1) having personality means that one has the ability to acknowledge that he has certain “empirical feature” (i.e. wants, desire, etc. ), but at the same time, this agent can live independently from these desires, which means that the agent would not be
Q1. Using objective criteria, unlike using interests of the basis of will, is efficient and is not costly. Aspects like valuing the relationships, understanding other’ interests and coming up with new ways of settling for agreements, which will satisfy both sides do not really matter, since there is always a conflict of interests. Putting your will against the will of other negotiators will not contribute to finding a solution. We need to use objective criteria if we want to agree on something without the will of either side.
Virtue ethics are ethical theories which focus on moral character rather than right action. The main focus of Aristotle’s ethics is on the person’s character, you must try to become a person with good character regardless of thinking about any end, outcome, happiness, consequence, action, reward or punishment. If you will be able to have a good and virtuous character right actions will take place automatically. The actions of a person with good character are right actions and the actions of a person with a bad character are wrong actions. Virtue ethics do not require you to focus on doing your duty or on actions that would bring about good consequences.
• Autonomy is defined as the freedom from external control or influence; independence. Ethically, it is the counselor's position to promote independent thinking and problem solving when appropriate. As a mental health counselor, one must promote self-determination so a client can take what they learned in session and apply those practices outside of the session. This is imperative when working with multicultural clients because the sessions should be based on the client's beliefs and personal courses of action to be able to obtain the independence needed for establishing self-direction. • Nonmaleficence is defined as avoiding doing harm to a client to reach a specific outcome.
He believed this non-possessive attitude would not hamper his actions and objectives. This concept is similar to the concept of Renunciation in the Bhagavad Gita. In the Bhagavad Gita, renunciation is a process of casting off worldly possessions and obligations and journeying on a quest for
Generally, neutral question means that the question is unbiased and does not take any of the sides of the issue but the exceptions should be existed. In my opinion, “Neutral question” means not to stuck in paradigm and not coming from certain one culture. Paradigm is concept or perspective which individuals accepted. The different paradigms that people hold own would lead to different interpretation of the world in different ways. This raises a knowledge issue, “To what extent are questions within different paradigms biased because they are colored by each paradigm?” and “What knowledge can be rise from neutral question and how are they significant?” I aim to explore knowledge issues arising from the claim through making reference to and giving examples in two areas of knowledge, natural
According to Helfrich in this approach ‘culture’ is not an external factor whose effects on the individual must be examined, but rather an integral part of human behavior. Human acts cannot be separated from their cultural context. They are determined not by causes which can be studied using the methods of the natural sciences but rather by reasons which are under the control of the acting person and must be understood through the eyes of the individuals under investigation. What is emphasized in this approach is human self-determination and
This means in other words that existentialism transforms your behaviors. According to the existentialists, the most significant thing for individuals is to be a individual, not dependent on the social roles, titles and definitions. Existentialist creates their own moral values independent from the society, and search a reason for their isolated life. The problems of the existentialist are their concern with the unsolved problem of meaning. They are curious to find a meaning and they seek the sense and meaning of the universe.
Of course, no amount of confidence or selfappreciation can produce success when requisite skills and knowledge are absent. It bears noting that self-efficacy beliefs are themselves critical determinants of how well knowledge and skill are acquired in the first place. The contention that selfefficacy beliefs are a critical ingredient in human functioning is consistent with the
It also needs to be understood that human well-being should be understood prior to prior to a person's choice and behavior. Hence, freedoms are also one of the key components of this approach. Sen does not favor or advocate a particular concept of the good life, but rather emphasizes the importance of freedoms that each individual exercises concerning the options that matter most to her or him. He, therefore, sees and advocates the expansion of a range of genuine freedoms and choices to each individual, understood as human