Having Parmenides’ philosophical works as his basis, at some, he basically followed Parmenides’ famous statement, “nothing comes from nothing”. Summarizing his causes, Aristotle said that “all things that come to be come to be by some agency and from something, and come to be something.” Aristotle considered the Unmoved Mover as the form and the world as the substance. He also considered the Unmoved Mover as the final cause and by being the final
This answer can be found in Plato’s distinction between the constantly changing physical world (presumably described by Homer, Heraclitus and the others) and the eternal world in Timaeus – as well as in the description of human and divine in Phaedrus. The divine level of knowledge is disconnected from the one of humans due to the difference between two types of knowledge: the knowledge of the changing physical world and the pure divine “knowledge absolute in existence absolute” (cf. Parm. 247e). The communication with gods is only accessible to those who receive visions (φάσματα) thanks to divine inspiration and the prophets who use their intelligence to interpret the meaning of these visions (Tim.
He has given an example, that Frankenstein’s monster has no meaning by its origin but could still find his own meaning, to support meaning can be determined not by the past. Creationism is a religious aspect to examine the meaning of life. There is a creator that has created life. As creator would not create things without meaning, life should have a meaning. This position has the same viewpoints of meaning of life as naturalism, which is the origin of life gives life a meaning.
The premises from the meditation that claim god doesn’t exist are weak and invalid, and fail to give enough evidence to support the thought that god does not exists, which would conclude that God does exist. The argument for God’s existence is that God is a perfect being, he is infinite, independent, supremely intelligent, and supremely powerful. Descartes goes on to talk about how God exists because he can conceive of him as better than himself (AD 40). God is perfect and perfect at everything, and was the first thing that sent everything into motion (AD 45). God is the ultimate cause.
A Daoist would follow the Dao in order to live a good life. The article states that “The Dao is the universal necessity underlying all things and controlling their existence, and the Dao is the very beginning of all things (Xie 2000, 470).” This means that the universe and everything in it, as well as how the universe is controlled, is the Dao. To paraphrase the words of Dao De Jing, “I don’t know exactly what it is, but it’s an infinite mystery that created the universe. It does not have a name, so I call it “the way.”” This force that runs the universe is described as impersonal, unlike the Christian idea of God, with no greater plan outside of being the force for life, acting in a natural way, as nature does. This way of acting in a natural way is how the Dao wants one to act.
Which is “if bare nothing cannot produce a being, then an eternal being exists”. This premise needs further justification for it to be correct. The term “bare nothing” does not cancel out that explanation that nature could have the power to produce another being. Locke responded explaining that nature is the first beginning and every beginning was produced by something else. An eternal being was the reason why the explosion of nature started our world and further produced all of
Abstract: In ancient Greece, fate was considered to be a rudimentary part of daily life. Every aspect of life depended and was based upon fate (Nagle 100). It is common belief to assume that mankind does indeed have free will and each individual can decide the outcome of his or her life. Fate and free will both decide the fate ofOedipus the King. Their personality was what decides their own free will.
Rational knowledge argues we are just by accident and life itself is our purpose. Breathing and functioning which are products of particle formation is our purpose. Our purpose is not some profound gift given to us by a God or ourselves. We are simply a body created by the coalescence of random cells who give us functionality. There is no set instructions on how to live or set explanations on what to live for; we are constructed by chance and our functionality is simply to live within the body that randomly formed us.
Joy Olson; Western Civilization Socratic Philosophy Some might ask, “How can philosophy impact our lives?”. To all, the answer would be different, but they would have one thing in common. Philosophy is the study of the fundamental nature of knowledge, reality, and existence1. Thus, it is a broad topic which Socrates truly understood and loved with a passion. Although he does not have any writings, his student, Plato, does and expands on Socratic teachings and philosophy.
As Kearns mentions, the poems are not about the gods, but they are rather about human beings. Indeed, the ancient Greek religion comprises of an utter belief in the gods, whereby devotion to them was the key to success. The gods bring Dike, that is, justice to mankind and decide of the people’s fate. This essay will put forward the idea that the gods as presented in the poem is not as necessary as it may seem. Despite being immortal, the gods have flaws.