In Emmett Rensin 's Vox article, "The Smug Style in American Liberalism", he criticizes the smug air found within the minds of modern liberals. He lays out the mindset "smug style" as "…a way of conducting politics, predicated on the belief that American life is not divided by moral difference or policy divergence… but by the failure of half the country to know what 's good for them." He gains a sense of ethos in the essay due to his credibility as a liberal writer and cements his reliability using relevant examples to solidify his argument. He plays upon the emotions of his audience with an expert use of pathos with references to real examples of the harsh treatment of people deemed "wrong" by liberals. He also highlights common unflattering traits that are common with the liberal masses.
The book World Order by Henry Kissinger offers an opportunity for the promotion of the understanding of the ground of international harmony and of the global disorder. The book is seeking to answer the question concerning the factors that contribute to the establishment of the world order and determine the relations on the international level. The chapters of the book are devoted to different issues that create in combination a common picture regarding the modern world order. In the Chapter 6 of the book, the author raises a topic of the Asian countries and their influence on the world order. In the chapter, he examines whether the emerging postcolonial eastern countries tend to confront or to create the positive conditions for cooperation
The Rise of Ronald Reagan and Republican Conservatism Conservatism and liberalism are two of the most dominant political philosophies and ideologies during the post-Enlightenment era (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy). As an ideology, conservatism served as a blueprint in the society which promoted the idea of retaining traditional social institutions, beliefs, cultures and discourage social changes. Although the United States of America during the present day promotes liberalism, there was one portion of the country’s history that conservatism was promoted due to several factors. This paper examines the very factors which gave rise to conservatism embodied in the candidacy of Ronald Reagan. The events which happened prior to the rise of conservatism are important factors that need to be determined because such factors contributed to the rise of the ideology.
Roosevelt defends American imperialism by taking America’s national interests into consideration. However, his imperialist approach in foreign policies raises many questions for the audience sitting outside the borders of America. In a nutshell, Roosevelt associates a strong individual to a strong nation. He believes that
He had much confidence that they were entitled just as white Americans to expand their homelands. Fusing an unusual blend of black self-determination with the contemporary black emigration movement, Delany favored the concept of “a nation within a nation.” One could argue that Delany favored a nation within a nation because white Americans felt that enslaved blacks could not own their own lands and expand. Blacks were separated from the white Americans during the antebellum era. However, Delany and Greenberg shared the same ideas regarding expansionism and coexisting. Amy Greenberg’s biggest concern was how the United States had a relationship with the rest of the world.
Classical liberalism is a political ideology, a branch of liberalism which advocates civil liberties and political freedom with representative democracy under the rule of law and emphasizes economic freedom. However, Modern liberalism has made several significant departures from classical liberalism, most significantly resulting from their different views on what exactly constitutes freedom. Classical liberals such as Adam Smith and John Locke believed in the freedom of interference by others, whereas modern liberals see freedom as the right of accessing the opportunities and resources needed to fulfil one's potential. In the economic progress of the nineteenth century, the overall material conditions of society improved remarkably, sharpening
What if we focus on the motives of war to define it? When we disregard the development of weaponry and mechanics, we may be able to view war as a result of pure violence and instinct. By viewing things from such perspective, we may be able say instinct could be considered as factor that led
It is unique in its ability to deal with multiple players, multiple alternatives, and multiple dimensions, alliance decisions, and environmental decisions. It is inherently built on the assumption that policy makers simplify complicated decision problems by first using simple cognitive shortcuts and then applying a more detailed analytic decision calculus to arrive at a choice. (Mintz 2004a, 8) Analysis on study case through this model coming from how Obama criticized the realism perspective foreign policy that has been established in United States as a major factor on ineffectiveness of Foreign aid policy. Through that, the reform of foreign aid policy was created by looking on the benefit of having strength foreign aid policy and reducing the ineffectiveness of foreign aid policy as foreign policy. Withing this, Obama as policy makers using rejecting the latest policy and create alternative form in order to simplify the
This is partly because the liberal system and ideology on which they were and still are founded and developed forces a kind of interdependence which would make war a counterintuitive action for both sides. The neo-liberal, or laissez faire, system of economics used throughout the
Liberal individualism generally functioned as the essential model focusing on the American welfare by separating the difference between entitlement and opportunity liberalism. Opportunity liberalism give citizens the opportunity to work in order to earn an income based on the opportunities provided. However, entitlement liberalism is where citizens believe that they are owed an income just because they are part of the society. This method can only be true as long as everyone is provided the same equal rights. Davies’ “From Opportunity to Entitlement” accounts for the shift from opportunity liberalism to entitlement liberalism during President Johnson’s war on poverty.