2. The urban planning theorists define three major aspects of implementing the change in the urban planning. The first one is the financial benefit and the future economic outcomes of the change, the second one is the impact on the infrastructure and the sustainability of the city, and the third one is the reaction of the local communities. The reaction of the local community comprises a variety of social aspects of the urban planning; hence, there is a need to take this factor into account as the primary
Furthermore, the factors beyond the urban site’s boundary are actually influencing the events happened in the sites (Kahn 2005). Hence, small urban parks as (part of) urban sites have to be studied spatially and temporally, and study should include site context in order to obtain a better understanding of social and ecological characteristics and
Urban regeneration in China has become a vast topic and has drawn attention worldwide. But, first what is urban regeneration? Urban regeneration entails the demolition of structures, relocation of people and businesses and the use of resumption or eminent domain (government purchase of property for public purpose) as a constitutional mechanism to take private property for city-sponsored development projects. It includes the renewal of rural areas and result in urban sprawls and help deal with overpopulation or traffic jams as an example. Throughout this paper I will explain my understanding of some critical issues in China’s recent urban regeneration policies that include the cause and effect of communities, and their residents economic
Civil Engineering is a profession that has been around ever since the beginning of civilization. In definition, civil engineering is the area of engineering that deals with the urbanization of land. This area of engineering is extremely diverse; therefore, it is only natural for such a vast degree to have different subareas; each of which deals with a different part and aspect of urbanization. In general, the major civil engineering specializations include: Structural Engineering, Geotechnical Engineering, Environmental Engineering, Water Resources Engineering, Transportation Engineering, Construction Materials Engineering, and Construction Management. Summarizing these areas briefly, structural engineering is the engineering or designing
“THE GENERATORS OF CITY DIVERSITY” BY JANE JACOBS Phạm Nguyên Thảo Student ID: 14510673775 Urban planning plays an important role in city life, especially in a dynamic economy and environment of the city nowadays. Because of the rise in number of crime, pollution, traffic jam,…, many cities are looking for new solutions to deal with these ever growing problems. In the past, many urban planners tried to create perfect cities to completely replace the old cities, for example Ebenezer Howard’s Garden City, or Le Corbusier’s Radiant City. Nevertheless, recent planning has switched from strict building codes and grand schemes, to a more community-based approach that focuses on improving community life and the environment in which people live in. Besides, developing cities also face the threat of losing their diversity and identities.
But speaking about the Ottoman cities we have point out on an important parameter; the influence of the cultural background of the society on the urban tissue, according to (Tekeli 1973), the Ottoman Empire remained heterogeneous in both religion and ethnicity in order to maintain social order. A special type of social organization (the millet) was formed along both communal and religious lines for the Muslims, the Greek Orthodox Church, the Armenians and the Jews. Each developed its own social characteristics and these were reflected in the structure of the Ottoman city, (Cubukcu 2015 ) indicated that urban street pattern varies with the cultural Landscape, comparing the spatial structure of street networks in a part of Izmir city. For that reason, the sample we took from Izmir as reference represents Ottoman Islamic city characteristics, as long as the compared cities in Algeria was booth
But it is clear that the same underlying forces that have accelerated the pace of globalization (in particular, information technologies and transportation changes) are also contributing to fundamental changes in urban spatial structure at regional levels within many countries, both developed and developing (Elena, 2015). Physical changes in land uses are to be observed as consequences of globalization (Michael, 2001), along with other factors, which is shaping the 21st century cities and urban design and planning practices. Grant and Nijman have discussed in “Globalization and the Corporate Geography of Cities” that the spatial (re)organization of cities and its relation to globalization takes a different form in different
on these bases, the development process can be analyzed by identifying its component parts, the way they interact, and the impact of this on the urban fabric and its form. it is argued that, in a development process, there are 'development agencies' who operate through certain "development factors" within interrelated social and spatial "contexts"; and that any configuration of urban form is directly affected by variations of these components parts of the development process and their
It also identifies the management levels at the global, national, regional, and local levels. 2.1 Urban planning and management concepts. Urban management may be referred to as the application of knowledge, skills, tools, and techniques to protect activities to meet the urban requirements. This may include setting up a team for efficient mobilization of resources to maximize output. Urban areas cannot exist in isolation, they may require inputs from, and waste assimilation functions or, and other ecosystem (Sustainability concepts, 2013).
My point of departure for this thesis is that in many of our post-industrial cities, the civic realm has increasingly shrunk and the private realm has continuously expanded and civic spaces are arguably more important today than ever. Most people are found using the unplanned public spaces rather than the planned public spaces. The issue is approached by focusing on a middle ground- between urban planning and design of individual buildings. The intent is to design an ‘insertion’ that responds to specific features of the existing urban structure and the regulatory framework currently in place. Here the juxtaposition of the old and new becomes the visible passage of time.