When Thoreau states in his opening line “that government is best which governs not at all” it sounds like the motto of the modern day Republican Party. Someone who refuses to pay taxes because of the actions of the government. For Thoreau it was the Mexican-American War and slavery. Today, it could be a Republican not wanting to pay taxes because the government will waste it on Obamacare or some welfare program. What is ironic is that Thoreau’s “Civil Disobedience” for much of the 19th century was ignored.
At the beginning of the essay, it introduced logos to explain Henry’s reasoning to the audience why his action was necessary. Henry didn’t pay his poll tax, which would go directly to the government. He didn’t like the government involvement
Civil disobedience is the refusal to comply with certain laws or to pay taxes and fines, as a peaceful form of political protest. Civil disobedience can have a huge impact on others. It is a way to pave the way for any type of change that may be needed. In Malala Yousafzai’s speech and in Martin Luther King Jr.’s A Letter from Birmingham City Jail, they explain why civil disobedience is sometimes necessary inorder to spread news about an issue people do not care about and to convince people that are against an issue.
Throughout the writing of “Civil Disobedience,” Thoreau often referred back to his idea that he supported which was “That government is best which governs not at all.” (Thoreau) In the passage, Thoreau believed that the government does not have a conscience. He talked about not wanting to pay the government poll tax, which in result, caused him to be thrown into jail. A poll tax is just a tax on a person for existing, therefore, everyone had to pay the same amount regardless of the value of their possessions.
The Americans faced taxes such as the Sugar Act, Stamp Act and Townshend Act due to Britain having to make up for the money they had lost to war. The people of America essentially felt that Britain was being unreasonable “for imposing taxes on us without our consent”. The taxes were passed by Parliament in which there were no American representation. This lead to Americans protesting the taxes that lacked representation and the Virginia House of Burgess stating that "the taxation of the people by themselves, or by persons chosen by themselves to represent them... is the only security against a burdensome taxation, and [is] the distinguishing characteristic of British freedom". The Stamp Act caused Americans to protest and refuse to buy or import British goods.
Americans going west ran into Mexican territory, where settlement was cheap. These settlers moved in and outnumbered the Mexicans six to one, because of this, tensions arouse. Although the United States war against Mexico may be viewed as controversial, the war was just due to the Mexican government refusing to hear an offer, the boundary dispute, and the 16 American soldiers killed. The new president of Mexico, Jose Joaquin de Herrera, refused all negotiation with the United States which called for an excusable war.
Civil Disobedience plays much significance into current American values. Throughout the country, there are many non-violent protests that take place against the government due to the decisions that are being made. If an individual believed the government was not doing their job, they could disobey the law to prove their point, much like Thoreau. Thoreau displayed his act of civil disobedience by
Politicians from the Northeast felt they would lose political power in Congress if the United States admitted more states into the union. Attempts to expand further into Mexico were put to a stop as racism began to come into play. The abolitionists also opposed expansion, particularly if it would bring slave territories into the union. Pacifists became gravely concerned with the casualties of expansion and opposed its violence. Most people
Thoreau believed that citizens had no obligation to obey a higher law if it went against their belief system. Thoreau encouraged others to do as he did and not pay the taxes to a government
Civil Disobedience In the dictionary civil disobedience is the refusal to comply with certain laws or to pay taxes and fines, as a peaceful form of political protest, but Thoreau and Martin Luther King have their own beliefs to civil disobedience. In Thoreau’s “Civil Disobedience” he writes about the need to prioritize one’s conscience over the dictates of laws. Martin Luther King uses civil disobedience as something that effectuates change in the government. Both Thoreau and Martin Luther King has similar yet different perspectives on civil disobedience.
Although, King did not use destructive force to get his point across, he did break some laws. King refused to take no for answer. He wanted to diminish slavery in America and would take excessive measures to make it happen. Instead of expressing his thoughts through violence, he obtained attention by protesting the Jim Crow Laws in a parade. King was thrown in jail for disobeying a junction that his group was not allowed in.
The first reason why American were not justified in going to war with Mexico was the fact that Mexico did not accept the annexation of Texas. Americans decided that Texas was free to annex because of Santa Ana signing the treaty and losing the battles(Document B).However Mexico did not accept this and was in the mindset that their land was still their land (Document D). I feel that Mexico was justified in this sense because what Santa Anna did is like someone making a
Some wonder what Civil Disobedience is and what it is all about. Civil Disobedience is an effective, selfacknowledged denial to obey certain laws, requirements and orders of the government or an occupying worldwide power. Around in 1846 a man named Henry David Thoreau wrote an essay over Civil Disobedience. He wrote this while he sent the night in jail because he had failed to pay 6 years worth of delinquent poll taxes(Resistance to Civil Government) . He would bicker with the people saying he couldn’t pay the funds that helped to assist the US government 's war with Mexico, nor could he pay a government that still allowed slavery in its Southern states.
In addition, the Articles prohibited Congress from regulating commerce which meant inhibited foreign trade and a weak national economy. Therefore, the Constitution solved this problem by giving Congress the right to regulate interstate
Even though the Mexican encouraged the settlers to free the slaves, but the settlers refused(Source). The American settlers also took part in the mission system. Another law the American settlers broke was trying to convert the catholic nation into protestant. The Catholics did not have a good reputation because people were worried that the pope could lead to a dictation. Also,