As dementia is a neurodegenerative disease, individuals diagnosed with dementia face frustration and difficulty functioning in their day to day lives. Family caregivers face similar frustration in assisting their loved one in everyday tasks. Informal care giving is a demanding responsibility and experience on family members. Psychological demands, physical demands, time demands, emotional demands are necessary to meet the needs of their loved one with dementia, therefore experiencing burn out and related emotions is quite common. Furthermore, family caregivers who may experience depressive symptoms can be less capable in managing the behavioural symptoms of dementia (Takai, Takahashi, Iwamitsu, Oishi, & Miyaoka 2011).
Nursing Theorists and their Theory 1.Florence Nightingale- Nightingale’s theory of the Environment is mainly focused on the environment, she believed that, the environment has a great importance that can be used to improve and encourage healing. With proper ventilation, clean air, lack of noise , proper lighting, and adequate elimination of waste. Are a few factors she believed and can be observed and maintained. 2.Sister Calista Roy- Roy’s Theory is based on, in which the individual views biopsychosocial being, in which a person adapt with the constant change of the environment.
It is noticed that this model of nursing has gained significant success and popularity among the individuals but some issues are related to the appropriateness of this assessment tool. Timmins & Kelly (2008) argued that this model serves as a checklist. Moreover, the association of the model with the healthcare is also criticised because it is very hospital and medical oriented. While some of the critics stated that activities of living are based on physical aspect due to which patients might face problem in performing these activities. However, some of the criticism has been raised regarding the model and its implementation in the nursing it is still considered as the most effective model to be used because of its simplicity and effectiveness.
It also provided the use of critical thinking and clinical judgment on how to prevent falls, support, and be accountable for a client professionally. The practical knowledge I have learned helped me become aware of assessing and assisting a client. As a nurse, our job is to provide “safe, compassionate, competent and ethical care” (p.8) and collaborate as an interprofessional team to deliver safe care and prevent risks from happening while offering quality nursing care (CNA, 2017). I will always provide the professional care under the code of ethics to promote health and wellness for an older adult and prevent risks from happening. As well as following the plan of care, use communication strategies, be aware, acknowledge, and accommodate individuals with different diseases such as with dementia, to promote fall prevention strategies (RNAO, 2017).
From OBRA-87, I learn that health care providers need to partnership with nursing, activities staff, and other departments in order to provide effective services to patients when working in nursing home facilities. I also learn that Ross’s five stages technique can help patients to reestablish the likelihood of an automatic, habitual response, and restore environmental interaction. By utilizing the Ross’s five stages method in certified nursing facilities, residents will be able to maintain and improve their ability to complete
In this report I am going to assess ways in which different types of dementia affect an individual and also the individual’s family and friends. Due to the symptoms and consequences of dementia, a major impact on individual is the feeling of insecurity and the loss of confidence in themselves and their abilities. This can increase a sense of loss of control which in turn may result in the individuals doubting themselves and losing trust in their own judgements. These problems are made worse by the reaction of the people around them that are closest to them, such as friends and family and colleagues will begin to respond to them differently and not treat them in the same way as before.
Ways of Knowing Related to Nursing Theory Emily Amstutz University of Missouri Kansas City MSN FNP Program Abstract Carper (1978) presents four fundamental ways of knowing that have been developed from emerging patterns in the discipline of nursing: (a) empirical way of knowing, (b) esthetic way of knowing, (c) personal knowledge, and (d) ethics. As a registered nurse, I primary utilize the empirical way of knowing in my practice because it is science based and encourages logical decision-making skills. The four fundamental ways of knowing apply to nursing theory by: Keywords: empirical, esthetics, personal knowledge, ethics, ways of knowing, Ways of Knowing Related to Nursing Theory
This study can lead to focusing on more specific sectors of care such as a dementia care unit. My focus on nursing homes and assisted living facilities could easily be mimicked in home care, hospitals, hospice and other avenues of caring for sick or elderly people. Awareness found through the practice of research is a helpful way to improve health care for people of all ages and
Several medical interventions have benefited the patients very little and are prolonging their suffering. Although heroic measures could save people from death, the patients’ suffering with Alzheimer’s still continues. Heroic measures might help in the meantime, but cannot change the patient 's fate with this incurable disease. Alzheimer’s disease slowly drains the quality of life of the patient.
Dorothea Orem’s Theories Dorothea Orem was an extravagant nursing theorist whose theories were first published in 1971 (Dorothea Orem 's Self-Care Theory, 2014). Orem established several fascinating theories of nursing which are still are current in today’s nursing. Orem proposed three nursing theories that are identified as: self-care theory, theory of Self-care deficit and theory of nursing system (Dorothea Orem 's Self-Care Theory, 2014). Orem’s nursing theories are defined as a grand theory (Nursing Theories: An Overview, 2014). Grand theory is defined as an abstract outline under which the key conceptions and values of the discipline can be acknowledged (Nursing Theories: An Overview, 2014).
My Personal Philosophy and Values of Nursing Nursing is proving care, support, and serve people who are in need. The purpose of nursing is to improve patient 's health condition to a better life. The goal of this paper is to explain my personal philosophy and clarify some of my values of nursing. Personal Philosophy
Self-Transcendence in Alzheimer’s Disease: The Application of Theory to Practice Abstract The middle-range nursing theory of self-transcendence may be applicable to individuals in the early stages of Alzheimer’s disease. Full cognitive ability may not be necessary for the essential principles of this theory to be implemented. The theory can offer guidance to families and health care providers in attempting to facilitate a meaningful aging process.
Tom Kitwood (1997) cited in (The Open University, 2017) supports the approach of seeing and treating people as individuals, he calls this ‘person-centred care’. This approach looks at the physical, social and psychological needs of the individual. Person-centred care encourages people to have more involvement in making decisions about their care so they get the support and service they need. There are three main types of long-term care settings such as residential care homes which offer different degrees of personal care, Nursing homes offer care which requires the skills of qualified nursing staff and long-stay hospitals which offer a more specialised medical care. (The Open University, 2017).
As nurses, we continue to gain knowledge and skills within our area of practice. We use theories to help us build concepts or ideas in gathering information, explaining relationships and demonstrating experiences of development. Theories vary in their level of abstraction and scope. Nursing theories are beneficial in helping us to understand, organize our thoughts and influence practice and research. Nursing theory has three distinct types to describe the level of abstraction: Grand, Middle-Range, and Situation-Specific (Meleis, 2012, pg. 33). For example, Grand theory is relatively abstract and broad in scope. It tends to focus on the nature or goal of nursing. The situation-specific theory is a narrow range of concept that is specific to