Voltaire is well known for his suggestive satirical work, especially his masterpiece Candide. Candide is a timeless piece still relevant today, that was written to warn the public about the consequences of radical optimism (Online-Literature 1). The main character, Candide, is a naïve and trusting young man who is banished from his home. Despite his life being filled with a series of bizarre disasters, Candide holds fast to his optimism – which serves as an example to readers. Voltaire emphasizes the dangers of radical optimism by incorporating tone, themes and utilizing satire in Candide.
On the other hand, victor character is perceived by the monster through his view of Victor as a cold creator and an unloving abandoner. Comparing Victor to God and himself to Adam, the monster says, "Many times I have considered Satan as the fitter emblem of my condition" (Marry Shelley pg. 132). The monster outlines his perspective of his "birth, " and soon after, Victor is fleeing from his lab. The creature was very confused. victors response: "I felt light, and hunger, and thirst, and darkness: innumerable sounds rang in my ears, and on all sides, various scents saluted me."
Voltaire uses juxtaposition to show that Candide is a polite and innocent young man. Voltaire also juxtaposes the old woman’s hospitality with the orators cruelty to show that not all belivers are hypocritical “wished to kiss her hand” (Voltaire7). He juxtaposes the glory of warfare as a noble ideal with its violent reality, painting a picture of a battlefield as a place where no thinking person could possibly think war was good. “ The earth was strewed with brains, arms, and legs” (Voltaire 3). Voltaire juxtaposes “stupefied” and “hero” to suggest that the military was full of soldiers just like Candide and the stupefied youths who don’t understand why they are there.
Although both Victor’s and the creation’s actions ultimately bring destruction, it is under society’s injustice that causes these violent and evil intentions, not the individual. Previous to his work, Frankenstein’s studies revolve around “attention was fixed upon every object the most insupportable to the delicacy of the human feelings. I saw how the fine form of man was degraded and wasted” (51). First in obsession with creating life, Frankenstein expresses love towards the supernatural in his passion for natural sciences. Working strenuous hours and putting himself in a weakening state of health, his dedication shows appreciation for his creation, showcasing the capability of love and good in mankind.
The Gatz family are removed from the general population in the text, through their unique characterisation. Jay Gatsby is originally defined as having an “extraordinary gift for hope” (p. 2). This ‘gift for hope’ brings a positive expression to the text, and this positivity arrises whenever Nick describes Gatsby. For example, Gatsby’s smile which “understands you” (p. 51), “believes in you” (p.51), and has a “Prejudice in your favour” (p. 51), all help to lift the tone of the story.
The Chrysalids by John Wyndham portrays the lead protagonist as inquisitive and intelligent. Among the people of Waknuk, David questions the beliefs he has been taught. David doesn’t fear change; the complexity fascinates him. David quotes “The ways of the world were puzzling”, in his opinion. Lime yellow indicates young Strorm’s growth and curiosity.
Grendel by John Gardner offers a parallel perspective to the old english poem Beowulf. The novel tells the story from the perspective of the antagonist and elaborates on the struggle this monster must endure. Grendel is at constant war with his inner demons, he appreciates beautiful things and is hopeful that one day he could posses them and live in harmony with them. Quotes such as “Some evil inside myself pushed out into the trees. I knew what I knew, the mindless, mechanical bruteness of things, and when the harper 's lure drew my mind away to hopeful dreams...” (54), perfectly captures Grendel 's struggle.
He developed a deep love for the noble, albeit impoverished, family. Seeking some kind of human relationship, to be more accurate, just any kind of contact, he first tried to talk to the oldest family member as he was blind and the monster knew that his hideous physiognomy, excites not only disgust but more so fear. However, the other members of the family returned unexpectedly, and drove him with stones from the cottage. Upon this, the monsters sorrow increased, and he cursed his creator and his own hideousness.
The supernatural journey of Young Goodman Brown was purposely constructed to be a questionable event. Hawthorne cleverly breathes elements of uncertainty, to emphasize the importance of the effect and the insignificance of the sole event. Real or not, the Devil managed to sprout gloom inside Goodman’s heart. His loss of innocence was inevitable, this figment shattered his beliefs and turned him cold.
In a Society Full of Hatred, Good Turns Evil John Ortberg once said, “Art is built on the deepest themes of human meaning: good and evil, beauty and ugliness, life and death, love and hate. No other story has incarnated those themes more than the story of Jesus.” However, the story of Frankenstein comes in at a close second to these themes of “human meaning” (Ortberg). The creation is heroic, as well as, a monster, he has an appalling appearance, and he wants love but receives animosity. The creation was born good and made evil.