Albert Einstein once said,“Two things are infinite: the universe and human stupidity; and I'm not sure about the universe.” This quote shows the importance of human nature because most of the topics I researched all started by someone noticing something out of the ordinary and making it something it is not. Humans do not like change so when something happens that they are not use to, they do not know how to react. Some view it as stupidity, but to the person it is their only way to react. In witch trials for example, when someone is acting different they would declare them a witch and have the background information to prove it. They do not know if it is true or not, but it is what they would follow. The same for McCarthyism, the person who …show more content…
Some people hurt others to help them feel better about themselves. To began, Joseph McCarthy would accuse others of being associated with communism to make himself look better. When Joseph McCarthy first began searching, “he continued to investigate for over two years, relentlessly questioning numerous government departments and the panic arising from the witch-hunts and fear of communism became known as McCarthyism” (Latham). Joseph would accuse people and they would not be able to prove themselves innocent because everyone would believe McCarthy. If a person had the qualities to prove they were associated with communism it would ruin their life. After some time, people started to catch on to McCarthy: “Through the televised investigations into the United States Army and the reporters’ attack, the nation grew to realize that McCarthy was “evil and unmatched in malice” (Latham). People would do investigations and through those they found out the truth about Joseph McCarthy. This was done by one person, but it hurt hundreds of people. Hurting people can also be shown in The Crucible. After Abigail was …show more content…
People feel fear when they are uncertain of what is going on around them. Often times, “when people are afraid, they need to feel a sense of control. Often, control may be perceived when blame is cast and scapegoats are named. If there is someone to blame, then there is something we can do. Fear can lead to irrational postulations of immense proportions” (Hunter). Fear relates to all of the following characteristics in the previous paragraphs because fear can lead to both hurting people and jealously. This is also shown in The Crucible when Abigail says to Mercy, “(holding Mercy back). No, he’ll be comin’ up. Listen, now; if they be questioning us, tell them we danced—I told him as much already” (Miller 146). You could see and hear the fear in Abigail’s voice while she is talking to Mercy. She knows what she has done, but now that other people are figuring out what happen she is trying to find a scapegoat. This fear can cause Abigail to do things that will affect other people that should not have been involved. Fear is as aspect of human nature represented in The Crucible and modern day
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One example, is when Mary Warren is well into her testimony, and Abigail including the other girls say that Mary Warren bewitched them and soon Marry follows suit and pleads with them. This represents how McCarthy and his committee claimed that 205 people were communists as they labeled them being fascists, alcoholics, and sexual deviants. Abigail and McCarthy both the rightful head leaders of their group, have found ways to manipulate, persuade, and deceive the general public into believing that anyone could be affiliated with either communism or witchcraft. All the claims they made have no evidence at all which allowed them to accuse anyone due to their
McCarthyism Echo’s The Crucible “For to be free is not merely to cast off ones chains, but to live in a way that respects and enhances the freedom of others.” (Nelson Mandela) Freedom and liberty were things that were not honored in both The Crucible and McCarthyism. The Crucible is a 1953 play by Arthur Miller. It is a fictionalized story of the Salem Witch Trials. It took place in the Massachusetts Bay colony during the year of 1692, which was about a group of young girls in the Salem village who claimed to have seen others with the devil, and accused several innocent women of witchcraft.
Arthur Miller, the writer of the play The Crucible, made a story that is based off of real events in 1692 that draws comparisons to McCarthyism. The characters of Salem are quick to follow behind people in authority even if what they are saying might not be a smart decision in most circumstances. People such as Danfourth, Parris, and Putnam all have a significant amount of power in the town. Danfourth, the judge, seems to have the opinion that anyone that is called out as a witch is most likely a witch.
In the midst of the Red Scare, people were being charged of espionage, communism, and contempt of the court. Various of these people absolutely guiltless. Predictable mistakes had a gigantic influence in the feelings of the faulted. If you denied you had communist ties, the courts considered it to be a lie concealing reality that you are a communist. In a couple of cases, it was
McCarthyism is the practice of making accusations of subversion or treason without proper regard for evidence. This term was coined to criticize anti-communist pursuits of senator Mccarthy. During the Salem Witch trials, victims were often accused of being a witch based on someone's word no one had actual proof that these victims had actual powers from the spiritual world or so called satanist they were demeaned too. Coming back to the reality of accusing with no tangible evidence.many tactics were also brought upon this idea of fear many civilian and townspeople were burdened with the idea of guilt and fear of what would happen to them if they didn't partake in these so-called “witch hunts” of Mccarthy and the governing court of Salem.
In both cases, Abigail and McCarthy impede the people’s ability to think rationally, allowing them to act on a fear of the unknown. Their actions thus reflect the common trust in the accusers, as “the thought that the state has lost its mind is punishing so many people is intolerable” (“Why I Wrote the Crucible”). Both Abigail and McCarthy gain the trust of their peers, allowing them to spread falsified truths to their communities and gain power. However, by accusing the innocent and using the fear of the unknown to justify their actions, they are able to convince citizens that they are acting for the greater good of society. They consequently spread the belief that those in power cannot misdirect them, giving them even more control over the people.
In the Crucible those who were accused of being guilty, put on trial, and who are expected to confess. Unsuccessful to that led to death. In McCarthy, the media were not disposed to stand up to Senator McCarthy for the fear of being accused of being a Communist. Fear is the main factor playing in both situations, terror of being accused or what people might say, or think.
Intro Paragraph + Thesis: Events such as unfair stereotyping, paranoia, and targeting ideas through accusing people, appear in The Crucible, McCarthy Era, and contemporary America; despite those many similarities, there are a few contrasts, such as who was attacked, how to the information was spread and exhibits, or the lack of, of guilt. Unfair stereotyping has lead to accusing and convicting the innocent. Witchcraft may have been an easy assumption to make because Tituba, a slave and accused witch, is said to have been from Barbados, a place known for its practice of voodoo, but there are “no references to this [Tituba practicing witchcraft] in the court records.” (Brooks 2016).
When people are placed under an intense feeling of fear, they begin to commit actions they never thought they were capable over. In The Crucible by Arthur Miller, a young group of girls commit witchcraft which eventually leads to the arrest of over 100 women. This is similar to a time in the 1950s when Joseph McCarthy accuses government officials of communism and that ultimately leads to hundreds of citizens losing their jobs. The Crucible reveals the similarities between The Salem Witch Trials of the 1690s and McCarthyism of the 1950s because it demonstrates how a society can be tremendously impacted by the feeling the fear.
In the play, The Crucible, Salem, Massachusetts, along with the United States during McCarthyism, is engulfed with paranoia. Although both situations include different causes, their effects are strikingly similar. For instance, throughout The Crucible, Abigail Williams is being shown repeatedly accusing innocent people of witchcraft. Her actions begin sending the small town into a panic as they throw people into jail and hang them in an effort to try and cleanse the town from any aspect of evil. Similarly, throughout 1950-1954, Joseph McCarthy falsely accused people within the United States Government of being a member of the Communist party.
Fear, it causes people to be blinded by the truth. People can’t tell right from wrong. Arthur Miller wrote The Crucible to show how no one could see what was right. During the 1950’s communism was spreading throughout Europe like a wildfire, then it slowly made its way over to the U.S. This was known as The Red Scare.
McCarthyism and The Crucible caused a feeling of hysteria and paranoia in all the people that were accused and others that were not accused. Abigail Williams and McCarthy had no evidence on the people accused except rumors that were
Period4 The Crucible Essay Communism and Witchcraft have the same effect on humans, that effect is fear, when you hear fear you think of your worst nightmare or someone hiding in your closet, during the McCarthyism era and the salem witchcraft people had fear about whether their life is on the line or not. It all depended on one person in their community whether or not they choose to save their life. The Crucible by Arthur Miller is an allegory for the Red Scare in the McCarthy era because the girls feared Abigail just like everyone feared J.McCarthy, Elizabeth being accused is similar to McCarthy accusing the US Army, they are innocent just like Elizabeth.
In times of fear and hysteria in the U.S. it is mass chaos and it only gets worse and worse. During the time of both the witch-hunt eras, whether for communist or actual witches, they prove to have many similarities between them. Both of these times were full of confusion and lying which lead to the temporary downfall of the authority at that time. Joseph McCarthy proved to be a factor in this time and add on to the chaos that was America. Arthur Miller wrote about these times in a book called The Crucible, based on the witch trial era.