In the theory of Marxism, the main focus is on the division of labour in the different social classes and how they change over time. Marx was interested in how the capitalistic society operated and how contradictions and conflicts of interest were a result of alienation in the society. The overexploitation of the majority party by the minority was a great concern to Marx as he believed that people should be rewarded depending on the amount of labour they put in. Contradictions arose from this inequality and questioned how far people will go for personal gain. In order to properly understand the contradictions of a capitalist society, key concepts such as the structure of capitalism, social theories and how Marxism works must be taken into consideration.
Karl Marx famously states, "The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles." This chapter points out the bourgeois’ position through private ownership of land, exploiting the proletariat. We often see throughout our earlier history the oppressor and oppressed against each other and in some instances it is seen more than others. Marx first describes the proletariat and bourgeois history. As the bourgeoisie developed in society the proletariat did too.
Fermelita Borre AB1213 Rochelle Igot Philosophical Research Paper What is Alienation? In this paper, we will evaluate alienation and its premises as presented in “Estranged Labor” by Karl Marx. Although the entirety of the arguments he presented in his manuscript were substantial, there was a flaw in one of the arguments he presented in the types of of alienation, the estrangement of the worker from the activity of production. Karl Marx defines “alienation” by which laborers are estranged from their self-being because of the capitalists. A result from the lack of identity with the products of their labor and a sense of being are controlled or exploited (en.oxforddictionaries.com).
B. Marxist: Marxism is a system based on the theories of Karl Marx. These theories formed the basis of both socialism and communism. He believed that the struggle of workers would progress into a socialist society and then into a classless society (!). The classless society is known as communism. The struggle of workers was the exploitation of a person’s labor by capitalists.
The second, is alienation from the product. In Marxist time and in today’s modern world we are involved in an abundance of mass production. In a capitalist system, people are placed in a position where they are responsible in making a minor part of the goods. The goods of work belong to the capitalist and is sold for their profit, whereas the workers gain nothing. Therefore, Marx concluded that the greater effort the workers put into their job, the lesser they benefit.
Because of this, workers were not only the “slaves of the bourgeois class, and of the bourgeois State” but they were “daily and hourly enslaved by the machine, by the onlooker, and, above all, by the individual bourgeois manufacturer himself” (16). According to the communist position, the worker was worse off because of the innovation and use of
Private property ownership arises and as it arises owners seek workers to grow and earn profit. Because of the high frequency a worker produces, the workers become poorer and owners becomes wealthier. In capitalist society, wage does not mean a reward towards how you devote or how it actually meets ones desire but instead it is a wage of a servant or payment of a slave. That is how alienation arises; you are working in
Marxism is a system of economic, social, and political philosophy based on ideas that view social change in terms of economic factors. A general opinion is that the means of production is the economic base that impacts or resolves the political life. Marxist literary theory of how everything relates back to wealth and social and financial status, reflecting on the economical experiences of Fitzgerald. It is clear that Fitzgerald has a Marxist message in the way he develops his characters in his novel. In the Great Gatsby, Fitzgerald demonstrates the concept of Marxist critique through social-economic relationships and conflicts that it can create.
Marxist theory also helps us further our understanding of the achievement gap. We will interpret the achievement gap through the concepts of ALIENATION, SPECIES-BEING, and CLASS CONFLICT. Although these concepts pertain to critiques on capitalism, they remain useful and revealing to the U.S. education system, as this system itself was heavily influenced by capitalism. For example, there are bells to conduct the school day, grades to track student performance, incentives to outperform your peers, and many other aspects influenced by capitalism. Marxist theory allows us to examine how the organization of the school system either promotes or hinders the achievement gap.
Marx had his own theory of Marxism. This theory encourages the vanguard party to set up a worker’s state that will then set up the conditions for socialism. Marxism considers the loyalty based on class is the most important idea. Marx said that the common values of the industrial workers from the end of the nineteenth century are far stronger than other values. Now back to Leninism.