After reading education in the U.S. from 1770-1900, I learned that Horace Mann established a new system for public schools called "common schools", in which all children (poor or rich) were provided a common body of knowledge that would allow them to have a equal chance in life. Also, I learned that due to the increase of immigrants arriving to Europe, religion (Catholic v.s. Protestant) became a controversial issue in the common schools. After reading education in the U.S. from 1900-1950, I learned that due to limited amount of space in the classroom, many students had to attend school part-time. Second, I learned that schools in the early 1900s began to use progressive techniques in the classrooms instead of following the three R 's, where
Imagine working sixteen hours a day in an unsanitary, dangerous, place for a big business gaining two dollars.This is what laboring-class Americans had to go through during the Gilded age. Politically, the first largest American labor union was formed during the Gilded age and many other organizations formed as well as violent strikes.Socially, different ethnics joined together to share their thoughts and realize the evils of big business and of the federal government. Mentally, most we 're losing their personal life while some were financially stable and glad. During the Gilded Age laboring-class Americans attempted to better their lives in the power of big businesses and the federal government. Many different attempts were taken by the laboring-class Americans but they were more successful uniting to become one. To obtain an eight hour work day, paid sick days, health care, sanitary conditions, and higher pay.
The Civil War not only abolished slavery, but also threw the significant challenge of rebuilding a war-torn nation. Although initiated with the best hopes and intentions, the ‘Reconstruction’ of the USA had collapsed miserably for it had failed to establish a nation with equal rights for all. As a consequence, class discrimination and racial injustice had engulfed the American society. Besides having similarities and differences, the struggles for racial justice in the late 19th century and the struggles for economic justice in the Gilded Age are not only reminders of the failed ideology of the reconstruction, but are also evidence which shows us that the upper class of the society in that era were reluctant about the upward mobility of the poor.
In the 1930s, many white farm owners would pull black students out of school to work for them even if they did not need them. They did this because they did not think they deserved an education. Many students had to drop out of school to work for their family, because the family was not making enough money to live off of. Many of the African Americans that attended school never got past the fourth grade.
The Gilded Age was the time of inventions. This led to Industrialization becoming very popular in America for all social classes, particularly for immigrants and the working class. In “United States Patent and Invention Activity in the 19th Century” it states, “From 1850 to 1910, the number of patents for inventions increased many times over from 2,193 patent applications issued in 1850 to 63,293 applications in 1910.” All of these inventions led to more industries of mass production, and with industries of mass production came more job opportunities that intrigued immigrants to come to America. These immigrants, mainly from Europe, would arrive in urban areas on the east coast of America ready to work.
During the early 1800’s, President Thomas Jefferson effectively doubled the size of the United States under the Louisiana Purchase. This set the way for Westward expansion, alongside an increase in industrialism and overall economic growth. In fact, many citizens were able to thrive and make a better living in the agricultural business than anywhere else. All seemed to be going well in this new and ever expanding country, except for one underlying issue; slavery. Many African Americans were treated as the lowest of the classes, even indistinguishable from livestock.
The elite white men of the newly freed American society, unlike the poor white men, had plenty of time on their hands to contemplate the future of America. Wealth provided these white men time to educate themselves, whereas poor white men must spend this same time laboring to earn money. Elite men imagined of the future that they wanted versus the future that the majority wanted – the future that they believed could be successful versus the future that they believed was doomed to fail. These men used their monetarily-granted free time to develop a greater academically-based understanding of what brought the colonies to their current state. They studied about the ancient republics, analyzed their own previous mother empire, and read the
American capitalists took advantage of the newly-formed poor class and build their empires on the backs of child labor and underpaid, overworked laborers. Therefore, exploitation of capitalism widened the gap between the rich and poor classes of America, and both newly-formed classes developed reasons for the change. But, social unrest caused by this new economy and exploitation would lead to disastrous results in the
The decade between 1890 and 1900 expressed a crucial time in the United States of America’s history. Many people experienced struggles throughout this time while others prospered. Mark Twain suggested that despite the significant achievements of the United States, Americans experienced poverty. This statement is an accurate description of the lively hood people experienced in their daily lives during the Gilded Age whether it was positive or negative. Many people during this time period focused on the positive outcomes that resulted from the Gilded Age such as new inventions, the gospel of wealth, additions of land to the country, urbanization, and middle-class improvements.
Women were now able to work and organize labor unions instead of being a domestic housewife because of the National Women’s Trade Union League founded in 1903. This gave them more opportunities, created more organizations, jobs and higher class careers that improved the economy’s growth and helped with the financial issues. Other resolved problems during the Progressive Era came from the living conditions in cities such as food sanitization, settlements houses, education systems, entertainment and health improvements. Education during this Era was not thriving very well due to poor citizens who could not afford it and the lack of available teachers which made learning very difficult. In 1850 the National Education Associations was founded and it boosted the job opportunities for teachers, professors and students that could get a chance to learn and hold a steady middle class job.
During the “Gilded Age”, America made numerous improvements to the functions and development of society. This was a time of renaissance in the United States, shortly after leaving a state of depression caused by the civil war and the reconstruction of our nation from World War I. We made break thorough advancements and improvements that allowed us to be where we are today. The “Gilded Age” was pivotal to the growth of our nation as a whole and led us to be as developed as we are. The three most important improvements to America through the “Gilded Age” were industrialization, transportation, and the appearance of wealth.
American society went through a rapid transformation from 1870s to 1900 and is referred to as the Gilded Age. Social realities were represented through arts and literature and portrayed a society of the working-class struggles contrasted with rising middle class and the wealthy industrialists. A Rally in Chicago on May 4, 1886 in Haymarket Square ended in tragedy when a bomb went off killing police officers and some participants. Public sympathy turned against Labor leading to the arrest and conviction of the rally organizers.
Background The Economy of United States grown significantly in terms of the number, size and influence in the world trade market. This was the period when the American society went through many changes and new social and economic processes have changed the organization of American society. Mark Twain an observer of Eighteen century have given a name Gilded Age as period in which wealthiest Americans were benefited by the government reforms and policies.
Wealthy people spent their money however they pleased. The middle class struggled during the Gilded Age, their incomes stayed low for many years. That made many middle class people feel less and insecure of themselves. They feared losing their jobs and not being able to pay their houses or afford to see the doctor when sick or injured.