“In philosophy, meta-ethics is the branch of ethics that seeks to understand the nature of ethical properties, statements, attitudes, and judgments. Meta-ethics is one of the three branches of ethics generally recognized by philosophers, the others being ethical theory and applied ethics. Ethical theory and applied ethics make up normative ethics.” Applied ethics concerns itself with moral questions regarding particular, individual issues, such as whether or not it is wrong to have an abortion, whether or not the death penalty should be enforced, and so on. Normative ethics is interested with questions in regard to the underlying principles that are the guiding light of the applied ethicist. For example, should only the consequences or our duties or our character matter?
So, he is in the dilemma whether he should use someone else’s umbrella, taken a lesser-quality model, or just let his self-get wet? 3.3 Explanation of Ethical Theory At its most straightforward, ethics is a method of good standard. They influence how individuals settle on choices and lead their
Ethical theories suggest justification for judgment regarding the morality or immorality of actions, and they provide a basis for claims about moral obligations. Ethical theories are based on the ethical principles. There are several varieties of ethical theories to choose from in a business ethics environment however only one ethical theory could suite a particular environment at that instance. Ethical theories purposes are based on above ethical principles. Two ethical theories in this course which I have chosen to discuss comprehensively are utilitarianism and Kantian moral theory.
1.0 INTRODUCTION Ethics is the study of right and wrong, duty and obligation, moral norms, individual character and responsibility. Ethic is also called as a system of moral principles. Ethics is derived from the Greece word called “ethos”. The meaning is character and manners. In other words, Ethics are more moral guideline which governs good behavior.
Ethical theories appear in different contexts, so they address diverse issues and they also represent some ethical principles. There are various ethical theories, however there are generally two major kinds of ethical theories which are deontological and teleological ethical theories. On the whole, while teleological theories refer to consequences, deontological theories are interested more in duty. As regard to deontology, it is concerned with the application of absolute, ethical principles so as to arrive at rules of conduct. Deontologist derives from the Greek word ‘deontos’ which means ‘what must be done’.
Ethics are (standards) that are used by individual or group to determine what the right path of action in a situation is. Ethics depend on logical and rational standard to reach a decision, an basically cognitive process (Congress, 1999; Dolgoff, Loewenberg, & Harrington, 2009; Reamer, 1995; Robison & Reeser, 2002). Values, moreover, describe ideas that we estimate. To value something means that we feel it has worth to us. Often, values are ideas that we want to achieve, like equality and social justice.
Silber says these rules are postulates of rationality since applying these rules in moral law could guarantee a rational consequence in a requisite sense. He explains: ‘‘only if the norms of morality, rules of thought and rules of aesthetic evaluation are treated as descriptive procedures, then there can be initially rational knowledge in science, the free play of sensibility and recognizing in aesthetic experience, autonomous action in moral experience’’ (Silber 200). Through postulates of rationality, Silber understands Kant to imply that his readers should follow the pragmatic rational-directed procedural ethic as he explains in the following: The procedurals of judgments in ethics. The procedural interpretation of rationality, that is,
The word Ethics comes from Greek ‘ethos’ meaning person character, nature or disposition. Ethics are related with moral, providing the distinction of good and evil. It’s a philosophical area responsible for the investigation of the principles that motivate, distort, discipline or guide human behavior. About the essence of norms, values, prescriptions and exhortations present in any social reality. (Lethard and Mclaren, 2007) Robinson (2001) explains that there are many subdivisions on ethics as a philosophical study.