C. Holden Caulfield as an Archetypal Picaro The works of the Swiss psychiatrist Carl Gustav Jung supplied the writers with “archetypal images” which were considered to be “universal images”. “The main ideas of Jung integrates on the collective unconscious that contains the `depot` of the archetypes or stereotypes which are perceived in a similar way nationally or sometimes even globally”( Berezhna 26). So when a literary work is analyzed through the archetypal images it is significant to comprehend that those are not personal opinions of the author but universal, archaic patterns and images that derive from the collective unconscious. In literature, archetypes like the mother, the father, the trickster or in our case especially important, the
In the novel The Catcher in the Rye by J.D. Salinger we read about a young man, Holden Caulfield, freshly kicked out of yet another high school and highly opinionated about his views of society. We learn about his views as he walks around New York around Christmas time, not wanting to face his parents so soon after being kicked out of school. Some of Holden's views on society include; phony people are bad, and there needs to be more protection of the innocence in the world, Holden has the right to worry and want change for each of these topics, yet he worries about them in a level that is completely unhealthy. Holden's views include that phoniness should be eradicated from society. Holden is happy when people don't try to glorify phony people:
J.D. Salinger’s The Catcher in The Rye is fueled by Holden Caulfield, historically America’s most controversial fictional character. The skepticism, the belief in the purity of the soul against the tawdry actions of this boy inspires many teenage readers. But what is wrong with him? What makes him the rebel that he is?
Good Will Hunting and Catcher in the Rye are similar in many ways. They both take place in New York, the main characters grew up in rough conditions, and the stories focus on growth of both Will and Holden. Will Hunting and Holden Caulfield are similar in their ways of compulsive lying and their love of helping others. Will Hunting is an orphan with no known family. Yet, when he starts to date Skylar, he claims to have 12 brothers.
An outcast is a term typically used to describe a person that isn't widely accepted by normal members of society. In the story The Catcher in the Rye, main character Holden Caulfield struggles with being a normal, functioning member of society. In fact, he often rejects being one by his own device. Holden rejects many social norms, including things like trying not to mature, not adapting to any social situation and watching other people doing things while he doesn't, and just his overall awkward nature. He does most definitely not succeed in his rebellion towards society.
Lastly, Holden feeling the need to protect the world and save the next generation relates to the song “Demons,” by Imagine Dragons. They both exhibit the desire to prevent the world from conforming to the evils of the world. In the novel, Holden goes to Phoebe's school and notices that someone wrote “Fuck you” on the wall so he erased it thinking that he is doing right so the other kids don't see it and start asking questions. He notices it written again on the wall and gets frustrated. He then says, “It’s hopeless, anyway.
In the play A Man for all Seasons, Thomas More embarks on an archetypal night journey which leads to him becoming an existential hero. And in the novel Catcher in the Rye, Holden Caulfield is portrayed as an absurd hero who goes on a picaresque journey. This will be proven by looking at what the characteristics of each of the hero classifications are and how the character mentioned fits to this description through his characteristics. First it is important to define what an existential hero is.
Nandan Shastry In the novel, Catcher in the Rye, by J.D. Salinger, the main character Holden Caulfield struggles with many internal and external conflicts that change his attitude on life and how he approaches and confronts various situations. Throughout the novel Holden is always labeling people and situations that he disagrees with as phony instead of respecting that someone may have different opinion than him and it might be right. At the conclusion of the novel Holden is faced with the questions of whether he will apply himself when he goes to school that coming fall. He replies that he wants to but will never know until that time has come.
While many argue that Holden Caulfield from The Catcher in the Rye does not deviate from the traditional anti-hero attributes and, therefore, does not display any prominent change, an argument can be made to the contrary. Holden Caulfield goes through some noticeable character development and is in a better place emotionally at the end of the book because he speaks with Phoebe. His meeting with Phoebe and Phoebe’s message to him shows him a youth’s perspective on his world, rather than the superficial sincerity of his elderly professor and his favorite teacher that makes advances on him. Additionally, him being able to successfully communicate with a member of his own family puts him in a better place. His time with her lets him see his own self-image of a “catcher in the rye.”
People experience life in a plethora of different ways. Loneliness and isolationism are main causes of depression; moreover, there are many stories that show the tragic effects of loneliness. For example, Holden’s story resembles Robin Williams’ tragic decline into depression and eventually suicide. Robin Williams, an emphatic and loved actor who was “larger than life”, but due to severe loneliness and isolation, he fell into a deep depression. Robin lived a great and happy life; however, a disease called Parkinson’s ravaged his entire life.
Family isolation can cause depression and sadness for a teenager. In the novel Catcher in the Rye, the author makes the reader follow the main character, Holden Caulfield around New York. Holden has just gotten kicked out of another school and decides to go around New York without telling his parents. Over the course of his journey, he tries to find himself and where he is going in life. He starts to go downhill as is past starts to haunt him and he starts to think about the future.
Elizabeth Ross, a Swiss-American author wrote, “The most beautiful we've known are those who have known defeat, struggles, loss, and have found their way out of the depths.” In order to survive in the world we must realize that growing up comes with having to face your fears. The protagonists in John Knowles, Elie Wiesel, and J.D. Salinger books either fear losing their identity to cruelty, change, or their best friend. These fears tend to be the evil that the characters live with and shape their lives. What they do not get is that every adolescent endures evil; how they handle this will cause them to mature.
Throughout centuries humans have felt melancholy it's what makes us so distinct we are able to feel we are able to express. This all correlates down to not just the adult, but teenagers as well nowadays faced with such stress it's a miracle that we have gone this far. In addition, in the current era teens are hit with more obstacles than ever before. Ranging from school work, work, social groups, family, etc juggling it all is overwhelming. It's not surprising that rates of clinical depression has risen 1 in 5 teens (according to Mental Health America).