2.1 SPEECH ACTS There are many theories that facilitate the analysis of spoken language. Definitely, speech act is one of those theories which notice communicative purposes between speakers and listeners. This effective tool aids learners to identify and label the differences of communicative functions through utterances of interlocutors. According to the theory as pointed out by Adolphs (2008) that particular speech act can be illocutionary, the gist of an utterance that a speaker produces, and perlocutionary, the actual purpose of the saying which can be direct and indirect. For example, the question Are you with me?
It consists of two components which are articulatory control system act as internal voice and the phonological store act as inner ear - (not the physical ear canals). The phonological store that linked to speech perception holds information in spoken communication-based course for example spoken words for 1-2 minutes. Spoken words enter the store directly. Written words must first be changed into an articulator (spoken) code before they can go into the phonological store. The second one is The articulatory control process (linked to speech production) works like an inner voice rehearsing information from the phonological store.
Facial expression provides sensitive cues about emotional response and plays a major role in human interaction and nonverbal communication. It can complement verbal communication, or can convey complete thoughts by itself. It displays emotion regulates social behavior, signals communicative intent, is computationally related to speech production, and may reveal
FACS has played an integral part in the 7 Figure 2.1: Facial Muscles breakdown and identication of the various muscles. 2.2 How FACS Works? Emotional expression crosses the obstacles of age , culture, gender, religion, race, and ethnicity. A FACS coder "dissects" an observed expression. Decom- pose it into the specic AUs which produced the movement.
• Mentalization-based therapy is talk therapy that can help you identify your own feelings and thoughts and to separate them from those of other people around you. It helps you to think before you react. • Schema-focused therapy combines treatments to help you evaluate repetitive patterns and themes in life and helps you identify the positive patterns and modify the negative ones. • Transference-focused or psychodynamic psychotherapy helps you understand your emotions and difficulties and then apply your insights to real situations.
The facial nerve is the seventh paired cranial nerve. It is a mixed nerve. Its conveys the sensation of taste and is motor to all the skeletal muscles derived from the second pharyngeal arch. The nerve is secreto-motor to the lacrimal, submandibular and sublingual salivary glands. Parts of facial nerve: The facial nerve consists of two parts: the facial nerve proper and the nervus intermedius.
This is to mean that the concept of bilingualism exist only when an individual of a certain variety has the capability to communicate effectively in an additional variety. More definitions were given by other researchers but still there is no an agreed definition for who a bilingual person is. Weinreich (1953) gave a definition of bilingualism where he explained bilingualism as having the ability for a speaker to use two languages alternatively. 2.1.2. Types of bilingualism: Basing on conceptual representations and cognitive organizations of linguistics in a
INTRODUCTION Language is a set of arbitrary symbols used by group of people for the purpose of communication. Human beings communicate to share ideas, feelings, desires, emotions and for sheer pleasure. Bernard & George (1942) stated language as a system of arbitrary vocal symbols by means of which a social group cooperates. Phonology, Morphology, Syntax, Semantics and Pragmatics are the varied components of language. These components can be classified as form of language (phonology, morphology, and syntax), the content of language (semantics), and the function of language in communication (pragmatics).
First we will train the SVM classifiers. The SVM classifier for gender detection is trained by giving different speech inputs in order to classify the user as ”Male” or ”Female”. Then the SVM classifier for emotion recognition is trained by giving some inputs of different emotional states. The process of SVM training contains labelling of extracted features and training SVM. In the training process, the extracted features are assigned to a class label.
It has been proven by many studies that video games have a positive impact on people. It is a tool to use for people to play and really be interested in what they are doing. As people play these video games they are also improving their cognitive skill without knowing it. It is a hard concept to grasp for some, mostly parents and teachers, but research does point to positive impact on the brain and how it