Over the last thirty years, the prison population in the United States has increased more than seven-fold to over two million people, including vastly disproportionate numbers of minorities and people with little education. For some racial and educational groups, incarceration has become a depressingly regular experience, and prison culture and influence pervade their communities. Almost 60 percent of black male high school drop-outs in their early thirties have spent time in prison. In Punishment and Inequality in America, sociologist Bruce Western explores the recent era of mass incarceration and the serious social and economic consequences it has wrought.
Through the process of how legislators have defined crime, who police have arrested, and how media has reported crime, the typical criminal has been identified as young, urban, poor, minorities. President Barack Obama feels the same way. In a interview with Vice, Obama described how he believes the system is biased in a way that African American youth are more likely to be suspended for school, arrested, charged, and prosecuted more aggressively, than white American youth. Reiman would agree, and would add that a reason for this is that African Americans are disproportionately poor, and the poor tend to be arrested by the criminal justice system more frequently than their contribution to the crime problem would warrant. Then the question arises on why African Americans remain in poverty.
Central America has 4 countries in the top 5 for murders per 100,000 people just to begin with, so there is a lot of crime in Central America, especially Honduras that as of 2012 leads the world in murders with 90.4 murders per 100,000. Central America has .6 percent of the world’s population but accounts for 4 percent of worldwide murders. What’s the cause of so much murder and crime in such a small area? It’s a mix of drugs, gangs, poverty, and unorganized and corrupt governments. Also, only 24 percent of the murders in Central America warrant a conviction, so 76 percent of the time, the murderer is not convicted.
This problem is getting worse and worse by the years and even former president Barrack Obama commented- “Over the last few decades, we’ve locked up more and more nonviolent offenders than ever before. Longer than ever before and that is the real reason our prison population is so high.” The United States has imprisoned more than 25 percent of all the prisoners in the world, even though we only have about 5 percent of the world’s population.
Racial profiling has had great effects on African American communities all over the US. Victims of racial profiling incidents and people who have witnessed have begun to fear and hate the police when they should be trusting that they are there to keep them safe. Many incidents have occured in the US where unarmed black individuals have been brutally killed by the hands of white police or have been pulled over when driving because they have commited the crime of “driving while black”, which in today's world has become something that African Americans have to fear because of the likeliness of them being pulled over by police, because of their racial bias towards them. “Driving while black” is something that black families tell their kids to be careful of at a young age because of their own experiences with police. In between 2007-2010, people of colored skin accounted for 75 percent of the people stopped by Boston police and 65 percent of them were black in a city whose population was made up of 25 percent African Americans at that time.
The novel describes the situation of the black community and by the plot showcases that the african americans weren 't even given the basic right to be tried fairly in court. The blacks in the 1930s accounted almost 10 percent of the american population and faced atrocities which later were called the black holocaust. As many as 2805 African Americans were killed within a period of 50 years from 1885 till 1935. The novel is based on Atticus Finch, a lawyer from Maycomb. He is respected not only in the white community of the county but also the coloured community.
Human child trafficking in Africa Humans- Not For Sale. An estimated 1.2 million children are trafficked each year in Africa. “Africa has the highest incidence of child labour in the world. According to the ILO, 41 per cent of all African children between the age of 5 and 14 are involved in some form of economic activity” (Child Labour Rooted in Africa’s Poverty). Human child trafficking is a global phenomenon happening right now in every country in the world, also the second fastest growing criminal industry.
In 1999, CDC figures show that over 20,000 Americans died of drug overdoses. Those numbers have risen steadily in almost every subsequent year. However, the death rate really began to skyrocket in 2015. Between the end of 2015 and the end of 2016, the number of annual fatalities rose by more than 10,000. The main cause of all these murders is drug trafficking.
Based on. “Although African Americans make up only 13 percent of the population, they constitute 48 percent of all murder victims—93 percent of whom are killed by other blacks—and they commit 51 percent of the murders in which the case is solved. A standard argument against the death penalty is that it is racist because 40 percent of those on death row are African American”(Tucker). This is saying that out of 100 people sentenced on death row, 40 or more of them are usually african american. That is a high number of people to be executed for murders, which occur daily across America.
The drugs legalization, and its influence on economy Introduction The war on drugs has been an endless fight, the best example that we know is probably is the U.S.A, where it has created overcrowding in prisons and a violent drug war between Mexican cartels, American gangs and the police, with a terrific result of approximately 70’000 people killed between 2006 and 2010, the majority not working for the drug trafficking. Economically speaking, the illegal drugs market makes up 1% of global GDP and is estimated around $400 billion a year (Office des Nations unies contre la drogue et le crime, 2005). Furthermore drug traffic has led whole countries under the corrupting influence of drug cartels, hindering any kind of control from the authorities,
The way African Americans are treated inside of jail and outside is actually disturbing. The United States is home to 5% of the world’s population, but 25% of the world’s prisoners. To think about how big this number is disturbing and numbers keep increasing. The United States prison population in 1970 was just above 327,000, and now the current prison population is just over 2 million. On the one hand I feel American Americans deserve some of the punishment that they get, but on the other I wonder why they are treated the way they are.
I found that, today, people of color are more likely to be incarcerated and sentenced disproportionally than their white counterparts. Racial inequalities in the criminal justice system are evident now more than ever. Although some believe that we are now past racial disparities, people of color are still facing injustice in the criminal justice system as appose to whites. Furthermore, my research has found that mass incarceration of one race, leads to mass poverty in
In the last thirty years, incarceration rates have skyrocketed to four times of that in 1980, with 1 in every 31 adults being under some form of correctional control. (“Criminal Justice Fact Sheet”) The US now houses 25% of the world’s prisoners, despite containing only 5% of the world’s population. (Khalek) Many factors have contributed to this sharp increase in incarcerations, including zero-tolerance policies, and the school-to-prison pipeline and the War on Drugs (“Criminal Justice Fact Sheet”). However, the largest contributors are the prison industrial complex, which targets and criminalizes minority groups, and the dependence of for-profit prisons on inmate count and prison labor. Privatized prisons made a comeback during the 1980s,
Quick Write Essay Mass incarceration is a horrible failure. America has the highest incarceration rate in the world. Even though America is home to about one-twentieth of the population , America has half of the world as prisoners. Incarceration is still high and not lowering no time soon. “ We are not moving nearly fast enough to reduce incarceration… Over 2 million Americans live caged… a 550 percent increase in the last 40 years.
At the turn of the 21st century the majority that entered the prison system were African Americans and Latinos. (Michelle Alexander, 2010) The reason behind mass incarceration was due to the crack down on the deteriorating communities where the majority of minorities lived. Authors Scott Ehlers, Vincent Schiraldi and Jason Ziedenberg of Still Striking Out: Ten Years of California’s Three Strikes (2004) report that African Americans in prison because of the three strike law is higher per every 100,000 African American than Whites and Latinos in California. (U.S. Census Bureau