Petrarch: Humanism Within Renaissance Art Francesco Petrarca, commonly anglicized as Petrarch, was an Italian scholar and poet in Renaissance Italy, who was one of the earliest humanists. He is often credited for initiating the 14th-century Renaissance due to his humanistic observations displayed in his many letters and sonnets composed during his lifetime. Because of his eagerness to rail against the conditions of his era through his poems and other written compositions, Petrarch is often considered the founder of Humanism. This philosophical system that emphasizes the value of humanity has been the driving force to improvisation of critical thinking throughout the ages. Many of these humanistic ideas that Petrarch conveyed throughout the beginning of the Renaissance not only inspired many modern idealisms, but also influenced many artists and poets to begin showcasing their unique pieces reflecting the overall form.
LOVE IN COMMEDIA In the Medieval ages, the lyric poem had three main themes: “loss and exile”, “love” and “religion”. The one that matters us to most in Dante’s Commedia being love, it can be said that the concept of love at the time, wasn’t associated with the understanding of “romantic love” that now we have come to love and use in majority of literary pieces. At the time, marriage was mostly considered to be just a business deal that one participate in so that one can assume a title and improve his/her economical status. In the circumstances, men and women were encouraged, in a sense, to have relationships with other people, outside their marriages. In other words, marriage had almost nothing to with romantic love and that’s why the theme
The main ideas of the Enlightenment were reason, individualism, Fraternity, and skepticism. These main Enlightenment ideas triggered many goals for the French Revolution throughout the Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizens. These goals were equality in all men, religious toleration, freedom of speech, and promotion Democracy. Throughout all the Enlightenment ideas and goals of the French Revolution, Napoleon did uphold Enlightenment ideas through the Napoleonic Code, but he mostly betrayed Enlightenment ideas because of when he declared himself an Emperor and when he disposed his fellow monarchs and appointed members of his family/friends to those posts. The Enlightenment sparked and altered many future events because of its significant ideas.
This book took place during the Renaissance. The renaissance were considered to be the cultural rebirth of Europe. The many arts of life were important including, painting and literature. This really shows in the book because it is very focused on painting and art. Juan expresses many times that painting is interesting to him, but never was supposed to do it, due to slavery.
An Interesting Union of Kingdoms In Shakespeare’s play Henry V, the union of England and France were beneficial to both countries. King Henry V desired to obtain rule of France, especially since he believed to be a rightful heir. King Charles of France would not content easily with Henry, but eventually he realized the union was for the best. The two great kingdoms were united not only by Henry’s rule, but also by the marriage of Henry and Princess Kathrine of France. King Henry believed he was entitled to the throne of not only England but also France.
Like many art paintings created during the Renaissance in Florence. It is equally sacred and worldly wise. Its portrays the Trinity of God Father, Christ the son and Holy Ghost that is represented by a white dove and it is also utilized as a commercial portray of the patron. However the characteristic that makes it one of the supreme Renaissance artworks of the 15th century that is its use of one point linear view is that perspective was linked with the perception and the study of vision. But a graphic technique only properly discovered during the Early Renaissance to paint to potential of this new technique.
The poem is a long and narrative one, in which he talks about Medieval period including Paganism & Christianity, he was interested in Romanticism hence Love was a topic he mentioned in the poem, Nature, Magic, Legends and Rebels were also present which encompasses the whole story in the poem. Keats admired Shakespeare and he read Shakespeare’s work insightfully, illustrating the greatness of Shakespeare 's creativity. Keats describes this genius as "Negative Capability". It is the idea that man is capable of being in uncertainty or doubt without striving to change this condition through searching for conclusions or reasons or it could the ability to contemplate the world without the desire to try and reconcile contradictory aspects or fit it into closed and rational
There are some influences of other Elizabethan authors. In this journal we can thrash out the influences of Shakespeare and Machiavelli in the tragedy, The duchess of malfi. The Machiavellian note in the play: Niccolo Machiavelli was a statesman who flourished in Florence during the years 1469-1527.His book the PRINCE was the most popular work of the time and had wide influence . His doctrine may be thus summarized: (1) One should not allow oneself to be hampered by any kind of moral considerations in the pursuit
His methods in this procedure were highly controversial, and included half-truths In this way, he “greatly influenced the romantic view of Beethoven”, to the delight of the incoming Romantic composers who probably accepted Schindler’s writings and did not question its validity It will come as little surprise then that Beethoven might not have particularly appreciated Napoleon Bonaparte and his conquests (Perhaps a case could be made for the Emperor concerto as a protest against Bonaparte’s conquest or even for the concerto as demonstrating the valor of Austrian resistance — also an empire at the time — due to its heroic theme.) In a letter to his editors, Beethoven recounts how these events affected him: "During this time we lived in a really oppressive embarrassment [...] The course of events on the whole has had at home its repercussions physically and morally I still can not even enjoy this life in the country so indispensable to me [...] What an exhausting and devastating life around me; Nothing but drums, cannon, human miseries of all kinds." 3 At this moment in time, it is clear to even a casual observer that whatever respect the composer once held for Napoleon, if it had not already dissipated, was blasted away by the cannons invading the
Surrealism started right after the Dada movement ended, although Surrealism wasn’t on negation but rather on positive expression. This art movement had rationalised the European culture and politics in the past that had accompanied in the first World War. A huge influential poet and critic within this movement also known as a big spokesman for this movement is Andre Breton, who published ‘The Surrealist Manifesto’ in 1924. Surrealism had a thing to reunite the conscious and the unconscious experiences to complete the world of dream and fantasy which one day the two terms would join and in a rational world in would be reality, a surreality. Within theories got from Sigmund Freud, Breton found that the unconscious was the wellspring of the imagination.
The notation that museums replaced rituals of the church has a lot to do with museums being social institutions that try to produce a better life on earth rather than on in the afterlife. Unlike some religious institutions, museums have being able to adapt to historical circumstances and changing their vision of what creates a better future. This ideal of creating a better future was an influence of the Enlightenment period and has continued through to present day. During the enlightenment period, many theologians and philosophers were writing their perfect models of utopian civilizations the three most favored models were by J.V. Andrea, Tomasso Campanella, and Francis Bacon.
Some colonial gentleman even changed their religious beliefs to reflect European ideas that God only played an indirect affair with humans. Educated colonists were especially interested in the new ideas that showed the Age of Enlightenment what it really was. How did the Glorious Revolution affect colonial politics? • The dethroning of King James in England and at the end of the Dominion of New England showed all of the success of the representative government over dictatorship. Colonists came to see their legislatures as colonial alternatives of parliament on its own.
Beethoven soon idolized Napoleon and what the French Revolution stood for, individual freedom. The once repressed Beethoven then began to express his rage and other emotions into his music into many political symphonies like Bonaparte (Erocia), named after Napoleon (Kerman & Tomlinson 225). What was unique about Beethoven’s music was the fact that it was centered around the feelings and spirit of the composer, which was unlike much of the classical music before his time. It was almost as if Beethoven was starting his own revolution. Beethoven’s self-expression music was said to be the start of Romanticism age in music because of how it centered around personal passions, instead of pleasing God or audiences.
He combined both of these concepts in his work and believed that humans have great intellectual power and should have the opportunities to use their abilities to the fullest. Petrarch and Dante had similar humanist beliefs and displayed them clearly in their works; however, Petrarch disregarded the religious views of Dante and did not refer to them for inspiration. Petrarch did not appreciate Dante’s older philosophy and sought out a new method of thinking; “This novelty, the great conquest and the profound divergence from aesthetics and the mental orientation of the Middle Ages, explains most clearly Petrarch’s attitude towards Dante. It was the natural reaction or, one would say, the revolt of those who start a new way of thinking or a new taste against the previous
American Romanticism emerged after America gained it’s independence from Britain. The movement began in Europe and quickly spread across the world. As American literature and art transitioned from Puritanism to Romanticism, God and religion were not the main ideas of these things anymore. Romantic pieces tended to focus on the beauty of nature, imagination, and emotion. Authors like Henry Longfellow would write uplifting romanticized pieces.