Examples Of Structural Realism In International Relations

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There are many important events of International Relations that sparks my interest, however, the event that I am most curious about is the founding of the UN in 1945. The United Nations was negotiated in 1944 during the Dumbarton Oaks Conference among the ‘conquering’ nations: the Soviet Union, the UK, the US France and China and was officially formed in October 24, 1945. Through the use of the Structural Realism theory and the Neoliberalism theory, I plan to assess how this event was carried out. The Founding of the UN in 1945 can be explained through the use of the structural realism theory. The International Structure have always been an anarchy and an example of this is the UN. This is conducted such that no one state will have the power and authority to enforce rules upon other States, all sovereign States are equal according to the international law. The first meeting in 1945, consisted of 51 States. The thought of ‘being neglected’ aroused among the relatively smaller, poorer and ‘powerless’ nations when the UN was founded, as it was feared that the ‘Big Five’ would not view the ‘weaker’ nations ‘issues’ to a certain level of importance or priority. The fact that the 51 States managed to co-operate together with the aim of creating peace, indicates that the UN is anarchic and hence, states attempt to keep their balance of power, despite differences of power within each States. According to the Structural Realism theory that every State has to pursue power and one
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