which can be use in their daily lives. Theoretical Knowledge Vs. Practical Knowledge Education plays important role in order for an individual to survive in everyday life. However knowledge came from two way; theoretical knowledge and practical knowledge. Theoretical knowledge came from book-based learning. It helps an individual to understand why a certain technique works and the other one fails. In this learning, an individual can able to learn through the experiences of others. This kind of knowledge can able a person to understand a certain idea through text and study the why behind it. Meanwhile, practical knowledge means gather learning from direct experiences. In this form of knowledge, a person can able to have an in-depth knowledge in certain idea due to personal experience. It is said that, a person can able to remain the knowledge from personal encounter or experiences for a long period of…show more content…
Practical Knowledge Education plays important role in order for an individual to survive in everyday life. However knowledge came from two way; theoretical knowledge and practical knowledge. Theoretical knowledge came from book-based learning. It helps an individual to understand why a certain technique works and the other one fails. In this learning, an individual can able to learn through the experiences of others. This kind of knowledge can able a person to understand a certain idea through text and study the why behind it. Meanwhile, practical knowledge means gather learning from direct experiences. In this form of knowledge, a person can able to have an in-depth knowledge in certain idea due to personal experience. It is said that, a person can able to remain the knowledge from personal encounter or experiences for a long period of time. This concept of knowledge provides an understanding about the difference of people who gain knowledge from theoretical and from practical. This concept is important in this study in order to differentiate the knowledge of shift managers from two different medium: college education and work
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