However, many critics have pointed out to lot of lacunae and inadequacies which surround the theory. Some of the criticisms of the Marxist Class theory are as follows: 1. Marx gives all importance to matter and ignores the role of human beings. Marx said that Men create history but not of their will! According to Marx, man is incapable of taking any decision on his own.
Modernism was an important style, which consisted of literature, poetry, music and most art forms. It is a trend of thought that states publicly the power of humans to create, improve and reconstruct our environment with the help of technology or practical
Social scientists find this theory very helpful when it comes to study the changes brought about by the economic factors within the society. Besides this, Marxism also carried with it a future insight with the view of both Marx and Engels that, “proletariat has to emerge as the most revolutionary class and a motive force for social development.” Moreover, the theory also prognosticated that proletariat would release the whole society from exploitation and manipulation and progress towards a classless society. This speculation of Marx would only be fulfilled by the last stage of Communism in which it was predicted that there would be a class-less society. It would be more appropriate to call Marxism a biased approach of Karl Marx and Fredrick Engels because they had criticized the Bourgeoisie and capitalism. They focused entirely on their negative aspects irrespective of the positives done by the Capitalist group.
"What the bourgeoisie, therefore, produces, above all, is its own grave-diggers. Its fall and the victory of the proletariat are equally inevitable" (Marx, 1848). Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels famous work ‘ The communist manifesto’ is on of the most influential doctrines on the theory of Marxism. Marxism, as concluded from Marx and Engels is a conflict theory, which means that it believes that society is based on inequality and unequal distribution of power and wealth. The Marxist methodology uses economic and sociopolitical inquiry and employs that to the critique and analyse the development of capitalism and the role of class struggle in systemic economic change.
It can be said that Modernism was a state of mind that questioned all artistic, scientific, social, and moral conventions. The devastation of World War I was the catalyst of the Modernist movement. The optimism that was felt prior to the war was gone and there was a sense of despair for many. By the 1900’s, the world was bustling as it had been transformed new discoveries and technological advances. Along with changes in technology came several philosophers who would change the way that modern man perceives the world.
POST MODERN POLITICS INTRODUCTION What is post modernism? The simple answer is, “question everything modern”. Postmodernism is a broad term used to describe movements in a wide range of disciplines, including art, politics, critical theories, and music. Many view it as a response to the preceding modernist movement, but where modernism simply reacts against classical concepts, particularly in the arts and literature, things that are postmodern take this reaction to its extreme conclusion. Indeed, some see it not as a separate movement, but simply as a continuation of the modernist struggle.
Marxism was a theory of conflict. It was part of the society as a bases and superstructure. It supported capitalism under the concepts of Labour theory of value, exploitation, alienation and class consciousness. Marxism as a theory of conflict: The conflict that went on was between the working class or Proletariat and the capitalist or the Boergeoisie on the other hand. The worker class was treated like slaves because the capitalist owned the factories and businesses and used the workers class to do their work for them so that they can be rich and so that they can live in poverty.
Holland Arrowsmith explains Marxism as a term which refers to “a hugely diverse set of social, economic, philosophical, historical and cultural theories”. Several theories such as social, economical, political and critical theories have been derived from Marxism philosophy. Marxism advocates equality amongst the class structure of society. Marxism is divided into two fundamental classes. According to Marx there are only two classes which exist: Bourgeoisie, which means powerful or dominant class and Proletariat, which means the peasant or working classes.
Breeding from the unruly mood at the beginning of the 20th century, modernism was a profound approach that craved to stimulate and renovate the way modern civilization pictured life, art, politics, literature and science. It is a classical trend of thoughts that ratifies the power of human beings to create, improve and reshape their environment with the aid of scientific knowledge, technological advancements and practical experimentation. As a trend, it is less lucid, its perimeter looser, than, say, classicism. a number of analysts would contend that modernism isn 't a single trend , that it embodies a great array of aesthetics and sensibilities. It encouraged the re-analysis of every aspect of survival from commerce to philosophy, with the
Modernism is a revolutionary movement that affected world war one and the huge breakthrough in technology. Modernism extended from 1890 to 1940 reaching its peak between 1920-1930. Modernism refers to a radical shift in aesthetic and cultural sensibilities evident in the art and literature of the post-world war one period. Modernism, thus, marks a distinctive break with Victorian morality rejecting the nineteenth-century optimism, and presenting a profoundly pessimistic picture of a culture in disarray. Modernism is a revolt against the conservative values of realism, and a rejection of tradition and its reprise, and the certainty of enlightenment thinking.