The war had reshaped their political and social expectations of race relations in the south. Veterans came back to a housing boom and difficulty integrating into society. African American veterans were expected to resume old roles in society such a being farm hands or chauffeurs. This in turn led to the creation of several groups such as the Georgia Veterans League which veterans encouraged voting registration and participation in the Democratic primaries (Cobb, 4). Some of the African-American veterans gained support from Caucasian veterans who felt that because of African American’s dedication to America that they too deserved the same rights.
At first slavery was helping the South win the war because the chattels were doing all the white men’s farming and factory work, which meant the white men were available for fighting in the war (Holzer). However, when Abraham Lincoln established the Emancipation Proclamation the slaves could leave, making the white men unable to fight in the army because they had to do their own work (Holzer). Slaves also had more motivation because they were fighting against their former masters (Bodenner). If their former masters had treated them horribly, the freed slaves will have a greater motivation to win the war against them. Former slaves were also allowed to join the army after they escaped servitude ("Abraham Lincoln Issues the Emancipation Proclamation: January 1, 1863.").
The Civil War maintained the union and freed the slaves. Reconstruction excluded the political focus on certain areas. However slaves were freed. They gained civil liberties and lost long term racial action. The union needed to effectively bring the south back to position, and the interest in the economy.
Reconstruction - the federal government plan to solve the issues formed from the end of the Civil War – can be divided into 2 parts: physically rebuilding the South and reconstructing the Southern Society. The goal of the reconstruction politically was to integrate Southern states/rebel states back into the U.S., and socially was to integrate the freed slave population to the society. However, ex-confederates of the South resisted this because of the fear of complete turnover of their lives, and to maintain the social hierarchy, where African Americans remained at the bottom by default due to their race. Several organizations such as the Ku Klux Klan were formed to resist reconstruction and preserve white supremacy. Congress responded to the resistance by establishing the Freedmen 's Bureau, whose aimed was to build public schools and universities, provide food and medical care, political equality between blacks and whites and equal access to the judicial system.
“Their (Mississippi, South Carolina, or Louisiana) framers intended and did disfranchise a majority of their citizenship [deprived them of the right to vote] because of “race and color” and “previous condition”..” [Doc. 7] This lead to the ratification of 15th Amendment. The 15th Amendment protects the right to vote of the emancipated slaves as it says on the document, “the right to vote shall not be denied on the basis of race, color, or previous condition.” The aftermath of civil war, resulted with good economical changes. The slaves used to work on their master’s plantation. However, when they were freed they spread out and became independent.
The South used different laws called black codes. These codes were like another type of slavery that would place whites higher than blacks, instead of everyone being equal. If a black man was not employed, he would be arrested and probably not be able to pay the fines. Even during this time, the whites struggled to see if the blacks should have the right to carry arms, but other codes told the African Americans that they could own property. During this time, a group was formed of former Confederate soldiers that met in secret.
While Reconstruction after the Civil War seemed to have promise for former slaves, there were still many hardships. President Andrew Johnson’s leniency with the south during this decisive period allowed for there to be debate over what the fate of freed slaves should be. Some believed that continuing to work in the fields they were once slaves in was the best option for blacks because of their past as field workers, while others believed that there were more options for blacks than just farm work as seen in the schools built in the south for the black population by the Freedman’s Bureau. However, the question still remained as to what freedom for blacks truly meant. People’s opinions on what freedom for ex-slaves needed to be depended exclusively on their race and their socioeconomic status.
Historically oppressed Americans, the poor, female, and nonwhite, began to understand the impact education should have on their lives (The Gilded Age). Education freed the slaves, created a middle class, and decreased corruption in the federal government at the end of the 19th century. However, this new power created new challenges, because earlier forms government targeted those that are not rich or white in new, more covert ways. The cycle of poverty created for these individuals has made them targets to the judicial system now, that only a few are able to get out of with the help of
"After years. the Civil War, poor black and white farmers worked together to elected politicians who supported them. The politicians they elected gave them better government, better roads, and better working conditions. "In response, one major goal of Jim Crow was to ensure that poor whites and blacks would never unite again. To stop the black political threat, blacks were "disenfranchised," or not allowed to vote.
For Africans who were forced to leave their countries and be used in all different ways it was horrifying for them. I don’t know way American people decided to do this but it was sad for the African who suffered their lives to not die. At first European people were used to buy the African slaves but were taken by the Americans, the African were known to be hard workers and have experience in building things, doing weapons with the materials they have, they were smart and good learners. Throughout the trip America took 10 million of Africans. The ship was tight and a