Nationalism has been the prominent ideology in politics especially since French Revolution, 1789. It is also probably the least understood. Arguments from the nationalism scholars face a problem of coherence when it comes to economic integration. The most usual belief is nationalist are averse to free trade, foreign investment and globalization. This literature review represents a challenging review to the conventional wisdom.
Nationalism is a modern phenomenon which took shape of a movement throughout Europe in the 19th century. It redefined the principles of commardship within a community. It provided an alternative to the medieval feudal order and absolute monarchy which ultimately failed to keep pace with the new social order i.e. Capitalism. With the advent of industrial revolution in the 18th century there occurred a transition from feudalism towards capitalism.
Throughout the history of mankind, nationalism has played a significant role and had major impact on society. Nationalism, especially in South Korea where having a nationalistic attitude is of social norm with deep history, has a substantial influence on the culture and way of life. We have seen nationalism work in favor of the country, however we fail to take into account the devastating drawbacks of possessing this nationalistic attitude. Historical references and current situations shows that nationalism could lead to into major conflict, war. In such a globalized world such as today, certain problems are bound arise possessing this nationalistic attitude.
Overtime, Germany began to trust his judgement and followed every order that was appointed by him. After 3 victories during previous wars, Bismarck was given more freedoms toward his contributions to foreign policy. His main goal was to promote peace and recover from the war. For this reason, he thought that by preventing France from forming alliances, and insulating them in a sense, he would be able to avoid possible conflicts. These conflicts, he feared, would grow and disturb the peace he was trying to enforce.
Nationalism was a very profound in the beginning of the 20th century in Europe. This nationalism fueled many exaggerated reports on the state of rival countries. Due to these nationalist reports it can make a nation become alienated and wrongly dislike other countries. Nationalism in Europe assured its citizens that a war against them would mean total victory, which contributed to the rallying support of the European populous. These victorious militaristic ideas were fuelled by the fact that in the 19th century Europe had not had any large scale military defeat during most of the century.
Integral nationalism shares many similarities with Fascism, another form of extreme nationalism. Civic nationalism is also known as liberal nationalism. Liberal nationalism defines the nation as an association of people who identify themselves as belonging to the nation, who have equal and shared political rights, and allegiance to similar political procedures. In this case, the core identity of the nation is not ethnicity. There is usually no common ethnic ties in such nations.
The loss of power experienced by Serbia endowed Serbian nationalism with an increasingly aggressive character. Essentially, ethnic nationalism is very much the protagonist of this war. When analyzed from a state level, the war in Yugoslavia is the by-product of the effect of negative integration caused by ethnic nationalism. Ethnic nationalism is defined as “: A form of nationalism that emphasizes the organic and usually ethnic unity of the nation and aims to protect or strengthen its national ‘spirit’ and cultural sameness.” This variant of nationalism is deeply engraved in the ethnic unity of a people; its homogenizing and supremacist character ultimately breeds a xenophobic attitude. Nonetheless, Serbia was not the only country to experience a surge in this type of nationalism.
Everyone will work at his level best and confer the utmost yield. In case of public sector however, if one does not have feelings of nationalism, there is no ownership. The responsibility turns into weariness and the output will be much decreased. Nationalistic feelings create the sense of ownership with one’s country. As a matter of fact growing Nationalism has turned out to be a workable instrument for effective administration to deal with political and strategic challenges.
Even in supposedly liberal states which are well embedded into the global system, nationalist policies and language are often used within popular politics. This would imply that nationalist ideas continue to be well ingrained into the culture of many societies. For example, the idea of American exceptionalism and the link between US foreign policy with religiosity within the United States. Wealth, it appears, does not necessarily bear a direct correlation with an opposition to nationalism. Given that many of the benefits sought after through globalization are economic and yet even the richest countries still contain nationalist feeling, the argument is enhanced for the stoicism of nationalism in the face of
Nationalism as i said is a deep pride of your country. So what does that mean for anybody who isn 't from your country. This can lead other countries that they are too good for anybody else. So they would become independent and separated from the rest of the world. And this would make it difficult for a country that is in need.