INTRODUCTION Infection Prevention and Control (IPC) is one of the most important agents in the prevention of hospital acquired infections or what we termed nosocomial infections. IPC channels every member of the hospital, which includes, healthcare providers (HCP), patients and the hospitals perse. It is important to practice IPC commandment to every hospital as well as community. The Palestinian Ministry of Health (MOH) adopted the national IPC protocol.
The primary prevention is the best way to eliminate the potential for exposure. Since hand washing is the most effective mean of spread of infection, it would be my primary goal to increase the compliance of hand hygiene among healthcare workers, but also an extensive education of patients and family members on hand washing before and after touching the patient as well as afar any contact with any potentially contaminated materials (surface, body fluids or respiratory secretions). Mandatory education of patients, visitors and healthcare workers, across the system as well as cross department compliance practices are single best mean of preventing the spread of infection. For example, every patient and family member can be educated about hand hygiene, use of PPE-personal protective equipment (face mask, gowns and gloves). Although, the practices are already being utilized, I believe the compliance is poorly monitored.
Through the learning from week 1 and week 2, I have learnt that the most frequent adverse event in health-care delivery is health care-associated infections. It is essential for us to follow the infection control practices that both patients and us are at a risk of being infected. Standard Precautions involve the use of safe work practices and protective barriers, for example, the use of personal protective equipment(PPE). At first, I think Standard Precautions are very easy. Everyone knows PPE can protect us from infections and hand hygiene is important throughout the process.
So, what is the definition of health care associated infections? They are infections that patients acquire while being hospitalized to receive treatment for their conditions either medical or surgical. Many of the HCAIs are preventable. In the modern healthcare, there are many types of invasive procedures that is used to treat patients to help them recover, also some devices are used, and all can be a potential risk for transmitting an infection to the patient while receiving the treatment.
For central line-associated bloodstream infection, some of the evidenced based preventative measures include: a) hand washing, b) use of maximal barriers protection during catheter insertion, c) the use of chlorhexidine for skin preparation d) removal of catheter when no longer necessary, and e) wipe catheter access ports with alcohol when in use for injection or aspiration (National Guideline Clearinghouse, 2012). Joint Commission and other accredited hospital agencies are working their best to prevent healthcare-associated infections. Poor compliance with infection prevention practices among healthcare workers are common, but it is important that the nurses comply with these practices. Patient safety is the number one goal and we as nurses should keep this in mind when giving care to
The healthcare-acquired infections get much attention from the Joint Commission due to their frequent occurrence (Chinn, 2014). The focus is given to hand hygiene and protocols to address specific infections (Chinn, 2014). The infections cited include reducing central line bloodstream infections, surgical site infections, multi-drug resistant organisms, and catheter-associated urinary tract infections (Chinn, 2014). In the article’s discussion
The infections cited include reducing central line bloodstream infections, surgical site infections, multi-drug resistant organisms, and catheter-associated urinary tract infections (Chinn, 2014). In the article’s discussion of how this applies to practical daily application, the author discussed the number one way to
For instance, Rifampin, an antibiotic used to treat Tuberculosis, Neisseria meningitidis- also known as Meningitis- or infections in the nose and throat. Another treatment is a vaccine known as Bacillus Calmette- Guerin to prevent T.b. or to heal bladder tumors or bladder cancers. “It wasn’t that all these infectious diseases had simultaneously changed to be less deadly (Humphries/ Bystrianyk 15). It was the environment in which they had existed had shifted from one where they were very often deadly to one where they were they were not a significant threat (Humphries/ Bystrianyk 15).
The preventive care is usually diverse especially when it comes to controlling the roundworms in places which are not good with hygiene. Most of the nurses usually advise the patients to stay in clean environments in order to prevent them from contamination (prevention, 2016). This is because the preventive measure which is taken are considered to be better than the cure methods. In the prevention of roundworms, the nurses play a very big role in ensuring that the conditions are mitigated completely.
The first element identified for the safety goal is staff and patient education on surgical site infection. Staff at my facility must undergo mandatory training upon hire and yearly regarding policies, procedures and protocols that need to be strictly adhered to in the prevention of surgical site infection. Patient’s are educated prior to surgery during the preoperative phone call and asked to bathe the morning of the surgery or the night before using antibacterial soap. For total joint procedures there are additional steps in the
One of the main ways to prevent infection is regular and thorough hand wash-ing. You should wash hands fter using the toilet, after sneezing or blowing your ose, preparing and serving food and always before nd after carrying out care
3. Describe three recommended contact measures that Health care providers (HCPs) can use during an outbreak of food–borne illness, and the benefits of following these measures during an outbreak? 4. Discuss three control measures for MRSA in the healthcare setting and why these measures are important? Session 13: 1.
Staphylococcus epidermidis is an opportunistic pathogen, meaning that they can cause infection more frequently and more easily in persons’ with a weakened immune system such as, HIV patients (CDC, 2015). This organism is seen primarily in nosocomial infections, also known as, hospital-acquired infections (Bukhari, 2004). This means that the organisms favors the hospital environment and is easily passed to a person while they are in the hospital. Ways that a person can get a Staphylococcus epidermidis infection is through IV’s, more commonly in drug users, catheters, and artificial equipment (Bukhari, 2004). Skin-to-skin contact can also be a form of getting this type of infection.
In all areas of healthcare, particularly in acute care settings, patients may be unable to care for their nutritional and/or hygienic needs properly. One area that is especially important to address is the perineal care of patients who are incapacitated, or otherwise unable to care for their hygienic needs independently. Normal bacterial flora can develop into an opportunistic infection if the bacteria reaches certain areas of the body. For example, a common cause of urinary tract infections (UTI) is due to Escherichia coli from the colon coming into contact with the urethra (Copstead & Banasik, 2013). If the patient is immunocompromised, elderly, sedentary, or otherwise compromised in their abilities to void, this can predispose the patient