She shows this through an African American character named Tom Robinson, his representative, Atticus Finch and the happenings of his trial. In the book, Harper Lee uses Tom Robinson to convey how racial discrimination is used in the supreme court. Just because of Tom’s complexion, he was put in jail and killed for a crime he did not commit. Lee really conveys the theme of how Tom was heavily discriminated against just due to his skin complexion.
Mrs. Dubose views African-Americans as inferior and because Atticus is aiding Tom she equates Atticus to a colored person. In the final scene the jury reached a census on Tom’s conviction which is, “...’Guilty...guilty...guilty...guilty…’” (282). This quote shows that Atticus was going to lose no matter what. This damages the family’s reputation as a lawyer.
In this next quote, Bob is testifying about how Tom raped his daughter and Atticus is defending Tom throughout the court case. This begins to show how the destruction of innocence started to effect Tom in the court case. Bob lives on the outside of town where the African Americans live. He is considered an outcast by the people of Maycomb. Bob testified accusing Tom of rape, but there was a lot of evidence in the sheriff's testimony to prove that Bob was lying in his testimony, like how the sheriff said that when he heard about Bob's daughter.
This was a huge deal and everyone was going to watch it. The trial was such a massive deal because it was extremely rare to see a white man defending an African American man in court. Also, the fact that the case was local made it even bigger because it affected many people in Maycomb. Scout shows the importance of the verdict when she says, "Guilty... guilty... guilty... guilty... I peeked at Jem: his hands were white from gripping the balcony rail, and his shoulders jerked as if each guilty was a separate stab between them."
The conflict perspective describes a theoretical framework in which society is viewed as composed of groups that are competing for scarce resources . Since the title of the book is “To Kill a Mockingbird” Mockingbirds are used to represent innocent creatures that are mistreated or “Killed”, which relates back to the main theme of the book which is the destruction of innocence. the author gives some examples of mockingbirds such as Tom Robinson. Though he was blantly innocent, since Tom was a negro man accused of raping a white woman he loses. A substantial amount of evidence and witnesses proved that he did not commit the crime, however he was still found guilty.
The only lower class in the town were the African American people living in the town. This ties in to racial discrimination that leads to unfair society because tom Robinson is a black man that is accused of raping Mayella Ewell even though evidence contradicts he ever committed the crime. He was found guilty due to the fact he is a black man and it’s his word against a white man’s word this is an unfair society because the people of Maycomb county had to side with the Ewells even though Tom Robinson is innocent because the Ewells are white. Furthermore, this ties in with the quote that jack said “The jury couldn’t possibly be expected to take Tom Robinsons word over the Ewells” (Lee. Page 117) because Tom Robinson lives in an unfair society where his opinion doesn’t matter in the face of the people in Maycomb county.
The people who make up society tend to overlook the reality of what the world once was and what it continues to be. To Kill a Mockingbird is not just a novel that tells a story of what a young girl’s life was like as a child, but also tells the story of the violations of humanity. Mayella Ewell, a white woman, kissed Tom Robinson, a black man. Feeling ashamed of her actions, she accused him of rape. Because he was a black man accused of rape, he was found guilty and sentenced to death in prison.
In To Kill A Mockingbird Mr.Ewell shows prejudice against a black man named Tom Robinson. Prejudice is frequent in the story and it is used on a innocent man. A poor white girl accuses a black man of raping her, which leads to a trial. The residents of Maycomb think black people don’t matter because of their racial superiority complex which comes from slavery. HARPER LEE Harper Lee wrote this because of prejudice back then when she was little.
Maycomb, a major setting in To Kill A Mockingbird, is set in Alabama in the year 1930. This book is about a man named Atticus. He is defending a black man named Tom Robinson in a case that is almost impossible because Tom is an African American. He is accused of raping a white woman and is automatically put in the profile of guilty. He is found to be guilty even after all the evidence that proved he did not do it.
In the story To Kill A Mockingbird by Harper Lee, it displays how many racial issues occurred in the southern part of the country during the 1930’s. An example being when Tom Robinson who is a innocent black man who is being accused of assault against Mayella Ewell. At the courthouse, every witness stated that Tom Robinson raped Mayella Ewell on November 21st and punched her in her right eye. But, Tom Robinson can’t use his left arm so there was no possible way that Tom Robinson punched Mayella Ewell. Atticus Finch attempts to prove Tom Robinson’s innocence by using strong, emotional appeals to convince the jury.
With pathos, an emotional argument, Atticus’ speech becomes powerful enough to have the audience feel a sense of guilt of Mayella and pity for Tom Robinson. Atticus’ beginning part of his speech tells the courthouse audience to understand the true purpose of this case, which eventually leads up to the morals of Tom and the courthouse. “The defendant is not guilty, but somebody in this courtroom is.” (271) Atticus is pointing out that Tom Robinson is not guilty, but someone else is. This hits the emotions of the audience because it is insinuating that Bob Ewell could be the one who abused Mayella.
In “To Kill a Mockingbird,” Written by Harper Lee, Atticus believes Maycomb is unjust because he is someone who strongly believes in Justice/equal rights. Which is shown when Mr. Heck Tate shows up at Atticus’s door, Scout tells Atticus about how people think he’s wrong and, when Atticus talks about “Maycomb’s disease.” For my first piece of evidence, Atticus is telling Mr. Link Deas about the Tom Robinson case. “Link that boy might go to the chair, but he’s not going till the truth’s told.” Atticus’s voice was even.
To Kill A Mockingbird written by Harper Lee is a novel based on growing up and racism during the 1930s in Maycomb, Alabama. Told in two perspectives; one as Jean Louise Finch, who is reflecting back to her childhood, and the other as her younger self who went by the name of Scout. As the story progresses, Scout’s father, Atticus, has been assigned to represent Tom Robinson, a black man, who has been accused of raping and assaulting Mayella Ewell. At the end of the trial, Tom is still convicted guilty of the crime, even though there was enough evidence to prove his innocence. This is because of the power Mayella holds since she is white, but because of her class and gender, her power is limited.
“If there’s just one kind of folks, why can they get along with each other? If they’re all alike, why do they go out of their way to despise each other” (Lee 304). This quote is one of the most significant ones in Harper Lee’s To Kill A Mockingbird because it is referring to the human race and how we are all practically the same, and yet people persecute one another because of racism. In the town of Maycomb, Alabama, one thing most people have in common is racism.