Perhaps the most important idea in the book is, as Levitt and Dubner state, “Knowing what to measure and how to measure it makes a complicated world much less so” (14). Freakonomics uses many different rhetorical strategies to show the importance of looking deeper into seemingly commonplace things. Levitt and Dubner use comparison to achieve the purpose. Comparisons are used to form a basis for an investigation into certain topics. For example, the authors say, “What do
The idea of confirmability is the subjective concern to what is objective. Here, strides must be taken to guarantee beyond what many would consider possible that the findings are the really the outcome rather than what the researcher wanted it to be (Patton, 2015). The confirmability concept is our comparable concern to objectivity. We assure this by providing and presenting the research findings and the result of the experiences and ideas of our qualified respondents rather than to our preference and characteristics’ viewpoint. The test for those included in teaching courses in research strategies lies in guaranteeing that those examining undertaking qualitative research are not just mindful of the reactions commonly made by its detractors yet they are additionally cognizant of the procurements which can be made to address matters, for example, validity, transferability, reliability and confirmability.
These types of references build and establish credibility for your research. Otherwise, the paper loses credibility. In cyberspace, there is a plethora of information to be found. However, it is not always reliable or credible. Additionally, using scholarly references provides the proof, through expert testimonies and expert research, that an issue is indeed a credible issue worthy of research, and in this instance, that the issue is a contemporary societal concern, as well as revealing why it is a concern to
Qualitative research is intimidating to many because it involves talking to people, learning about the culture and language, revising surveys to fit the community’s definitions and views, and revisiting people. With qualitative data, one cannot punch data immediately after the initial interview; this data takes a lot of time to fully gather. Additionally, qualitative data is seen as softer compared to quantitative. Thus when publishing and presenting research, Cropley explains that it is important to be upfront with one’s bias and to be skeptical of one’s own data. The best way to seem valid is to outline the methods and exact steps used and to ensure they are clean.
Critical Reflection The first semester of Nazarbayev University Foundation Year Program was full of numerous advantageous and educational assessments which were challenging and interesting to perform. From all of the completed tasks in it, the research essay, which was assigned at Humanities and Social Sciences, would be the most relevant to write the critical reflection on. The reason why the choice felt on this particular topic is because, personally for me, it was the most demanding and thought provoking assignment from all of the provided. Despite the fact that I had considerably better results in the other assessments, this task gave a lot to learn from my mistakes which will be useful for the further studies. The subject matter of the
It is commonly agreed upon to apply all methods complementary in order to gain the benefits and advantages of all methods while avoiding the disadvantages (George & Bennett, 2005: 34). There is no golden rule of how to apply the different methods and it would depend on each research. But possible scenarios could be to use a statistical analysis in order to identify relationships between variables. Followed by a case study that can provide other why those variables relate (George & Bennett, 2005: 34; Sekhon, 2004: 281). It is entirely possible to conduct an analysis the other way around.
Going for help is much better than trying to figure out for myself what i needed to work on. I know by setting a goal for myself and planning has also made me grow as a student. My reading and thinking isn 't much of a problem. But i still have a lot of weaknesses i need to focus on, such has actually trying to read an article or sometimes missing key ideas of what i’ve read. My
Human resources are utilized to check for plagiarism through the hiring of editors to review whether the idea is of original content as well as the review of citations, referencing and even paraphrasing. Writers often hire editors to review their work for them, but of course, with a certain payment. These editors help researchers avoid plagiarism by checking on citation and referencing, to determine whether or not it was done in the proper format as well as to ensure there are matching references to each citation. They will be able to determine the originality of contents in the work, provided that they have enough experience in the field to have a broad knowledge of its advancements. Journals usually practice peer-reviewed publications, where editors solicit referees to review paper that were submitted to their journals (Meier, 1992).
This was mainly because it was almost impossible to randomly select from population to sample. Also, in this study, a triangulated methodology was adopted as a result of the current scholarly interest in the triangulation research methodology as well as the nature of the present study. Therefore, the two major research paradigms, quantitative and qualitative, were synthesized in the use of multiple data-collection and analysis procedures. Quantitative methodology was adopted when the researcher intended to collect the participants ' writing samples throughout the course. Qualitative methodology was adopted when open-end attitudinal questions
Upon first reading this question, I thought I needed to define some keywords which have unclear meanings. These words are “disagreement”, “fact” and “expert”. Especially, the word “disagreement” may have completely two different meanings. First, it has the meaning of refuting the other person’s idea and the second one is discussing on different ideas and reaching a better understanding of the subject. In this way, this word may imply that the disagreements negatively or positively affect the accumulation of information and progress in a discipline.