During the civil war, many Americans lost and risked their lives to fight for their beliefs, emancipating the slaves or the White supremacy. The civil war resulted with the freedom of slaves and the period of Reconstruction (1865-1877). The Reconstruction tried to solve the problem of what would happen to the freed men and how the government would reintegrate the Southern States into the Union. Both of the said events caused social, political, and economic changes to American society. In 1868, the 14th Amendment was created as a result of the emancipation of slaves.
After the Civil War, “Lives of black slaves had improved greatly and there was hope for emancipation of slaves in those states. However, The Compromise of 1877 took away all hope for slaves.” (Source 8) This “compromise” made slaves’ lives even more difficult than it was before. As soon as progress was being made, this set it back even more than it was before. This was from the perspective of a former Louisiana slave, Henry Adams, “The whole South - every state in the South - had got into the hands of the very men that held us as slaves.” (Source 7) This basically ripped any chance of freedom and equal
In the 1870s fights broke out, people were murdered, and the country was in chaos. It left us wondering who's to blame for the end of Reconstruction? After the Civil war slaves became freedmen but they didn’t have rights. An era called Reconstruction by historians began. Some people supported it.
When the union won the civil war in 1865 it gave millions slaves their freedom but there was a bigger process in rebuilding the south. As Andrew Johnson in 1865 new southern state leaders passed “Blacks Codes” to control the behavior of former slaves and blacks. Many people in the north were very upset about these codes. since the North was very upset with this indecent that happened. It wore away their supporter known as the presidential reconstruction and led to victories of the radical parts of the republican party.
Slavery was a predominant factor in the South’s way of life. Notably, slaves provided free labor for plantation owners. Many colonists that remained loyal to Britain when the idea of independence first made its round, known as Loyalists, typically were members of the wealthy class in the Deep South. In other words, Loyalists supported Britain, and did not want to become independent from Britain. The British encouraged slaves of rebel masters to escape to British lines, though they were sometimes equivocal on whether the runaways would actually be freed (Frank, 2008).
There was a lot of violence and killing to keep blacks out of politics. Sharecropping was a way to scam African Americans to farm for you and make them owe you money, so they have to keep working to pay off the debt. The Supreme Court let oppression happen legally, and could deny people the right to vote. The way black people were treated during reconstruction makes it a
To fail to do work to a respectable level means to be sold to another plantation and ripped away from one’s family. To try to escape, is to die. It is constantly apparent that these values apply to Cora’s life as much as any slave of the time period. Big Anthony was one slave on the Randall plantation in which Cora worked. However, Big Anthony had tried to escape the chains of slavery.
Reconstruction - the federal government plan to solve the issues formed from the end of the Civil War – can be divided into 2 parts: physically rebuilding the South and reconstructing the Southern Society. The goal of the reconstruction politically was to integrate Southern states/rebel states back into the U.S., and socially was to integrate the freed slave population to the society. However, ex-confederates of the South resisted this because of the fear of complete turnover of their lives, and to maintain the social hierarchy, where African Americans remained at the bottom by default due to their race. Several organizations such as the Ku Klux Klan were formed to resist reconstruction and preserve white supremacy. Congress responded to the resistance by establishing the Freedmen 's Bureau, whose aimed was to build public schools and universities, provide food and medical care, political equality between blacks and whites and equal access to the judicial system.
April 12, 1861, the day that the Confederates and the Union squared off in a Civil War that ended with a disastrous number of 600,000 fatalities. Several Compromises failed to fulfill their purpose of slavery and the issue of tariffs began to deteriorate the United States economically. Popular sovereignty and representatives in Congress determined the states rights for themselves. The Civil War was caused by the state’s rights and their need to escape the Union, slavery which poised a great threat to the breakable United States, and the economic differences that identified the strength and weaknesses of the North and South. The Civil War was caused in part by the interaction of state’s rights that tore the Union apart.
Railroads became more widespread in the United States after economic damages caused by the Civil War. The Civil War was caused by the secession of the Southern States due to controversies over allowing slavery in the United States. The North did not want slavery while the South depended on inexpensive slave labor for its agrarian society. As a result of the Civil War, the South’s economy was crippled since it could no longer depend solely on cotton as a result of slavery being outlawed in the 13th Amendment. As a result of the crippled economy, the South needed to be “reconstructed” meaning that it had to diversify its economy beyond agriculture.