This has caused the invisibility of women, which has become an indicator of inequality. The issue of gender, that is socially learned behaviours owing to masculinity and femineity, has been one of the main ideals that feminism has owed the oppression, inequality and subordination
Feminism in its broad sense is a movement that aims at establishing and achieving equal political, economic, cultural and social rights for women. It believes that both men and women should have equal rights and opportunities. Feminists call for the right of women to receive education, to have equal opportunities in work as well as equal pay. Additionally, they believe that women should be self- determined and have the right to vote. Feminism actually emerged as a reaction against the unjust treatment and subjugation of women; it aims at the emancipation of women from all forms of oppression.
Dalit women’s access to citizenship rights, normally considered as accruing to every Indian citizen, has thus been examined more closely in regard to both their economic and social conditions as well as the various ways in which they are subjugated in public and private spheres. Wandana Sonalkar’s (2004) in her another work “Towards a feminism of caste: Gender and Caste”. She explore the Gender and Caste, in a sense, addresses this problem to some extent by bringing together a collection of historical and contemporary analyses, reports, manifestos and testimonies that bear on the theme and tries to align academic inquiry with contemporary political developments. This anthology is an important addition to Kali for Women’s series Issues in Contemporary Feminism, particularly because it seeks to exorcise the ghost of ‘monolithic identity’ which the Indian feminist
Feminism is a discourse that involves various movements, theories and philosophies which are concerned with the issue of gender difference; it also advocates equality for women and campaigns for women’s rights and interests. Feminist theory is associated with the analysis and explanation of women’s subordinate social situation. It seeks to analyze the condition which shapes women’s lives and to explore cultural perception of what it means to be a woman. In the early twentieth century there were some important feminist thinkers: Virginia Woolf (1882-1941), Charlotte Perkins Gilman (1860-1935), Simone de Beauvoir (1908-86) and Betty Friedan (1921-2006). Like them Rokeya also appeared as a strong voice of feminism.
Feminism is one of the critical and theoretical studies that are reshaping literary studies. Many feminist theories have been developed in different places and different periods of time. Each of these theories and studies criticize the way that the economic, political or traditional systems deal with women’s rights. Some of the feminist perspectives protest against the distinction and discrimination against women in modern society (Johnson 57). In this paper I will concentrate on how some feminist theories approach objectification by reviewing many different definitions of objectification; second I will explain the wrong thing about objectification and then what is ok about to see if they all those feminist critics agree about the idea of objectification.
Cultural relativism is a perspective who believes that culture is the source of all human rights. Culture is a community trust is a reliable source to become a pillar of human rights. Cultural relativism also believes that every country has different cultures and also will have a view of human rights that is different effect on each country. Feminism is a movement against the rejection of the views or suppression of women 's rights (Karen, 1988). Feminism is aware of the gender inequality in society and in the family, among others in the form of oppression and exploitation of
According to the Ocean Encyclopedia, “Feminism is both an intellectual commitment and a political movement that seeks justice for women and an end to gender inequality, sexism, in all forms.” There are many different kinds of sexism in the world that have been a cause of conflict, disagreement, controversy, and numerous other problems. Feminists disagree about what sexism consists in, and what exactly ought to be done about it; what they generally disagree is about what it means to be a women or a man and what social and political implications/suggestions gender has or should have. Feminism can be seen as an alternative vision of a just world. Philosophically, feminism does not only bring a variety of political and moral claims, but it does bring ways of asking and answering questions, critics; it makes us become more critical toward issues that surrounds and affects us. We as humans should be aware that the most important themes in relationship with feminism are human rights, race and racism, the self, sex work, and the most
Gender Inequality can be defined as allowing people different opportunities due to perceive differences based solely on issues of gender. It refers to the differences in the status, power, and prestige women and men have in groups, collectivities, and societies. It is the unequal treatment or perceptions of individuals based on their gender. Gender Discrimination is the prejudicial treatment of an individual or group due to gender. Gender inequality and discrimination are generally discussed as pertaining to women, but anyone can experience gender-based inequality or discrimination.
gave rise to studies that situated the translated text in its social and historical circumstances and considered its political role, paying attention to ideological values, to cultural, economic and political inequalities, to individual choices and also, most importantly, to the ethics of translation.’ (Castro: 2013:). As Simon also states, translation studies have also been concerned with the central issues of feminism, which are the distrust of traditional hierarchies and gendered roles, deep suspicion of rules that define fidelity and the questioning of the universal standards of meaning and value (1996:10). Consequently, within the framework of a new understanding of fidelity, which is concerned with the strong reflection of women’s experiences