Countries that have an autocratic leader usually have a group that spreads propaganda that helps make the leader sound better than reality. Animal Farm, written by George Orwell has an example of this. Napoleon is an autocratic leader in charge of a farm and has Squealer spread propaganda about him that makes him seem better by his supposed courage and leadership. In order to rally support for Napoleon, Squealer persuades the animals to believe Snowball is the enemy by using logos and by rewriting history. Squealer used logos to convince the animals that Napoleon is a hero and Snowball is the enemy.
It was assumed the animals with wisdom would govern the farm as shown, "... the pigs, who were manifestly cleverer than the other animals, should decide all questions of farm policy." (ch.5 pg.47) It all clearly points to the fact that all animals (and humans) have different strengths and different jobs and that they are not equal. This is also the case because some of the animals capabilities elevated their status within their society. This inequality sometimes helped the farm by providing a firm government but often lead to harsh mistreatment of many of the animals. The only reason animals often listened to the leader was because he had ferocious dogs protected him and in certain cases he used that power to protect his own interests.
Napoleon ruled animal farm harshly and overworked the animals. Orwell described, “This work was strictly voluntary, but any animal who absented himself from it would have his rations reduced by half” (Orwell 59). The animal’s are given a choice in the sense that if they wanted to, they could have Sundays off. However, the brutal consequences the animals would face if they did not work forced the animals to listen to the pigs. The pigs, who are more intelligent, tricked the animals into thinking they have a choice when in reality they do not.
Propaganda is usually some type of misleading information that is used to promote a certain political view or idea. One crucial part of the propaganda is when the pigs trained the sheep to bleat “Four legs good, two legs bad!” (34 Orwell) at moments when the animals were uneasy about the rules that the pigs were creating. For example, when Napoleon announced that they would begin to engage in trade with other farms
In George Orwell’s book, Animal Farm, Squealer uses propaganda negatively to influence inhabitants of the farm, which is parallel to today with how propaganda deceives people, justifies war, and destroys credibility of a person or nation. In Animal Farm, Squealer, chief propagandist, attempts to convince the animals that their lives under the regime of the animals is better than that of the humans. Squealer tries to convey this message, for example, by telling the animals that the animals would better off if Napoleon made decisions for them. Squealer says, “No one believes more firmly than Comrade Napoleon that all animals are equal. He would be only too happy to let you make your decisions for yourselves.
Have you ever lived in a society that promised many promises but always broke them? Have you ever been lied to? Animal Farm shows how the societies and rulers oppress their citizens without the citizens realising that. It also shows how rulers will always change when they are in power and only work for their personal privilege. In Animal Farm, George Orwell argues that Napoleon has solidified his power by using fear mongering, manipulation, and scapegoating.
Squealer, the propaganda agent uses propaganda in the story as a way to manipulate the animals who are not pigs. He makes them believe everything he and the pigs are doing is for the greater good of the whole farm despite the fact that it is not. Squealer controls them in many ways but the strongest or most apparent are telling the other animals Mr. Jones their neglective abusive owner will come back, lying about Boxer the horse’s death, and finally changing the unalterable commandments into one that reads “All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others”. One of the very first and most used techniques Squealer uses is instilling fear in the animals. He does this by threatening Jones’s return.
This proved to be an ineffective way since the hens were killed by Napoleon after.The animals that tried to protest ended up being killed since the government's power in Animal Farm is corrupt. People can effectively protest by speaking out for what they believe in, and by protesting in the streets so they force change to happen. The context for an effective protest is
In both of these texts written by Orwell, the language can be manipulated as an instrument of control. After Old Major dies the pigs take the meanings of his words toward the rebellion and twist them to fit their behavior and ensure that they’re better than the other animals on the farm. The abuse of language is shown when the pigs changed the seven commandments of animalism to benefit themselves. Some examples of the changed commandments are “No animal shall sleep in a bed with sheets. No animal shall drink alcohol to excess.
However animal farm is about animals rebelling against the farmers which seem to be impractical, gives a greater understanding to prove what Communism is. This can be shown once you read the book. Animal Farm is displayed as the animals being humans and the government. The animals felt that they were not being treated right, so they began to rebel. Animal Farm also talks about what it’s like to live in a communist world.