Harper Lee uses Tom Robinson and his trial to show his innocence being destroyed by racial prejudice. Tom Robinson is an innocent black male blamed for raping the daughter of Mr. Ewell. Atticus proves that Tom is innocent but, the jury rejects his claim because of his skin color.
A Mockingbird is considered for someone who displays innocence, kindness and does not want any recognition of the good deeds they do for others. The factors that classify Boo Radley is his morality and his sentiments. In the beginning of the novel, everyone misjudges Boo Radley as a radical and violent man, including Scout and Jem. There were many false allegations made that Boo Radley was in power of killing his father with scissors, poisoned the pecans in his yard, and is chosen to blame for all the “stealthy crimes”, in Maycomb County. For many years Boo has cared dearly for the Finch children.
More importantly, however, Boo was the mysterious figure who saved the Finch children from Bob Ewell’s attack. Because the children did not understand Boo until the end of the story, the way they treated him was based on fear and the stereotypes they learned from the others in the town. Other significant examples of misunderstanding in the book come during the trial of Tom Robinson. After Bob Ewell finds his daughter, Mayella, kissing a black man, Tom Robinson, Mr. Ewell severely beats his daughter and accuses Tom of raping and beating her. Although it is physically impossible for Tom to have attacked Mayella, he is convicted of the crime.
Bob testified accusing Tom of rape, but there was a lot of evidence in the sheriff's testimony to prove that Bob was lying in his testimony, like how the sheriff said that when he heard about Bob's daughter. Bob was expected and sounded happy about it. This evidence shows that Tom is the mockingbird. His innocence is starting to be destroyed, not just by Bob but the jury, and all the white people that are just stereotyping Tom because of his color. In this next quote, this is more in depth on the town of Maycomb and how they stereotype blacks.
Lastly people take Mr.Fowlers side because of Franks innocence in the situation. In a short story called, “Is Innocence Irrelevant”, it talks about about innocence being relevant in criminal situations the author says, “The defendant 's guilt or innocence is at least one vital considerations in determining whether collateral relief should be available to a convicted defendant” (Friendly). Frank had met a girl who he eventually fell in love with named Mary Ann Strout. Mary Ann is soon to be divorced to Richard Strout. Richard finds out about Frank and Mary Ann and murders him.
Mayella Ewell comes from a poor family who is viewed in the Maycomb society as “white trash.” The Finch family has to face harsh criticism in the heavily racist Maycomb because of Atticus decision to help Tom. The soundtrack of the movie is important so the songs I choose are “Strange Fruit”, “Tearin’ up My Heart”, and “Eye of the Sparrow” which are good choices for the soundtrack. The first song I choose is “Strange Fruit” by Billie Holiday. It is a dark profound song about the lynching of African Americans in the southern United States during the Jim Crow Era. It was a protest song that Billie Holiday very rarely performed due to threats.
Mr. Ewell’s wrongdoings lead to the death of Tom Robinson, and later he himself was killed for his unjust actions. The mockingbird was symbolic of Tom’s true, pure heart, and his death was because of nothing but the inequities within society. Mr. Ewell’s sin caused sorrow and horror in Scout’s life, but it also lead to her realization that discrimination was wrong, something that Atticus wished for her to know all along. Further along in the story, Scout’s growth is proved when Atticus suggests sending Boo Radley to trial for killing Bob Ewell. Scout says, “‘Well, it’d be sort of like shootin’ a mockingbird, wouldn’t it?’” (276).
Tom Robinson from the Harper Lee novel, To Kill A Mockingbird, is convicted of a crime that he did not commit. As a field worker, Tom passes the Ewell house almost every day. He assists Mayella, Bob Ewell’s daughter, with small tasks every now and then. When wrongfully arrested, all of Tom’s hopes and dreams are in the hands of Atticus Finch, his defense attorney, and the jury. Ultimately, Tom Robinson best represents the symbol of a mockingbird, meaning innocent, in the text because he does helpful tasks for others and is misunderstood and never means to harm anyone.
The motif of the mockingbird ultimately means innocence. After Radley rescues her, Scout realizes that he is, symbolically, a mockingbird. He is revealed as a friend of the Finches, who, when needed most, appeared and helped them. Atticus’ belief in the letter of the law causes him to advocate for a trial of Jem for the killing Mr. Ewell. However, Jem did not kill him and is innocent.
“‘It ain’t right Atticus.’ said Jem. ‘No son, it’s not right.’” This is an excerpt from the popular story, To Kill A Mockingbird. During this dialogue, Jem’s tears are streaming down his red, angry face as his father Atticus is wearily acknowledging the unjust outcome of the trial of Tom Robinson to his son. This is an excellent example of the loss of innocence in the novel, where Jem is faced with the harsh reality that innocent, good people can be victims of vicious racism. Other examples include Jem’s loss of innocence by Mrs. Dubose, Boo’s loss of innocence by his father, and Scout, Dill, and Jem’s loss of innocence by Dolphus Raymond.
Atticus showed moral courage defending a black man when the people in the courtroom continue to wait for the news of guilty. Lee gave Tom Robinson a sad outcome which leads to courage. In the novel, Atticus stated that Robinson is dead to his sister, Aunt Alexandra, and it created a really depressing and sad mood. Lee made the death sound really horrible and in a way to show moral courage in the characters. Atticus described that the guards “...fired a few shots in the air, then to kill.
When one grows up, it is inevitable they will lose their innocence. Seeing the world through rose colored glasses can only take one so far, and eventually they will have to open their eyes to real issues in their lives. While this happens at different ages for everyone, Atticus in the novel To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee believes that his kids should not be sheltered from the real world. As Scout and Jem, Atticus’ children, grow up, especially in a time where Maycomb is so segregated, Atticus teaches his kids real life lessons and to not become like the rest of their town; racist and judgemental. This comes with a cost, however, as the kids “grow up” at an expedited rate.