Children could be bullied because they are different this will have a detrimental effect on their self-esteem and self-confidence and will also affect their learning and development. There are different forms of disabilities and they all affect people different ways for example a learning disability or a physical disability. An autistic child has a developmental Disability and this affects the way in we communicate and relate to other people and the world. A child or young person may find it hard to understand facial expressions or tone of voice. They could feel lonely or cut off from others, they may avoid social interaction.
A child with good social skills is usually happy which makes them emotionally healthy. Being emotionally happy helps a child think positive thoughts and they will have a good attitude to
Miller (2010) conjectured that children who grow up under authoritarian parenting styles often experience long term emotional consequences. They tend to have poor social skills, low self-esteem, anger and higher rates of depression and anxiety. It is due to independence is discouraged; children are taught to follow rules rather than taking initiatives. They are not taught how to think. This lack of independence, both emotional and physical, can eventually result in low self-esteem.
Insecure attachment affects a child’s brain development which in turn impacts interactions with others, resilience, confidence and the ability to explore their environments. Insecure attachment contributes to “cognitive vulnerability to depression, specifically, dysfunctional attitudes.” (Lee & Hankin, 2009). Some characteristics of an insecurely attached child includes the inability to deal with stress, low self esteem, a lack of self control, and pseudo-independent behaviors. These children often behave as if they know that adults are inconsistently available. They do not seek an adult for help when in distress or dealing with a situation, or they avoid the caregiver
2.2 Describe the impact of prejudice and discrimination on children and young people An environment of prejudice and discrimination will have a very negative impact on children. It will impact on emotional development, it could affect their confidence, low self of steam, they might find it hard to make friends, might make them feel angry and confused. This could also affect their education and progress and their wellbeing. 2.3 Assess how own attitudes, values and behaviour could impact on work with children and young
For example children need to learn that is natural to feel wide range of feelings and to openly express them in a positive and appropriate manner and they should not forget their own feelings and emotional needs when trying to please others. 2. Explain the principles of relationship building with children, young people and adults. More effective communication means that easily to transfer the information from person to person, more easily to understand and more easily to respond to. In situations where misunderstanding takes place, people feels uncomfortable and tend to avoid communication directly.
Some children may have conditions such as Dyslexia, ADHD, Downs Syndrome or Autism, which will cause their communication to be different. They may find it hard to interpret what an adult is asking them to do or they may not be able to communicate what they want to say in a way for an adult to understand them. Hearing and Physical impairments will also have an effect on communication. Hearing impairments in a child or adult will create a barrier in communication where the listener will have to use a different form of communication such as sign language or using pictures and gestures. Physical impairments would include disabilities such as Cerebral Palsy or Spina Bifida in the child or adult.
Explain the reasons why children and young people’s development may not follow the expected pattern: The reasons why children and young people’s development may not follow the expected patters is due to them maybe having a disability, emotional influences, physical influences, environmental influences, cultural influences, social influences, learning needs and communication skills. Children with disabilities require a lot more support than those without a disability in order to help them develop their skills and become more independent. Disabilities can affect more than one area of a child’s development depending on what disability they have and what support is available in order to help improve the child’s needs etc. Emotionally children are affected due to them maybe having signs of depression where they are quiet than the rest of the children and they shy away from joining in with different activities and getting involved with other children. Children who are emotionally affected may also have low confidence and find it hard to build friendships with other children, it is important that we make children feel welcome and encourage them to join in with other when doing activities so
As I was looking after the children outside, it was hard to miss the sight of Jay bonding with the other children. Jay, you really enjoy hugging the other children and they enjoy hugging you in return. Your happy and friendly personality invites the other children to spend time with you. While I may not hear you having clear conversations with you peers, you express yourself through your body language. You take action and responsibility to make friends and invite the other children to play with you by smiling at them and handling them a toy.
Subsequent thinking by Coopersmith (1967) and Rosenberg (1965, 1979), as well as most contemporary self-esteem research, is well in accord with the basic tenets of symbolic interactionism. According to this viewpoint, it is important to analyze how people perceive themselves to be viewed by significant others, such as peers, classmates, relatives, and so on. Some modern theories of self-esteem have focused on the norms and values of the cultures and communities in which people are raised. For instance, Crocker and her colleagues have argued that some people experience collective self-esteem because they are especially likely to base their self esteem on their social identities as relating to specific groups (Luhtanen & Crocker, 1992). Leary, Tambor, Terdal, and Downs (1995) have stated a distinct and significant social account of self-esteem.