(Srikantiah, et al. 2007) 4. Proper management of human and animal waste, which includes proper drainage facilities so as to minimize cross contamination with the water distribution system. (Dewan, et al., 2013) 5. The development and timely implementation of an adequate surveillance system to identify positive cases and carriers of typhoid fever.
Social sustainability Some authors have defined Social sustainability as follows: “Social Sustainability occurs when the formal and informal processes; systems and structures and relationships actively support the capacity of current and future generations to create healthy and liveable communities. Socially sustainable communities are equitable, diverse, connected and democratic and provide a good quality of life”. Explained in different words, a society that has reached social sustainability is one that understands what people need from the places and contexts they live and work, and apart from that is able to effectively provide infrastructure to support social life, systems for citizen and space for people and places to evolve. All necessities must be afforded and there must be equality in all aspects. Social sustainability includes a specific dimension related to gender equity, which is one of the hardest objectives to address.
Public health is a type of science that works to promote health and quality of life by preventing and controlling disease, injury and disability The history of public health come all the way from centuries and has been recognized as having concern for the human health. It has been also recognized that the treatment of illness in individuals is different from public health’s focus which is the preventing and protecting the health of a population. (Scotia N, 2007). Public health history has a lot of importance to the communities as it has brought out a lot of achievements as follows: introduction of vaccines, motor vehicle safety, safe workplace, control of infectious diseases, reduced deaths from coronary heart diseases and stroke, safe and
In the execution of projects it is important to accomplish the primary purpose of the project but the extent to which this is achieved differs across different projects. As postulated by Jomo and Van Engelen 2005, in recent times they has been a growing need undertake business in a sustainable manner. This needs a role in leadership to be conscious and sustainably lead the business to greater heights. Emerson (2011:1) speaks of sustainable leadership being that which develops rather than deplete materials and human resources, renews peoples morale, enthusiasm and so it is resourceful leadership which eliminates wastage. In addition, this requires leadership’s long term thinking in fostering innovation that adds value to customer, increases
They believe that they will achieve it through a culture of excellence and teamwork by accomplishing the company mission. Eco World Development Group Berhad also wants to be known as the leaders and to lead with passion in pursuit of all world class product designs. ("Annual Report 2013," 2014). Eco World wishes to deliver unmatched service quality to their customers at all the times which is higher than the customers’ expectation. More than that, Eco World insists to compromise about their standards in building an environmental-friendly and ecologically-sound neighbourhoods.
Nations have a moral responsibility for sustainable development. There is no cause greater than shaping a world, in which every life that enters it can look to a future of security, opportunity and dignity; and, where we leave our environment in better shape for the next generation. SDGs have the potential to create a world where no one is left behind. The SDGs also make it possible to achieve what the WHO constitution mandates: attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level of health. Sustainable Development goals are considered as an augmentation of the MDGs.
Overview of the Millennium Development Goals Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are a linked set of objectives – a portfolio of targets that represent a coherent assault on the problem of development (Hall, 2005). It expresses the shared commitment made by the Global community to fight poverty. The MDGs was endorsed by 189 nations as international commitment to the priorities for achieving sustainable development (CGIAR, 2005). It has 8 goals, 18 targets and 48 performance indicators on poverty reduction, human well-being, social opportunities, economic conditions and a healthy natural environment. Broadly, these goals are: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger.
Sustainability can be defined as ‘the ability to be maintained for a long term’. It could be defined as ‘durable’, ‘systematic’ and ‘sound’. A sustainable development is often defined as a durable development. But how is sustainable development has been redefined by architects and designers today. Now, the concept of sustainability has been defined as a systematic, long term approach to allow the progress of humanity economically and socially without environmental impacts which was expressed by Filho.
The principles related to economical & social sustainability are as follows: Offer individuals and communities the opportunity to increase their capabilities Know your "needs" and "wants." Put primary focus on achieving needs of larger number of individuals Allocate in a fair manner benefits and costs related to economic activity and public policies Maintain a positive genuine long term investment considering all types of capital The principles related to environmental & social sustainability are as follows: Ensure that all material and energy inputs and outputs are as inherently safe and benign as possible Look beyond your own locality and the immediate future Preserve access to ecosystems services essential to health and wellbeing Preserve biodiversity and respect all life forms regardless of how useful they are to humankind The principles related to environmental & economical sustainability are as follows: Stay within ecosystem 's carrying capacity in terms of resource development and waste assimilation Develop closed cycles of operation and consumption to minimize waste Offset the use of non-renewable resources by investments in renewable substitutes Stimulate innovation to facilitate the adaption of more efficient and greener
Sustainable development can be defined in different ways. One of the ways is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs (Brutland Report,1987). Sustainable development has become one of the most successful way to be introduced in nowadays or in future. In fact, it formed the worldwide plan and the universal group 's demeanour towards financial, social and natural improvement. Sustainable development including two concepts in it.