Examples Of Intertextuality In Jane Eyre And Wide Sargasso Sea

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‘Writers have always been fascinated by madness, as well as afraid of it’ (Murray 2004). This essay explores various ways in which madness is represented in Charlotte Brontë’s Jane Eyre, first published in 1847, and Jean Rhys’s Wide Sargasso Sea, first published in 1966. This essay gives reference to Michel Foucault and his work with madness and confinement in Madness and Civilisation. Genetic predisposition is analysed in Jane Eyre and Wide Sargasso Sea in relation to madness, as well as what role the narrative voices have in each novel. Furthermore, colours in each novel are discussed with regard to what they symbolise, and perspectives of reality is touched upon with main reference to dreams in each novel. In order to best facilitate this analyses, intertextual theory will be used to reinforce the connection between the two texts via Wide Sargasso Sea filling in the gaps from Jane Eyre. This essay uses Julia Kristeva’s theory of intertextuality. She is the first person to use the term ‘intertextuality’ and saw a connection between meaning and ideology. She states that meaning is not given, it is explained in a social context. In other words, nobody can tell another what a text means because one will have their own meaning to a text. Kristeva also believes that a text is an absorption of another text and a reply to it. Also, an author is regarded as a reader first and then a writer second. Based on the theory mentioned, this essay will apply it to Wide Sargasso Sea and

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