Examples Of Locus Of Control

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Locus of control refers to the extent to which individuals believe they can control events affecting them. The concept was developed by Julian B. Rotter in 1954, and has since become an aspect of personality studies. Locus of Control refers to an individual 's perception about the underlying main causes of events in his/her life. Or, more simply: Do you believe that your destiny is controlled by yourself or by external forces (such as fate, god, or powerful others)? Locus of control refers to people 's very general, cross-situational beliefs about what determines whether or not they get reinforced in life. People can be classified along a continuum from very internal to very external. Rotter warned people that locus of control is not a…show more content…
Rotter 's view was that behaviour was largely guided by "reinforcements" (rewards and punishments) and that through contingencies such as rewards and punishments, individuals come to hold beliefs about what causes their actions. These beliefs, in turn, guide what kinds of attitudes and behaviours people adopt. This understanding of Locus of Control is consistent ; A locus of control orientation is a belief about whether the outcomes of our actions are contingent on what we do (internal control orientation) or on events outside our personal control (external control orientation)." (Zimbardo, 1985, p.…show more content…
Despite these cautions, psychological research has found that people with a more internal locus of control seem to be better off, e.g., they tend to be more achievement oriented and to get better paid jobs. Sometimes Locus of Control is seen as a stable, underlying personality construct, but this may be misleading, since the theory and research indicates that that locus of control is largely learned. There is evidence that, at least to some extent, LOC is a response to circumstances. Some psychological and educational interventions have been found to produce shifts towards internal locus of control (e.g., outdoor education programs; Hans, 2000; Hattie, Marsh, Neill & Richards, 1997). Learned Helplessness ‘Learned helplessness’ as seen by Seligman in the original research was based on his observation of the overt behaviour of the dogs and explained in terms of S-R (stimulus – response) associations and environmental determinism in line with behaviourism. Learned helplessness is when people feel helpless to avoid negative situations because previous experience has shown them that they do not have control. Learned helplessness impairs not only the ability to learn from punishments but also from

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