Write An Essay On Loss Of Biodiversity

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Loss of biodiversity
Introduction
Biodiversity is the variability among living organism from all sources, including terrestrial, marine, inter alia, and other aquatic ecosystems and ecological complexes they are part of. they include the diversity within species, between species and ecosystems. Biodiversity also refers to the abundance of different species living within a given region. It showcases the wealth of biological resources available to us. It sustains the natural area that is comprised of animals, plants and other living things.
Why biodiversity is important It is the founding block of most of the vast array of ecosystem services that play an important role in the well-being of humanity, and natural ecosystem in general. Besides, biodiversity helps to maintain the ecosystem in balance. That is, recycling and storage of nutrients, combating pollution, stabilizing climate, forming and protecting the soil. Moreover, it provides medicines and pharmaceuticals, food for the human and animal population.
Factors that determine the biodiversity of an ecosystem.
Overexploitation- means harvesting species at a faster rate than the population can restock themselves. Around the globe, human people either collect or hunt wild plants, amphibians, fish, mammals,
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For instance, deforestation of tropical rainforests has seen a direct loss of species and indirectly through increasing threat of global warming. The tropical rainforests hold at least 50% of the world’s species. Besides habitat fragmentation, a division of ecosystems and populations of species into smaller isolated, lead to biodiversity through increasing vulnerability of some populations to disease and other stressors. Pollutants such as acid air rain pollution, fertilizers, pesticides, and herbicides destroy and alter habitats and their species as
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