Dark remote settings, maniacal events, mental and physical torment, and robust language containing treacherous meanings are ingredients that encompass the Gothic style. Edgar Allan Poe’s short story, “The Fall of the House of Usher”, demonstrates how he adopts components of the Gothic style as a way to deliver fear to the narrator and the reader. As the narrator, we are never given his name, views the House of Usher for the first time, he is absorbed with despair as a result of the spectacle before him. “I looked
Gothic Elements in the “The Tell Tale Heart” The classic short story of “The Tell-Tale Heart”, written by one of the all time masters of horror, Edgar Allen Poe, has always been used as an excellent example of Gothic fiction. Edgar Allen Poe specialized in the art of gothic writing and wrote many stories that portrayed disturbing events and delved deeply into the minds of its characters. In "The Tell-Tale Heart," Poe revolves the plot around a raving individual who, insisting that he is sane, murders an old man because of his` “vulture eye”. The three main gothic elements that are evident in this story are the unique setting, the theme of death and decay, and the presence of madness. Unlike many other works of gothic fiction, this story does not take place in your typical abandoned monastery, haunted house or ominous castle.
An air of gloom, anguish and despair, with a hint of melancholy and a feathery apparition haunting the mind of a young scholar who is burdened by bereaved love and has secluded himself behind his chamber door, in a room full of bittersweet memories. Such is the work of Edgar Allan Poe, specifically, that of The Raven. Published on the 29th of January 1845, The Raven instantly became a hit and Poe’s most famous work. Oftentimes when discussing the gothic genre, many may immediately think of Poe, but in which sense is his work truly gothic? In the Raven, Poe conforms to a plurality of conventions characterised as typically gothic in order to effectively illustrate what effect the loss of a loved one can have on the mind.
The symbols within the stories of these great writers revealed the impending darkness and gloom that characterized Dark Romanticism. The symbols from “The Fall of the House of Usher," written by Edgar Allan Poe, and “Young Goodman Brown,” written by Nathaniel Hawthorne, sought to use Dark Romanticism to illuminate the mixture of good and evil in human nature. Dark Romanticism is a form of writing that consists of human nature, sins, death, and an abundance of evil to create fearful images that toy with the emotions of its readers. Edgar Allan Poe, a professional at creating such stories, used symbols within his stories to further his Gothic Romantic theme. In the short story, “The Fall of the House of Usher,” Poe wrote, “I know not how it was – but, with the first glimpse of the building, a sense of insufferable gloom pervaded my spirit.
Her passion for the esoteric and the sensational did not seem to have left when she wrote Wuthering Heights. Indeed, to an unwary reader Wuthering Heights, a wild, passionate and haunting novel set in the bleak moors of Yorkshire, will appear almost like a specimen of a Gothic novel” (88). The setting of a dark castle, isolated and haunted, is typical in the Gothic fiction. Bhattachayya continues by pointing out that the atmosphere of Bronte’s novel is “suggestive of an uncanny Gothic atmosphere” (88). Considering the title, the reader can realize how important the setting is not only for the story itself as well as for the author.
The gothic villain in modern gothic novel develops and takes a variety of possibilities. In Rebecca, there is no specific gothic villain, multiple characters have a gothic villain quality, it is not easy to determine which one of them is the gothic villain. If we consider Mrs. de Winter as the helpless heroine, so the gothic villain is the one who peruses or threats her and this includes: Rebecca, Mrs. Danvers, and even Maxim. Starting with Rebecca , though she does not appear in the whole novel as a living character but she is considered as a gothic villain in a shape of ghost who haunts the heroine and makes her in a state of horror and risk. Rebecca is described as a demonic character by Maxim: I hated her, I tell you, our marriage was a farce from the very first.
These murders are only thought of and happen because of supernatural occurrences. Poe’s poems, since they are romantic, are always dark and revolve around death and torture. Poe’s writings are gothic and the plots of gothic literature are always about murder, funerals, and torture. “Above all was the sense of hearing acute. (The narrator) heard all things in the heaven and in the earth.
In the novel Dracula, author Bram Stoker creates a peculiar situation that pushes the main characters to decipher the supernatural from reality. Originally thought of as a myth, Dracula quickly becomes something more than the supernatural. By slowly building the conflict of Dracula himself, Stoker depicts all stages of the change from believing that Dracula is a fictitious character to being face to face with Dracula himself. As he terrorizes the lives of the characters in the novel, they soon come to the realization that Dracula is more than what they formerly believed, and in actuality he is their harsh reality. As Jonathan found himself lying in a hospital bed after being held prisoner by Dracula, he was thought to be delirious by his doctors and nurses.
“ The Fall of the House of Usher “ by Edgar Allan Poe is a short story about a man named Roderick Usher who initiates some events such as evoking his friend The Narrator as a protagonist to the dreadful mansion. The images such as the house and gothic ambience are used to reinforce the idea of giving the mystery to the reader. Edgar Allan Poe uses gothic elements to show how they affect the atmosphere and the characters. In the beginning , the gothic atmosphere of the house is indicated with terrifying images such as “ dull, dark and soundless ” that the feeling of horror vaccinated into reader by the thoughts of the narrator. Additionally , the house that the narrator mentions is illustrated as “ mansion of gloom “ which might be a sign that the aura of the house has something dreadful in it.
What makes this novel a gothic novel is spooky Gothic features such as; imprisonment, dark stairways, stormy weather, nightmares, extreme conditions of landscapes, melancholy characters, moonlight and candles, torture and excessive cruelty, necrophilia, a supernatural presence like ghost, madness, maniacal behavior, communication between the living and the dead, gloomy atmosphere, troubled family line, and tyrannical fathers, incest relations. All the characters in this novel are driven by their lust, passion, desire and ambition from the very beginning to the very end of the novel. The tragic anti-hero of Wuthering Heights, Heathcliff, is completely an archetypal Gothic character. He is mysterious, dark and extremely dangerous. He is wholly dependent on revenge for recalled past wrongs and his passion is all-consuming.