ANA Code of Ethics & Population Health Nursing The American Nurse Association Code of Ethics is a tool for professional nurses, to use as a guide, when serving the patients and the public. The code of ethics is designed to aid nurses when making decision regarding human rights in situation of life and death. As nurses, we are to inform, and aid the public in achieving health, safety, and wellness of all people. Population health nursing is also committed in achieving overall health of the United States population. Population health is the defined as the distribution of health outcomes within a population, the determinants that influence distribution, and the policies and interventions that affect the determinants (Nash et al, 2016).
Task 2 7 / C.P6: Compare the influence of different health and safety laws or policies on health and social care practice in a selected setting There are several different health and safety laws and policies that vary between settings in health and social care aimed towards different legislations that must be followed, and have resulted in improvements in health and social care practice. It is important that these legislations are followed by service providers in order for them to promote safe practice and to fully understand their responsibilities under these legislations. Some of the legislations include the Health and Safety at Work Act etc 1974, the Data Protection Act 1998, the Care Act 2014, the Care Standards Act 2000 and the Equality Act 2010. The Health and Safety at Work Act etc 1974 aims to ensure the health, safety and welfare to all individuals in the workplace and reducing the risk of accidents, illness, injuries and malpractice. This can include the administration, handling, storage and record of dangerous substances and the training of staff in these areas as well as in handling safety equipment to ensure health and safety.
Before we look at the different Social/Psychological Determinants of Health it is important firstly to define what a social determinant of health is. According to the World Health Organization (2017) “The social determinants of health are the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work and age.” These conditions are as a result of a wide range of factors that are ultimately governed by the way in which money, power and specific resources are shared at different levels including those at global, national and local levels. We have all been a part of and will experience different social determinants of health throughout our lives but it is the standard at which we experience these determinants that will ultimately lead onto them affecting our health or ultimately leaving us unaffected. The Social Determinants of Health which I am going to examine include • Education • Unemployment • Stress • Living Conditions • Cultural Norms. These Social Determinants of Health may all relate to each other in some ways but may also have no relation to each other at all.
Thus, public health approach is to deal with all the determinants of health which requires multi sectoral collaboration and inter disciplinary coordination. Health care includes medical care and care of the determinants of health (this collective approach will help to improve the health of the community).Public Health approach is a holistic approach which encompasses all elements required for healthy living. It controls disease through health promotion, specific protection and by restoration and rehabilitation. In addition, disease surveillance which informs about ongoing as well as emerging public health issues is a core public health function. Other important functions are developing partnerships, formulation of regulations/laws, planning/policies and Human Resource Development.
You would probably get a lot of different definitions, be short of food, clothing, water, protection from the cold and rain. But also not to be able to influence your own life, to be powerless and marginalized. Those who are poor have little opportunity to shape their future. Approximately one billion people around the world today live in extreme poverty. Poverty can be measured in the health, food, healthcare, clean drinking water and security.
Clinical research is from acute to chronic care experience throughout life span. It involves health promotion and preventive care for individual, families and communities in different settings. It is important for nursing research to widen the scope in order to have a greater impact in future. The aspect of health promotion and preventive care are very important because some diseases are better prevented than treated and while some changes are irreversible such as aging are part of human experience. Health systems and outcomes research focuses on how health care delivery influences quality, cost and experience of patient.
Good morning everyone, welcome to a formal morning tutorial/ lecture. The aim of this session is to discuss the following: national, strategic and theoretical issues relating to health promotion. Health promotion is important in the reduction of disease risk in individuals throughout the UK. Currently, the population is becoming increasingly at risk of suffering from diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease and osteoarthritis through participating in risky health behaviours such as smoking, sedentary lifestyles and obesity. Health promotion in the health care services is therefore one of the key methods through which individuals can employ persuasive methodologies alongside personal one-to-one counselling from individuals which health to alter the behaviours, knowledge and attitudes of individuals towards the health choices they make.
TASK 1 What are the social determinants of health and how these determinants are linked to Inequality in health outcomes between different social groups? The social determinants of health ranges from factors such as the wider socio-economic context as seen in fig 1, inequality; poverty; social exclusion; socio-economic position; income; public policies; health services; employment; education; housing; transport; the built environment; health behaviours or lifestyles; social and community support networks and stress. The social determinants of health are the circumstances in which people live and work and these circumstances are shaped by economics, policies and politics. It is the duty of the government tackle this social determinant of health
One of the major obstacles regarding behavior change amongst the African American culture come as a result to the lack of resources that are provided within their disadvantaged neighborhoods (Cateret, 2010). These families lack the necessary tools to facilitate change, which then results into a cascade of unhealthy behaviors. Within these very local communities fast-food chains can be found on almost every corner. It is almost as if eating healthy is no longer an option. Due to the very low-income budgets, many of the African Americans within these communities are not exposed to healthy food options nor are they able to afford many of the prices.
These factors are known as the Social Determinants of health. “The social determinants of health are the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work and age, including the health system” (WHO). Dalgren & Whitehead (1991) image of the social determinants of health aims to show the relationship between the person, their environment and their health. The modifiable factors, people’s age, gender and race lie in the centre surrounded by non modifiable factors like profession, housing, education and public policy. There is a direct relationship between people’s environment and their health, e.g.
I think there are many ways an ANP can influence health policy such as by providing high quality of care, lowering cost of care, increasing healthcare access and excellent nurse-patient relationship. Healthcare advocacy is very complex and requires access to the resources of power, wealth, will, time, energy, along with other necessary social and political skills and resources. As (Gould, Fleming, & Parker, 2012) state “advocacy is a fundamental instrument of health promotion practice and suggests strategies to apply these principles in
For example, those who live in a high-crime community may be afraid to go outside and exercise to counteract unhealthy diets. Excessive weight, inactivity, and poor nutrition then contribute to further complication. Those in poorer neighborhoods may also lack adequate transportation to and from appointments with their physician as well. This may be related to lack of a vehicle to drive to the provider or lack of funding to pay for transportation. When barriers prevent people from seeking adequate health care, they may not routinely see their physician or wait until it is too late in the disease process.
The demographic characteristics of the seniors most affected by food insecurity are blacks the retired and the disabled, women, welfare recipients, the less educated, people that live in rural areas, states were unemployment levels are high and government benefits are low. I think that government and public programs need to work on finding ways to have more companies donate food instead of throwing it out. Another thing they need to work on is having more community gardens where people can volunteer their time to help seniors grow produce, allow seniors to grow their own produce and allow them to sell their produce to make some extra money. In conclusion seniors face many negative nutrition and health consequences dealing with food insecurity but we can reduce these problems by having more companies donate food that will be tossed and having more community gardens for seniors to