3, Gale, 1998. Literature Resource Center, http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/H1420016482/GLS?u=avlr&sid=GLS&xid=d2ccbf5e. Accessed 5 Mar. 2018. Originally published in Indian Journal of American Studies, vol.
The bus boycott in Tallahassee followed soon after the famous Montgomery Bus Boycott. After a year of not using the bus, the African Americans in Alabama were finally granted their right to sit wherever they pleased on the bus. Right before the start of the boycott, Rosa Parks famously refused to give her seat up to a white man on a bus (http://ow.ly/Yuqbq) .This shows how something as simple as not using public buses can help one gain
Having this segregation caused fights, disagreements, and more cases brought into court because if race, but it was the start of a new world. The case of Plessy versus Ferguson started around the 1890s when the Separate Car Act statute was passed in Louisiana. This act stated that any companies carrying people in Louisiana must have separate but equal areas for the whites and blacks. Homer Plessy, in 1992, was one-eight black and purchased a ticket for first class and, sat in the white only area. He was then arrested for violating the new Separate Car Act and was taken to jail.
This would allow whites to feel supreme, but also allow African Americans to make something of themselves and provide for their families. Washington wanted blacks to be educationally ready for the argument of equality. These ideas would later begin to deteriorate in the black communities due to Jim Crow laws, racial discrimination, and eventually the race riot. Jim Crow laws were state and local laws enforcing racial segregation in the Southern United States. After the riot in Atlanta, many African American looked to the ideas of W.E.B.
After the first world war, the strengthening of the most racist group in America called the Ku Klux Klan has risen in the south and extended into the Northern and Western states. Their campaign encouraged hate towards black individuals. Many African Americans were scared to challenge the white Americans, because of the support the southern politicians were getting from the organization so the government did nothing to solve it . During the 1930s, the KKK organization depleted in memberships because of the depression and disbanded in 1944. After many protests from individuals like Martin Luther King, Malcolm X and others whose fought for the equality of black people in America, the federal government enacts Voting Rights Act in 1965 and the Civil Rights Act in 1964.
John F. Kennedy, the 35th President of the United States has expressed various issues during his Inaugural Address in 1961 and one of it was about civil rights in the states. When John F. Kennedy became president in 1961, African Americans throughout most of the South were denied voting rights, barred from public facilities, subjected to insults and violence, and couldn’t expect justice from the courts. In the North, they are faced by discrimination in education, employment, housing, and many other areas. Therefore, the Civil Rights Movement have made essential progress to bring justice. One of the impacts was, John F. Kennedy pressured the Federal Government Organizations to employ more African Americans in America’s equivalent of Britain’s
Following the decision, Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas admitted nine black students, though most opposed this. A white mob protested against a group of black students, known as the Little Rock Nine, from entering the high school. Orville Faubus, the governor of Little Rock at the time, was a prominent segregationist. Segregationists opposed the court ruling and integration within society. “When the Court issued its
The CRM initially began in 1955 with the Montgomery Bus Boycott. On 1 December 1955 Rosa Parks, an African-American woman, refused to give her seat to a white passenger. It was the Jim Crow etiquette for a black person to give their seat to a white person, so this small act of civil disobedience was hugely frowned upon. This cause an uproar that led to Parks being fined and arrested. This was the first step in Martin Luther King 's peaceful resistance as Parks’ actions led to as many as 50 000 African-Americans boycotting the buses.
One should consider that segregation can get in the way of education as well as personal safety. Source B mentions that when nine African American students attempted to attend an all white school in 1957, people everywhere had been angered and would not allow these nine students to enter the school at all when it had been made legal two