Due to the fact that illegal immigrants usually come into the country with nothing, they find that committing crimes is their only way to live. Many immigrants find that using robbery and fraud is an easy way to gain large sums of money, seeing that they usually are unable to find steady jobs. They are also more violent. After realizing in their past country that they could get away with harsh crimes, they figure they can do it here as well. Over one hundred illegal immigrants whom were caught and released have continued to be charged with murders.
Introduction The topic of this report is gangs, why people join them and the impacts. A gang can be described as an organized group of criminals, social scientists use the terminology most often when describing a group of juveniles. People who have previously been involved in criminal acts, and youth looking for protection or a sense of belonging are highly attracted to the idea of gangs. The reason for joining a gang varies depending on the person and where they live but all have common themes such as acceptance, new experiences and protection. After joining a gang the participates become involved in a great deal of criminal acts.
Informal controls once again act in a manner that supports the idea that when neighborhood adults interact in terms of obligations and expectations, they are able supervise and control the activities of children. When this is not present in neighborhoods, such as the one shown in the documentary The House I Live In, the result is the participation of youths in the drug trade and other aspects of criminal life. The destruction of the neighborhood has already been underway as a result of spatial mismatch, but worsens when the war on drug is factored in. These neighborhoods often suffer from the result of the policy known as broken windows policing that doesn’t make situations any better. The policy is predicated on the notion that where there are a few broken windows, there will be more if the windows are not repaired.
Some pros on police pursuits are that it immediate ID of suspects and apprehension. Police pursuits leads to more charges, takes dangerous criminals off the streets immediately, and quick recovery of stolen property. Once people begin to find out that there is a “no pursuit policy”, more and more people will fail to stop for the police and quick results for victims of burglaries, assaults and others. The cons of policing pursuits are as followed.
Broken windows theory states that unchecked social disorder leads to major crime. Police are here to help keep social disorder in check. This includes disorderly people such as: drug dealers, prostitutes, thieves, etc. A weakness of this crime is that it does not account for the background of people. The Broken Windows theory ignores social and cultural aspects like poverty and only looks at the effects of the “broken window”.
The roots of the crime in these impoverished areas are not found with the people themselves, but can be found in the purposeful urban planning of the city. They use the absence of youth activities, purposeful placement of gun and alcohol shops, and gentrification to increase the crime rates of impoverished neighborhoods similar to Crenshaw. These examples showed that the origin of the crime is not the actual people who live in these neighborhoods, but is caused by the people in control of city planning. The government could easily fix all three of these problems by moving money from the alcohol and gun stores into activities for the youth to participate in and divert their attention from criminal activities. However, as a Capitalist society, it is unlikely that the Government will punish the real estate industry for taking advantage of this group of people as it seems like it is their own fault at first glance.
Therefore, community gardens avert crime. Those previous two sentences may sound as if they have no correlation, but as law.jrank.org claims, the most common motives for crime include greed, anger, jealousy, revenge, or pride. Such emotions are driven by social, psychological, and other problems. One of the main influences, as listed on this website, includes peer influence. For example, researchers claim when youth fail to comply with their demands and standards in society, they gain interest in groups like gangs, where criminal activity and antisociality allows them “street cred”--where they are finally accepted.
Advocates of gun control seem to focus more on law abiding citizens and families from owning a firearm, yet never mention the fact that criminals are the ones misusing firearms. Criminals are careless when it comes to breaking the law, but they will care if the victims can fight back. Perhaps guns are banned, will that deter criminals from obtaining them? ( Geer 2 ) No it will not hinder them. Criminals will break the law and if they refuse to turn in their firearms they can just as easily sell illegal drugs, and make money to buy firearms illegally through black markets.
When deciding the best time and place to commit a crime, perpetrators think through these elements precisely. Since they wish to avoid detection, criminals will frequently blend in with the crowd. If a criminal is going to steal from someone and sees a law enforcement officer around, he or she is less likely to commit that crime to avoid trouble. Routine Activities Theory argues that crime is a routine function of peoples’ lives which white collar crime can be used to dispute this
The theory adopts that where there is urban disarray, there is crime. The theory supports their concept by taking care of the minor stuff first, so they won’t have to face as much major stuff subsequently. The broken windows theory became a success in New York City as it actually reduced crime. However, it increased “stop-and-frisk” incidents - all officers are allowed to routinely stop citizens in order to search them for drugs, firearms or other potential criminal possessions. As expected, the stop-and-frisk incidents only resulted in further tension between people of colors, minorities and
jurisdictions. Several victims of police brutality came out to lodge accusations to complaints commissions. Overall, the approach is a simple model whose only aim is fixing the problem of crimes temporarily (Greene, 2014). It, however, does not address the underlying causes of crime. Alternative Solutions One of the alternatives to zero tolerance policing is community policing.
The standard of suspicion for stop and frisk is only reasonable suspicion. This standard is basically a “hunch” just a slight suspicion that a crime may have or is about to be committed. Because the standard is so low, it’s easy for officers to target somebody and conjure an explanation as to why they looked suspicious, therefore making it simple to use people for a particular consequence. For these reasons, the formalism ethical approach views NYPD stop and frisks as
As one flicks through the news, he or she may be startled or shocked to discover the sheer amount of police cruelty occurring in public space. As an extension of government, the police inherit the same powers involving public space. Although they cannot create new policies, they act to enforce the policies designed by the government. Police are often mistakenly advertised as a source of protection for citizens. However, Anderson refuses to neglect the truth: they are the villains.
Both, the Uniform Crime Report and the National Crime Victimization Survey addresses how we should shape policies yearly. Throughout the UCR report, crime index offenses are the ones being reported such as violent crimes of murder and non-negligent manslaughter, robbery, forcible rape, arson and etc. The crime report itself involves around 17,000 law enforcement agencies reporting yearly. Not to Mention, one of the differences between the two, is that the UCR reports crimes known to the police which is why the NCVS crime report was created to allow the statistics to be more accurate by allowing victim citizens to anonymously mention their crime experiences that were not reported to the police. The fact that both, provide us with crime statistics
However, in Sutherland’s differential association theory he states that criminal behavior is learned from your intimate groups and the definitions of committing crime outweigh the unfavorable definitions (Scarpitti 2009). Since these offenders vary from investors to corrupt public officials they must have learned this behavior from someone they trusted and respected. Someone eventually told them it was “ok” to act this way and once they got enough of these definitions favorable to this crime they started committing it themselves. For example, a new police officer joins the force and the officer training him is doing some “under the table” dealings while out I the field. The new police officer talks to other members in the department and they reinforce these definitions favorable to this criminal behavior.