Examples Of Scapegoats In 1984

979 Words4 Pages

“A person or group made to bear the blame for others or to suffer in their place,” is the definition for scapegoat according to dictionary.com. The term originated from the bible where a goat would be sent out to perish with the sins of the people on its back saving them by its death. This term has been used from those early days to now as a means to use something or someone to blame as a distraction from the real cause or just as something to blame taking the easy way out. In the novel 1984, big brother uses Emmanuel Goldstein as a scapegoat in a similar fashion to the way the government has used scapegoats throughout history.
In the novel 1984, Emmanuel Goldstein is the blame for everything that goes wrong in the state. It is rumored that …show more content…

He is hated by everyone because that is what they were taught. The reasoning behind using this scapegoat is to have all the people of Oceania hate and fear Goldstein so they won’t realize they should actually fear and hate Big Brother. Having someone to blame allows the government to do and get away with any and everything without being looked at as bad people because the blame would automatically go on someone else. Each day at 11:00 a.m., the citizens participated in Two Minutes Hate. Two Minutes Hate was a time where everyone watches a film of propaganda which includes video of the Party’s enemies, Goldstein in particular. When Goldstein appears on the telescreens, the Oceanians shout, curse, scream and throw things at the screen while listening to Goldstein speak bad about Big Brother. “People were leaping up and down in their places and shouting at the tops of their voices in an effort to drown the maddening bleating voice from the screen. […] The dark haired girl behind Winston had begun crying out ‘swine! Swine!’ and suddenly she picked up a heavy newspeak dictionary and flung it at the screen.’(Orwell 15) The party’s purpose for Two Minutes Hate was a means of keeping Goldstein as the main scapegoat in order to have them act in unity promoting sameness and take away their …show more content…

The people of Oceania are told that Big Brother loves them and takes care of them, so in return they are devoted and loyal to him. Any decision made by the Party is in the name of Big Brother and the people never question anything because Big Brother is perceived as good. As a result, the Party is free to have complete control over everyone and do as they please. Posters of Big Brother are everywhere and many of the posters remind the people that Big Brother is watching them. That instills fear into them so they never question anything in fear of the Thought Police capturing them and taking them to the Ministry of Love. Big Brother’s name brings fear and comfort into the citizens of Oceania’s

Open Document