To the Puritans, they believed in collective guilt and that one should repent for their sinful actions till their death; they viewed sin as a socially unacceptable crime. Hawthorne himself agrees with the idea of ‘doctrine of original sin,’, however, he opposes to the Puritanical traditional thinking and suggests how sin is an educative effect that alters one into an incomparable wise figure before the ‘sinful’ act (Mills 97).“‘Among all its bad influences, the black veil had the one desirable effect of making its wearer a very efficient clergyman. By the aid of his mysterious emblem---for there was no other apparent cause---he became a man of awful power over souls that were in agony for sin”’ (Hawthorne 262). Through the use an awe tone, Hawthorne illustrates how the effect of the veil has transformed Minister Hooper into a more effective minister than before. From the words that provide the perception of awe, ‘efficient,’ ‘mysterious,’and ‘awful,’ it depicts a sense of reverential respect yet incorporated fear within it.
The great Aristotle declared, “We do not act rightly because we have virtue or excellence, but we rather have those because we have acted rightly.” Virtue should be defined as perfect or righteous. However, it can be argued that because Ransom is a man, and man is sinful, he could not choose to be virtuous. Because this is the case, and man is inherently sinful as Jesus said in Matthew, “No one is good but One, that is, God” (Mark 10:18), we will adapt Merriam Webster’s definition of virtue, “Conformity to a standard of right, morality. A particular moral excellence” (merriam-webster.com). By this definition we can present our thesis; Ransom chose to be virtuous while on Malacandra.
For human kind in the light the soul is good and clean, in the dark, evil conspires against good and shows the soul dark and unclean. Macbeth proclaims at 1.4.48-51, “Let not light see my black and deep desires,” meaning he wants to contain his good soul but fears his goals demand for evil means to achieve them. He further proves this point by
On one side, Nathan can be viewed as the damaging force within the Price family, hence associating him with complicity; although on the other side, when observing Nathan from a perspective similar to his own, it is clear that his goals, despite how he goes about accomplishing them, are simply to better mankind. Because he thinks that spreading the Lord’s name is the way to save the damned, it is precisely what he intends to do. From that point of view, Nathan can be viewed as a good-intentioned man who goes about things in the entirely wrong and maniacal way, supporting my opinion that as Kingsolver proposes, all people are complicit, but can also possess good
I regarded and hid them with an almost morbid sense of shame.” Using “blazoned” describes how other men would display their lesser side prominently and vividly, whereas in comparison Dr. Jekyll “hides them.” This shows us the vast difference between Dr.Jekyll 's opinion,a dn the opinions of the majority of man. “Morbid” projects Dr. Jekyll’s disturbing thoughts, degregrading himself. This gives the reader the impression that the darker side appears as a foul excess which Jeckyll wishes to completely get rid of. “Shame” furthers our understanding of this, as it tells us that he is ashamed of having a dark side. This can also mean that Jekyll has mental self-esteem issues, as he criticizes himself over something that is natural and occurs in every human being.
In the novella Candide, Voltaire expresses his disdainful opinion about optimistic philosophers of the Enlightenment by using satirical elements such as exaggeration, irony, and Burlesque to further develop the theme of the recklessness of optimism. Throughout the book, the main character Candide and his mentor, Pangloss, suffer and witness various misfortunes but fail to find a connection to any greater good. Voltaire’s reasoning for writing Candide is to point out the absurdity of the optimistic philosophy, which concludes that God must be perfect and that the world he created must be perfect as well. To these enlightenment thinkers, like Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz, the idea that the existence of any “evil in the world”(Voltaire 141)
(Voltaire, 1761, p.4) This quote is links to the philosopher Leibnitz who embraces the optimism, where Voltaire condemns this kind of ideology, and ebodies it in Pangloss’s character that the excessive believe in optimism is something intolerable in Candide. Voltaire’s critique to the Libenitz’s optimism is very severe and starts his novel with this quotation to ridicule and challenge this idea. ,(Voltaire, 1761, p.4) 2- ‘’Mankind must have corrupted nature just a little, ‘he would say, ‘ for men are not born wolves, yet they have become wolves.’’ ( Voltaire, 1761, p.12) The Anabaptist ‘Jacques’, explains that he does not agree with Pangloss. And demonstrates that mankind is born as a benevolent creature, despite that god has given them the will to do the good but they astray from the right path. He says men born not as beasts but turn to be beasts after all.
When comparing Machiavelli and Rousseau’s presentation on human nature, one can see that Machiavelli’s idea of human nature was completely opposite compared to Rousseau’s idea of human nature. Machiavelli was a realist, and had a rather negative view on human nature. He assumed that men by nature are evil, and are driven by their own selfish wants and needs. In a society where they are free, everything becomes unorganized and confusing. In Machiavelli’s, The Prince, he states that, “Men never do good except out of necessity, but when they have the freedom to choose and can do as they please, everything becomes confused and disorderly (182).” Thus Machiavelli believed that the best form of society was one where the Prince ruled his kingdom
In the excerpt of Ralph Waldo Emerson’s essay, “Self-Reliance,” 1841, his purpose is made manifest with mocking metaphors, and creates a candid tone. These components Emerson implements add up to the idea that, “to be great is to be misunderstood.” Emerson starts off this excerpt with “the conviction that envy is ignorance; that imitation is suicide…” These are such concrete metaphors that present a loaded concept. It seems Emerson believes envy is selfish, or even offensive. To be envious is asinine. An individual can acquire anything through hard work and perseverance.
“The world is my representation” (Schopenhauer 1); Schopenhauer contends that at even the universe’s crux, it is not a rational place, but merely a chaotic abyss made into what one makes of it. Having recognized the errors of his philosophical mentors, Plato and Kant, Schopenhauer developed an ascetic approach to mending the errors ingrained in us through the human condition, which preaches that in a world full of pain and suffering, human beings must combat natural desires to attain tranquility and a disposition warranting widespread magnanimity. Although regarded as a categorical pessimist, Schopenhauer endorsed methods, implementing artistic, moral and ascetic systems of cognizance, to appease the fundamentally painful and tenuous circumstances of human life. (Wicks) Although Schopenhauer rejects traditional German Idealism in its metaphysical elevation of self-consciousness as being too intellectualistic, he
He states the that any law that brighten ups “human personality” is a just law and any law that devalues human personality is an unjust law. MLK finishes of by saying that segregation is sinful. He finds this out by breaking it in to part like so; separation is sinful, segregation laws separate, and therefore segregation laws are sinful. Finally, after explaining why he disobeys some laws he makes it clear to the clergymen that segregation laws are unjust and sinful. Thus, he strongly believes that the Jim crow law should be disobeyed because they are “morally wrong” (par.
In his first essay of On the Genealogy of Morals, “‘Good and Evil,’ ‘Good and Bad,” Nietzsche makes accusations against priests that could easily be interpreted in a pro-Nazi light if misinterpreted. At first glance, this charge seems to be an attack against Judaism; however careful reading of text reveals that Nietzsche is actually criticizing Christianity. Nietzsche asserts that “priests are, as is notorious, the worst enemies—why? Because they are the weakest, their weakness causes their hate to expand into a monstrous and sinister shape, a shape which is most crafty and most poisonous” (1.7). Because the Jewish priests that Nietzsche describes are powerless and weak, they turn to hate.