Arthur Miller wrote The Crucible in 1953, as a response to McCarthyism, which is, in general, accusing people of crimes with little to no proof. It ran rampant through the United States during the Second Red Scare through the early 1950s (exactly when Arthur Miller wrote The Crucible). In The Crucible, Miller juxtaposes the leaders, who rationally think for themselves, and the followers, who believe what everybody else believes, through irony, imagery, and denotation. The Crucible is riddled with irony, and Arthur Miller utilizes situational and dramatic irony to show the difference between followers and leaders. When John Proctor admits his adultery, the Court asks him to sign a confession, and John Proctor declines.
So for a brief explanation, McCarthyism was carried out under senator Joseph McCarthy during 1950-1954 against alleged communist in the US government and in other institutions. The Salem witch trials and McCarthyism have an uncanny relation to one another. In Salem people were afraid of not appearing christian enough, meanwhile during the 50’s Americans feared of being accused of communism. Also during the McCarthyism era and the witch trials innocent lives were ruined when people were forced to accuse others or be accused themselves. Though The Crucible is an allegory for McCarthyism, it focuses some of its attention on the question what is more important, your honor and reputation or your life?
Bigger believes that the oppressed are very different and would only act when forced to and Killmonger believes that they are all the same people, however the oppressed lack the resources to free themselves. This says a lot about the characters as well, both characters experienced oppression in their lives each affecting them differently. Bigger felt shame, fear, and anger from it and Killmonger wanted to continue what his father was
Individuality allows every person to be themselves and be different from each other. However, In Ayn Rand’s novella Anthem, Rand describes a society where the people were not allowed to openly be themselves, or else they would be punished for being different. The main character, Equality, notices he is different slowly throughout the novella, but kept continuing to be like everyone else for awhile. These rules exist in this society to strip human individuality in order to achieve total equality. It is a struggle for people not to be able to think freely.
Violence was much more powerful than we imagine not only because it led tremendous dis- aster, but also due to the deep impact on individuals. In the book of the Outsiders, the violence of Johnny’s family, the other greasers, and their opposing gangs, the Socials, strongly affected Johnny. The Violence of Johnny’s family impacts Johny’s natural instincts, which means that some of his characteristics were already fixed since he was born, and influenced him in daily life. Johnny grew up in a family without care, love, and understanding. From his parents, he barely gained the warmth of being in a complete family.
It explains that harsh reality that life is not bliss and other people work against you all the time, even those you love. Everyone knows what it feels like to fear what others may think of you, to fear the judgment. It is more difficult if the fear is from someone who one should be able to trust. “Fearing the chronic angers” (41), that judgment brings and fuels society. Along with the judgment, society begins to treat others different for having those fears.
The theme of justice also can be shown because of the two courtroom scenes. Barn Burning shows many different perspectives on justice, and shows that the process of legal justice is not always fair. For Sarty, justice means not hurting others and always telling the truth. As accurately stated by Max Loges, “Sarty, who is named after Colonel John Sartoris, represents those ideals of truth and integrity.” (1) However, Sartys father feels the need to punish everyone for the way he has been treated and the many injustices in his life.
Nevertheless, there will always be some sort of racism in Maycomb, due to people like Mr. Ewell. He and his family have been risen in an environment that has always looked down on the coloured community. Racism begins from a younger age, though how they see other people being treated through their parents. There will also always be an element of racism when people, such as Mr. Ewell, refuse to see otherwise. Harper Lee has shown through Atticus that there is elements of hope, but overall, racism will always exist in some form.
Fear is the most terrifying thing in this world and the Puritan society had used this fear for so long against their people, government, and everyday life. There are many things that they can use fear in everyday life no matter who you are. The most common fear they used is one of many things that many people know today and that is hell. So come and learn a little bit about how fear was used in Puritan society. There are many stories that tell you about Puritan society having fear in it and the fear in Puritan society can also be found in history.
The human society had always been flawed by some degree, and most would say that it is inevitable and humane to be flawed. While that can hold truth, when the society in turn traps aspiring individuals to conform to certain ideals, it is no longer only flawed, but also corrupted. An inhibiting society is not a true society, and unfortunately that has been the case for much of the history of humanity, with women historically taking the abundance of the burden. The main cause for the continual ad progression of this lies in the teachings of the past generation, in which past stereotypes and ideals are continued to past on, trapping or restricting the next generation. In The Great Gatsby, Fitzgerald criticizes the constraints thrust upon women as dictated by the society stereotypes in the 1920s, and shows how internalizing and adhering to societal values, imprisons the individual and strips them of the qualities that allows them to attain the happiness that they desire.