He condemned about the investigations on communists in Hollywood by the House Un-American Activities Committee(Weller, 2013). What is the meaning of Fahrenheit 451? It means Fahrenheit 451 focuses on the historical role of book burning in suppressing dissenting ideas. dystopian novel. He mentioned negative effect of technology on modern society, several irrational and absurd book burnings,false accusations against innocent people, and illegal censorship of free speech and free press
Arthur Miller constructs his play upon the famous Salem witch trails. Miller's Crucible was written in the early 1950s. Miller wrote his drama during the brief reign of the American senator Joseph McCarthy whose bitter criticized anti- communism sparkled the need for the United States to be a dramatic anti- communist society during the early tense years of the cold war. By orders from McCarthy himself, committees of the Congress commenced highly controversial investigations against communists in the U.S similar to the alleged Salem witches situation. Convict communists were ordered to confess their crime and name others to avoid the retribution.
Totalitarian governments, such as Nazi Germany, and their use of controversial techniques in order to rise power are significant influences on literature, creating parallels between it and novels such as 1984 by George Orwell. The system deployed by the Nazi regime in order to rise to power was undoubtedly, while immoral, very effective in eliciting the results desired by its enforcers. State sponsored murder or execution, prevalent in both Nazi Germany and 1984, were utilized by the government to incite hatred within its citizens. Big Brothers overbearing presence in the citizens lives strikingly resembles the relationship that dictators such as Adolf Hitler held with countries through implementation of similar propaganda techniques seen in
This shows what a horrific world Winston lives in. Anything that someone thought of had to be in accordance with the party’s regime, anything else would be considered a thoughtcrime and would be punished severely. Considering the mechanisms of control and the possibilities of freedom that follow we will explore the extent to which George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four is a pessimistic and dystopian novel. The first mechanism of control that we will explore is Newspeak. Newspeak is the language that was created and enforced by Big Brother, the controlling party in the novel, to control and restrict the way in which party members think.
The only way the convicted could save themselves was if they accused someone else (Dector 1). This meant that anyone could be proven innocent by blaming someone else, causing multiple people to be accused. By the end of the play, nineteen innocent people are hanged due to the accusations (Dector 1). The accusations of the witch trials were to be taken seriously, but it was all controlled by young girls who did not know the consequences. Reputation was one of the major causes of the dispersion of hysteria.
Emotions like this led to the deaths in Salem. Fear leaves us afraid and frightened. Fear is unpleasant and it is only “human nature” to want to get rid of the feeling. Reverend Samuel Parris, before the Salem witch trials started, had the power to prevent the trials from happening, set things straight. But he feared as a Reverend the he was not setting a proper example, with Abigail his niece and his daughter dancing in the woods.
The majority of the people being accused and convicted of being witches were people who missed church, had poor luck which was a sign of Satan, and were outsiders. Missing church for any reason meant that they belonged to Satan. When a person was sick or were unlucky people thought it was a result of the devil and these people with lousy luck were the first ones to be accused. As more people were accused and more people started accusing though there were more people who didn’t have terrible luck and had good respective names that were being accused. It may’ve continued because people realized they could claim that a person they weren’t fond of was a witch.
Abstract: This article presents the impacts of political conflicts on The Crucible in common and literature in general by revealing universality of human sufferings at the hands of the political regimes. Allegedly, the so called communist writers have been considered as mere puppets fulfilling the foreign agendas, by the ‘House of Representatives’ Committee on Un American Activities’, in the USA during the Cold War. Retaliation from the writer’s side is seen allegorically as in the form of The Crucible, thus, representing McCarthyism as a mere repetition of the Salem’s Witch Trials, proving its atrocities over the innocent. Key Words: Crucible, Allegory, Communism, Destabilization, Universality, Retaliation, McCarthyism. Introduction The crucible is a universally acknowledged play written by the American Playwright ‘Arthur Miller’.
He is arrogant and has high authority. He fails to examine evidence critically or to act when he could to stop the hysteria. Even at the end, when it’s obvious that the society is disintegrating, he refuses to see the role that the witchcraft trials and hangings have played in it. He jails and sentences many to death for refusing to ‘admit’ that they were witches. He encourages Proctor to sign the testimony even though he knows it is a lie shows how truly bad he is as he says ‘Come then, sign your testimony’ Protagonist: John Proctor he’s a protagonist is related to Proctor 's choice to take a high moral ground at the end and die rather than lying to save himself—this shows a change of character in Proctor.
The Helmer’s relationship did not have a solid foundation in truth and understanding for one another, therefore the deceitful lives that they lived, but especially Nora, if discovered could completely destroy the relationship. The security of their reputation as a family and couple is dependent on keeping up appearances, which lying allowed the Helmer’s to achieve. When finally coming to terms with the truth, both could not understand how to recover, therefore they broke away from the marriage and their
If you’ve ever seen horror movies about witches such as The Blair Witch Project, you’d know witches are horrifying. But that’s not the reason for why we see them in our history textbooks, witches were a vital part of history. The Salem Witch Trials era was an unforgettable part of our history and we need to learn about what happened in order to learn about our mistakes. The trials were unlawful and it’s important for us to never repeat the same mistakes that we made during that time period. Many died from those trials and it was a great tragedy that left the community damaged.
If denied these accusations you were blacklisted. When you are blacklisted this meant for many that their promising careers would terminate. The Crucible is a story about a town accusing people of being witches if you were found to be a “witch” you were hang. After learning about McCarthyism, it is apparent that people had many ulterior motives for their actions, also conflicts and groups of people become apparent. McCarthyism shed light to my eyes that there was more to Salem.
The Trials of 1692 were a perfect way for Miller to express his thoughts about the hunt for communists in the U.S. as Americans let fear control them causing fellow neighbors to suspect each other and ignore one another 's civil rights and as stated by History.com “ the Red Scare – is often cited as an example of how unfounded fears can compromise civil liberties”(History.com “Red Scare”) . The attitude of the 50 's also helped to play a vital part in how Miller came to choose to write about the trials as Americans branded communists were as stated by History.com “hounded by law enforcement, alienated from friends and family and fired from their jobs.”(History.com “Red Scare”), Miller lived in a world that was teetering on the edge of fear. His writings about the Salem Witch Trials expressed Martinez 2 just how fear of the unknown can influence and cause people to commit atrocities which can lead to the persecution of innocents. However, it may have been the fear developed inside of those who
If someone “hangs for a witch he forfeit up his property” (Miller, 99) and then others would fight to get their property. In the Red Scare, those accused lost their jobs and their well earned respect. For example, Helen Keller’s reputation is practically spotless but once branded with communism, that went downhill. In the Crucible, Rebecca Nurse was accused of witchcraft, who was seen as the “mother” of Salem and had a pure reputation. This just shows that people blindly believed what they were told without really thinking about it.
Therefore they did not believe a word the accused said. Now since this has happened we learned that witches do not exist and later in the book it says that some of the accusers lied and now there is a law that makes sure that everyone has a fair trial. The trials in 1629 were not fair because the judges did not listen to the accused, the court used spectral evidence, and the judges already had their mind set on what they were going to do in court. Many people were put to death because of these